Key features and details
- Assay type: Cell-based (qualitative)
- Detection method: Colorimetric
- Sample type: Adherent cells
- Reacts with: Human
Product nameHuman EGFR (Tyr1068) In-Cell ELISA Kit
See all EGFR kits
Sample typeAdherent cells
Assay typeCell-based (qualitative)
Assay time5h 10m
Assay durationMultiple steps standard assay
Species reactivityReacts with: Human
ab126420 is a very rapid, convenient and sensitive assay kit that can monitor the activation or function of important biological pathways in cells. It can be used for measuring the relative amount of EGFR (Tyr1068) phosphorylation and screening the effects of various treatments, inhibitors (such as siRNA or chemicals), or activators in cultured Human cell lines. By determining EGFR protein phosphorylation in your experimental model system, you can verify pathway activation in your cell lines without spending excess time and effort in preparing cell lysate and performing an analysis of Western Blot.
In the EGFR (Tyr1068) Human In-Cell ELISA Kit, cells are seeded into a 96 well tissue culture plate. The cells are fixed after various treatments, inhibitors or activators. After blocking, anti-Phospho-EGFR (Tyr1068) or anti-EGFR (primary antibody) is pipetted into the wells and incubated. The wells are washed, and HRP-conjugated anti-rabbit IgG (secondary antibody) is added to the wells. The wells are washed again, a TMB substrate solution is added to the wells and color develops in proportion to the amount of protein. The Stop Solution changes the color from blue to yellow, and the intensity of the color is measured at 450 nm.
Storage instructionsStore at -20°C. Please refer to protocols.
Components 1 x 96 tests Anti-Rabbit IgG Concentrate (Item I-1) 1 x 10µl Blocking Buffer Concentrate (5X) 1 x 20ml Fixing Solution 1 x 30ml Uncoated 96-well Microplate 1 unit Quenching Buffer Concentrate (30x) 1 x 2ml Rabbit Anti-EGFR Concentrate (Item H) 1 x 6µl Rabbit Anti-Phospho-EGFR (Tyr1068) Concentrate (Item G) 1 x 6µl Stop Solution 1 x 14ml TMB One-Step Substrate Reagent 1 x 12ml Wash Buffer A Concentrate (20X) 1 x 30ml Wash Buffer B Concentrate (20X) 1 x 30ml
FunctionReceptor tyrosine kinase binding ligands of the EGF family and activating several signaling cascades to convert extracellular cues into appropriate cellular responses. Known ligands include EGF, TGFA/TGF-alpha, amphiregulin, epigen/EPGN, BTC/betacellulin, epiregulin/EREG and HBEGF/heparin-binding EGF. Ligand binding triggers receptor homo- and/or heterodimerization and autophosphorylation on key cytoplasmic residues. The phosphorylated receptor recruits adapter proteins like GRB2 which in turn activates complex downstream signaling cascades. Activates at least 4 major downstream signaling cascades including the RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK, PI3 kinase-AKT, PLCgamma-PKC and STATs modules. May also activate the NF-kappa-B signaling cascade. Also directly phosphorylates other proteins like RGS16, activating its GTPase activity and probably coupling the EGF receptor signaling to the G protein-coupled receptor signaling. Also phosphorylates MUC1 and increases its interaction with SRC and CTNNB1/beta-catenin.
Isoform 2 may act as an antagonist of EGF action.
Tissue specificityUbiquitously expressed. Isoform 2 is also expressed in ovarian cancers.
Involvement in diseaseLung cancer
Inflammatory skin and bowel disease, neonatal, 2
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the protein kinase superfamily. Tyr protein kinase family. EGF receptor subfamily.
Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
modificationsPhosphorylation at Ser-695 is partial and occurs only if Thr-693 is phosphorylated. Phosphorylation at Thr-678 and Thr-693 by PRKD1 inhibits EGF-induced MAPK8/JNK1 activation. Dephosphorylation by PTPRJ prevents endocytosis and stabilizes the receptor at the plasma membrane. Autophosphorylation at Tyr-1197 is stimulated by methylation at Arg-1199 and enhances interaction with PTPN6. Autophosphorylation at Tyr-1092 and/or Tyr-1110 recruits STAT3. Dephosphorylated by PTPN1 and PTPN2.
Monoubiquitinated and polyubiquitinated upon EGF stimulation; which does not affect tyrosine kinase activity or signaling capacity but may play a role in lysosomal targeting. Polyubiquitin linkage is mainly through 'Lys-63', but linkage through 'Lys-48', 'Lys-11' and 'Lys-29' also occurs. Deubiquitination by OTUD7B prevents degradation. Ubiquitinated by RNF115 and RNF126.
Methylated. Methylation at Arg-1199 by PRMT5 stimulates phosphorylation at Tyr-1197.
Cellular localizationSecreted and Cell membrane. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Golgi apparatus membrane. Nucleus membrane. Endosome. Endosome membrane. Nucleus. In response to EGF, translocated from the cell membrane to the nucleus via Golgi and ER. Endocytosed upon activation by ligand. Colocalized with GPER1 in the nucleus of estrogen agonist-induced cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF).
- Information by UniProt
- Avian erythroblastic leukemia viral (v erb b) oncogene homolog
- Cell growth inhibiting protein 40
- Cell proliferation inducing protein 61
ab126420 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.