Product nameHuman PML knockout HeLa cell lysate
See all PML Protein kits
Access thousands of knockout cell lysates, generated from commonly used cancer cell lines.
See here for more information on knockout cell lysates.
User storage instructions: After reconstitution, store the lysate at -80°C.
Parental Cell LineHeLa
Mutation descriptionKnockout achieved by using CRISPR/Cas9, Homozygous: 1 bp insertion in exon 1.
Knockout validationSanger Sequencing, Western Blot (WB)
Reconstitution notesTo use as WB control, resuspend the lyophilizate in 50 µL of LDS* Sample Buffer to have a final concentration of 2 mg/ml. For reducing conditions, we recommend a final concentration of 0.1 M DTT.
*Usage of SDS sample buffer is not recommended with these lyophilized lysates.
Abcam has not and does not intend to apply for the REACH Authorisation of customers’ uses of products that contain European Authorisation list (Annex XIV) substances.
It is the responsibility of our customers to check the necessity of application of REACH Authorisation, and any other relevant authorisations, for their intended uses.
This product is subject to limited use licenses from The Broad Institute, ERS Genomics Limited and Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC, and is developed with patented technology. For full details of the licenses and patents please refer to our limited use license and patent pages.
Tested applicationsSuitable for: WBmore details
Storage instructionsStore at -80°C. Please refer to protocols.
Components 1 kit Human PML knockout HeLa cell lysate (Lyophilized) 1 x 100µg Human Wild Type HeLa cell lysate (Lyophilized) 1 x 100µg
STR AnalysisAmelogenin X D5S818: 11, 12 D13S317: 12, 13.3 D7S820: 8, 12 D16S539: 9, 10 vWA: 16, 18 TH01: 7 TPOX: 8, 12 CSF1PO: 9, 10
FunctionKey component of PML nuclear bodies that regulate a large number of cellular processes by facilitating post-translational modification of target proteins, promoting protein-protein contacts, or by sequestering proteins. Functions as tumor suppressor. Required for normal, caspase-dependent apoptosis in response to DNA damage, FAS, TNF, or interferons. Plays a role in transcription regulation, DNA damage response, DNA repair and chromatin organization. Plays a role in processes regulated by retinoic acid, regulation of cell division, terminal differentiation of myeloid precursor cells and differentiation of neural progenitor cells. Required for normal immunity to microbial infections. Plays a role in antiviral response. In the cytoplasm, plays a role in TGFB1-dependent processes. Regulates p53/TP53 levels by inhibiting its ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Regulates activation of p53/TP53 via phosphorylation at 'Ser-20'. Sequesters MDM2 in the nucleolus after DNA damage, and thereby inhibits ubiquitination and degradation of p53/TP53. Regulates translation of HIF1A by sequestering MTOR, and thereby plays a role in neoangiogenesis and tumor vascularization. Regulates RB1 phosphorylation and activity. Required for normal development of the brain cortex during embryogenesis. Can sequester herpes virus and varicella virus proteins inside PML bodies, and thereby inhibit the formation of infectious viral particles. Regulates phosphorylation of ITPR3 and plays a role in the regulation of calcium homeostasis at the endoplasmic reticulum (By similarity). Regulates transcription activity of ELF4. Inhibits specifically the activity of the tetrameric form of PKM2. Together with SATB1, involved in local chromatin-loop remodeling and gene expression regulation at the MHC-I locus. Regulates PTEN compartmentalization through the inhibition of USP7-mediated deubiquitinylation.
Involvement in diseaseNote=A chromosomal aberration involving PML may be a cause of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Translocation t(15;17)(q21;q21) with RARA. The PML breakpoints (type A and type B) lie on either side of an alternatively spliced exon.
Sequence similaritiesContains 2 B box-type zinc fingers.
Contains 1 RING-type zinc finger.
DomainInteracts with PKM2 via its coiled-coil domain.
Binds arsenic via the RING-type zinc finger.
modificationsUbiquitinated; mediated by RNF4, SIAH1 or SIAH2 and leading to subsequent proteasomal degradation. 'Lys-6'-, 'Lys-11'-, 'Lys-48'- and 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitination by RNF4 is polysumoylation-dependent.
Undergoes 'Lys-11'-linked sumoylation. Sumoylation on all three sites is required for nuclear body formation. Sumoylation on Lys-160 is a prerequisite for sumoylation on Lys-65. The PML-RARA fusion protein requires the coiled-coil domain for sumoylation. Desumoylated by SENP2 and SENP6. Arsenic induces PML and PML-RARA oncogenic fusion proteins polysumoylation and their subsequent RNF4-dependent ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation, and is used as treatment in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).
Phosphorylated in response to DNA damage, probably by ATR.
Acetylation may promote sumoylation and enhance induction of apoptosis.
Cellular localizationNucleus > nucleoplasm. Cytoplasm. Nucleus > PML body. Nucleus > nucleolus. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Early endosome membrane. Sumoylated forms localize to the PML nuclear bodies. The B1 box and the RING finger are also required for this nuclear localization. Isoforms lacking a nuclear localization signal are cytoplasmic. Detected in the nucleolus after DNA damage. Sequestered in the cytoplasm by interaction with rabies virus phosphoprotein.
- Information by UniProt
- Acure promyelocytic leukemia, inducer of
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab257081 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|WB||Use at an assay dependent concentration. Predicted molecular weight: 98 kDa.|
Lane 1: Wild-type HeLa cell lysate (20 µg)
Lane 2: PML knockout HeLa cell lysate (20 µg)
Lane 3: 293T cell lysate (20 µg)
ab179466 Anti-PML Protein antibody [EPR16792] was shown to specifically react with PML Protein in wild-type HeLa cells. Loss of signal was observed when knockout cell line ab261811 (knockout cell lysate ab257081) was used. Wild-type and PML Protein knockout samples were subjected to SDS-PAGE. ab179466 and Anti-GAPDH antibody [6C5] - Loading Control (ab8245) were incubated overnight at 4°C at 1 in 1000 dilution and 1 in 20000 dilution respectively. Blots were developed with Goat anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (IRDye® 800CW) preadsorbed (ab216773) and Goat anti-Mouse IgG H&L (IRDye® 680RD) preadsorbed (ab216776) secondary antibodies at 1 in 10000 dilution for 1 hour at room temperature before imaging.
Homozygous: 1 bp insertion in exon 1
To our knowledge, customised protocols are not required for this product. Please try the standard protocols listed below and let us know how you get on.
ab257081 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.