Key features and details
- Unlabeled capture antibody, biotin-labeled detection antibody and calibrated protein standard
- For economical ELISA and ELISA-based assay development
- Reacts with: Human
- Range: 31.25 pg/ml - 2000 pg/ml
Product nameHuman HLADR Matched Antibody Pair Kit
See all HLA-DR kits
Assay typeELISA set
Range31.25 pg/ml - 2000 pg/ml
Species reactivityReacts with: Human
Human HLADR Matched Antibody Pair Kits include a capture and a biotinylated detector antibody pair, along with a calibrated protein standard, suitable for sandwich ELISA. The Matched Antibody Pair Kit can be used to quantify native and recombinant human HLADR.
Optimization of the kit reagents to sample type, immunoassay format or instrumentation may be required. Guidelines for use of this kit in a standard 96-well microplate sandwich ELISA using HRP/TMB system of colorimetric detection is described in this assay procedure for the purposes of quantification.
Protocol information and tips on the use of the Matched Antibody Pair kits for sandwich ELISA can be found on our website. An accessory pack can be purchased which includes buffer reagents required to perform 10 x 96-well plate sandwich ELISAs (ab210905).
For additional information on the performance of the antibody pair used in this kit, please see our equivalent SimpleStep ELISA kit ab223593. Please note that while the antibody pair is the same provided in the corresponding SimpleStep ELISA Kit, due to differences in their formulation, this antibody pair cannot be used with the consumables provided with our SimpleStep ELISA Kits.
Tested applicationsSuitable for: ELISAmore details
Storage instructionsStore at -20°C. Please refer to protocols.
Components 5 x 96 tests Human HLADR Capture Antibody 1 x 50µg Human HLADR Detector Antibody 1 x 12.5µg Human HLADR Lyophilized Protein 1 vial
FunctionBinds peptides derived from antigens that access the endocytic route of antigen presenting cells (APC) and presents them on the cell surface for recognition by the CD4 T-cells. The peptide binding cleft accommodates peptides of 10-30 residues. The peptides presented by MHC class II molecules are generated mostly by degradation of proteins that access the endocytic route, where they are processed by lysosomal proteases and other hydrolases. Exogenous antigens that have been endocytosed by the APC are thus readily available for presentation via MHC II molecules, and for this reason this antigen presentation pathway is usually referred to as exogenous. As membrane proteins on their way to degradation in lysosomes as part of their normal turn-over are also contained in the endosomal/lysosomal compartments, exogenous antigens must compete with those derived from endogenous components. Autophagy is also a source of endogenous peptides, autophagosomes constitutively fuse with MHC class II loading compartments. In addition to APCs, other cells of the gastrointestinal tract, such as epithelial cells, express MHC class II molecules and CD74 and act as APCs, which is an unusual trait of the GI tract. To produce a MHC class II molecule that presents an antigen, three MHC class II molecules (heterodimers of an alpha and a beta chain) associate with a CD74 trimer in the ER to form an heterononamer. Soon after the entry of this complex into the endosomal/lysosomal system where antigen processing occurs, CD74 undergoes a sequential degradation by various proteases, including CTSS and CTSL, leaving a small fragment termed CLIP (class-II-associated invariant chain peptide). The removal of CLIP is facilitated by HLA-DM via direct binding to the alpha-beta-CLIP complex so that CLIP is released. HLA-DM stabilizes MHC class II molecules until primary high affinity antigenic peptides are bound. The MHC II molecule bound to a peptide is then transported to the cell membrane surface. In B-cells, the interaction between HLA-DM and MHC class II molecules is regulated by HLA-DO. Primary dendritic cells (DCs) also to express HLA-DO. Lysosomal miroenvironment has been implicated in the regulation of antigen loading into MHC II molecules, increased acidification produces increased proteolysis and efficient peptide loading.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the MHC class II family.
Contains 1 Ig-like C1-type (immunoglobulin-like) domain.
modificationsUbiquitinated by MARCH1 or MARCH8 at Lys-244 leading to down-regulation of MHC class II. When associated with ubiquitination of the beta subunit of HLA-DR: HLA-DRB4 'Lys-254', the down-regulation of MHC class II may be highly effective.
Cellular localizationCell membrane. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Golgi apparatus > trans-Golgi network membrane. Endosome membrane. Lysosome membrane. Late endosome membrane. The MHC class II complex transits through a number of intracellular compartments in the endocytic pathway until it reaches the cell membrane for antigen presentation.
- Information by UniProt
- DR alpha chain
- DR alpha chain precursor
The Abpromise guarantee
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab222266 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use at an assay dependent concentration.
Use at an assay dependent concentration.
Standard calibration curve. Background subtracted values are graphed.
To learn more about the advantages of recombinant antibodies see here.
ab222266 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.