Product nameHuman CXCR4 knockout HeLa cell lysate
Cell line information
Parental cell line: HeLa
Organism: Homo sapiens
Gene editing information
Editing tool: CRISPR/Cas9
Mutation: Homozygous: 1 bp insertion in exon 2.
Knockout validation: Confirmed by Sanger sequencing.
Reconstitution instructions: To use as a WB control, resuspend in 45 µL of Sample buffer (40% (w/v) Glycerol, 4% (w/v) Lithium Dodecyl Sulfate, 4% Ficoll 400, 0.025% Phenol Red, 0.025% Brilliant Blue G250, 2 mM EDTA) and 5 µL of DTT to resuspend @ 2mg/ml. Mix well, then boil the sample for 10 minutes before loading it onto the gel.
User storage instructions: Upon receiving, lysate can be diluted with 1 x SDS sample buffer & will be stable at -20°C for 12 months. Long term storage at -80°C.
Knockout validationSanger Sequencing
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This product is subject to limited use licenses from The Broad Institute, ERS Genomics Limited and Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC, and is developed with patented technology. For full details of the licenses and patents please refer to our limited use license and patent pages.
Storage instructionsStore at -80°C. Please refer to protocols.
Components 1 kit Human CXCR4 knockout HeLa cell lysate (Lyophilized) 1 x 100µg Human Wild Type HeLa cell lysate (Lyophilized) 1 x 100µg
FunctionReceptor for the C-X-C chemokine CXCL12/SDF-1 that transduces a signal by increasing intracellular calcium ions levels and enhancing MAPK1/MAPK3 activation. Acts as a receptor for extracellular ubiquitin; leading to enhance intracellular calcium ions and reduce cellular cAMP levels. Involved in haematopoiesis and in cardiac ventricular septum formation. Plays also an essential role in vascularization of the gastrointestinal tract, probably by regulating vascular branching and/or remodeling processes in endothelial cells. Could be involved in cerebellar development. In the CNS, could mediate hippocampal-neuron survival. Acts as a coreceptor (CD4 being the primary receptor) for HIV-1 X4 isolates and as a primary receptor for some HIV-2 isolates. Promotes Env-mediated fusion of the virus.
Tissue specificityExpressed in numerous tissues, such as peripheral blood leukocytes, spleen, thymus, spinal cord, heart, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney, pancreas, cerebellum, cerebral cortex and medulla (in microglia as well as in astrocytes), brain microvascular, coronary artery and umbilical cord endothelial cells. Isoform 1 is predominant in all tissues tested.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in CXCR4 are a cause of WHIM syndrome (WHIM) [MIM:193670]; also known as warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, infections and myelokathexis. WHIM syndrome is an immunodeficiency disease characterized by neutropenia, hypogammaglobulinemia and extensive human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Despite the peripheral neutropenia, bone marrow aspirates from affected individuals contain abundant mature myeloid cells, a condition termed myelokathexis.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.
DomainThe amino-terminus is critical for ligand binding. Residues in all four extracellular regions contribute to HIV-1 coreceptor activity.
modificationsPhosphorylated on agonist stimulation. Rapidly phosphorylated on serine and threonine residues in the C-terminal. Phosphorylation at Ser-324 and Ser-325 leads to recruitment of ITCH, ubiquitination and protein degradation.
Ubiquitinated by ITCH at the cell membrane on agonist stimulation. The ubiquitin-dependent mechanism, endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT), then targets CXCR4 for lysosomal degradation. This process is dependent also on prior Ser-/Thr-phosphorylation in the C-terminal of CXCR4. Also binding of ARRB1 to STAM negatively regulates CXCR4 sorting to lysosomes though modulating ubiquitination of SFR5S.
Sulfation on Tyr-21 is required for efficient binding of CXCL12/SDF-1alpha and promotes its dimerization.
O- and N-glycosylated. Asn-11 is the principal site of N-glycosylation. There appears to be very little or no glycosylation on Asn-176. N-glycosylation masks coreceptor function in both X4 and R5 laboratory-adapted and primary HIV-1 strains through inhibiting interaction with their Env glycoproteins. The O-glycosylation chondroitin sulfate attachment does not affect interaction with CXCL12/SDF-1alpha nor its coreceptor activity.
Cellular localizationCell membrane. In unstimulated cells, diffuse pattern on plasma membrane. On agonist stimulation, colocalizes with ITCH at the plasma membrane where it becomes ubiquitinated.
- Information by UniProt
- C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4
- CD184 antigen
To our knowledge, customised protocols are not required for this product. Please try the standard protocols listed below and let us know how you get on.
ab263844 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.