Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab31810 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

  • Form

  • Additional notes

    - First try to dissolve a small amount of peptide in either water or buffer. The more charged residues on a peptide, the more soluble it is in aqueous solutions.
    - If the peptide doesn’t dissolve try an organic solvent e.g. DMSO, then dilute using water or buffer.
    - Consider that any solvent used must be compatible with your assay. If a peptide does not dissolve and you need to recover it, lyophilise to remove the solvent.
    - Gentle warming and sonication can effectively aid peptide solubilisation. If the solution is cloudy or has gelled the peptide may be in suspension rather than solubilised.
    - Peptides containing cysteine are easily oxidised, so should be prepared in solution just prior to use.

  • Concentration information loading...

Preparation and Storage

  • Stability and Storage

    Shipped at 4°C. Upon delivery aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.

    Information available upon request.

General Info

  • Alternative names

    • Cellular thyroid hormone binding protein
    • Cellular thyroid hormone-binding protein
    • Collagen prolyl 4 hydroxylase beta
    • Disulphide Isomerase
    • DSI
    • EC
    • Endoplasmic reticulum resident protein 59
    • ER protein 59
    • ERBA2L
    • ERp59
    • GIT
    • Gltathione insulin transhydrogenase
    • Glutathione insulin transhydrogenase
    • P4HB
    • P4Hbeta
    • p55
    • PDI
    • PDIA1
    • PDIR
    • PHDB
    • PO4DB
    • PO4HB
    • Procollagen proline 2 oxoglutarate 4 dioxygenase (proline 4 hydroxylase) beta polypeptide (protein disulfide isomerase associated 1)
    • Procollagen proline 2 oxoglutarate 4 dioxygenase beta subunit
    • PROHB
    • Prolyl 4 hydroxylase beta polypeptide
    • Prolyl 4 hydroxylase beta subunit
    • Prolyl 4 hydroxylase subunit beta
    • Prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit beta
    • Protein disulfide isomerase associated 1
    • Protein disulfide isomerase, family A, member 1
    • Protein disulfide isomerase/oxidoreductase
    • Protein disulfide-isomerase
    • Protocollagen hydroxylase
    • Thbp
    • Thyroid hormone binding protein p55
    • Thyroid hormone binding protein p55 cellular
    • V erb a avian erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene homolog 2 like
    see all
  • Function

    This multifunctional protein catalyzes the formation, breakage and rearrangement of disulfide bonds. At the cell surface, seems to act as a reductase that cleaves disulfide bonds of proteins attached to the cell. May therefore cause structural modifications of exofacial proteins. Inside the cell, seems to form/rearrange disulfide bonds of nascent proteins. At high concentrations, functions as a chaperone that inhibits aggregation of misfolded proteins. At low concentrations, facilitates aggregation (anti-chaperone activity). May be involved with other chaperones in the structural modification of the TG precursor in hormone biogenesis. Also acts a structural subunit of various enzymes such as prolyl 4-hydroxylase and microsomal triacylglycerol transfer protein MTTP.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the protein disulfide isomerase family.
    Contains 2 thioredoxin domains.
  • Cellular localization

    Endoplasmic reticulum lumen. Melanosome. Cell membrane. Highly abundant. In some cell types, seems to be also secreted or associated with the plasma membrane, where it undergoes constant shedding and replacement from intracellular sources (Probable). Localizes near CD4-enriched regions on lymphoid cell surfaces. Identified by mass spectrometry in melanosome fractions from stage I to stage IV.
  • Information by UniProt


ab31810 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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