Product nameHuman STAT1 knockout HeLa cell lysate
See all STAT1 kits
Cell line information
Parental cell line: HeLa
Organism: Homo sapiens
Gene editing information
Editing tool: CRISPR/Cas9
Mutation: 14 bp deletion in exon4 and 1 bp deletion in exon4 and 5 bp deletion in exon4.
Knockout validation: Confirmed by Sanger sequencing and WB.
Reconstitution instructions: To use as a WB control, resuspend in 45 µL of Sample buffer (40% (w/v) Glycerol, 4% (w/v) Lithium Dodecyl Sulfate, 4% Ficoll 400, 0.025% Phenol Red, 0.025% Brilliant Blue G250, 2 mM EDTA) and 5 µL of DTT to resuspend @ 2mg/ml. Mix well, then boil the sample for 10 minutes before loading it onto the gel.
User storage instructions: Upon receiving, lysate can be diluted with 1 x SDS sample buffer & will be stable at -20°C for 12 months. Long term storage at -80°C.
Knockout validationSanger Sequencing, Western Blot (WB)
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It is the responsibility of our customers to check the necessity of application of REACH Authorisation, and any other relevant authorisations, for their intended uses.
This product is subject to limited use licenses from The Broad Institute and ERS Genomics Limited, and is developed with patented technology. For full details of the limited use licenses and relevant patents please refer to our limited use license and patent pages.
Tested applicationsSuitable for: WBmore details
Storage instructionsStore at -80°C. Please refer to protocols.
Components 1 kit Human STAT1 knockout HeLa cell lysate (Lyophilized) 1 x 100µg Human Wild Type HeLa cell lysate (Lyophilized) 1 x 100µg
FunctionSignal transducer and activator of transcription that mediates signaling by interferons (IFNs). Following type I IFN (IFN-alpha and IFN-beta) binding to cell surface receptors, Jak kinases (TYK2 and JAK1) are activated, leading to tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT1 and STAT2. The phosphorylated STATs dimerize, associate with ISGF3G/IRF-9 to form a complex termed ISGF3 transcription factor, that enters the nucleus. ISGF3 binds to the IFN stimulated response element (ISRE) to activate the transcription of interferon stimulated genes, which drive the cell in an antiviral state. In response to type II IFN (IFN-gamma), STAT1 is tyrosine- and serine-phosphorylated. It then forms a homodimer termed IFN-gamma-activated factor (GAF), migrates into the nucleus and binds to the IFN gamma activated sequence (GAS) to drive the expression of the target genes, inducing a cellular antiviral state.
Involvement in diseaseNote=STAT1 deficiency results in impaired immune response leading to severe mycobacterial and viral diseases. In the case of complete deficiency, patients can die of viral disease.
Defects in STAT1 are a cause of mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease (MSMD) [MIM:209950]; also known as familial disseminated atypical mycobacterial infection. This rare condition confers predisposition to illness caused by moderately virulent mycobacterial species, such as Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine and environmental non-tuberculous mycobacteria, and by the more virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Other microorganisms rarely cause severe clinical disease in individuals with susceptibility to mycobacterial infections, with the exception of Salmonella which infects less than 50% of these individuals. The pathogenic mechanism underlying MSMD is the impairment of interferon-gamma mediated immunity whose severity determines the clinical outcome. Some patients die of overwhelming mycobacterial disease with lepromatous-like lesions in early childhood, whereas others develop, later in life, disseminated but curable infections with tuberculoid granulomas. MSMD is a genetically heterogeneous disease with autosomal recessive, autosomal dominant or X-linked inheritance.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the transcription factor STAT family.
Contains 1 SH2 domain.
modificationsPhosphorylated on tyrosine and serine residues in response to IFN-alpha, IFN-gamma, PDGF and EGF. Phosphorylation on Tyr-701 (lacking in beta form) by JAK promotes dimerization and subsequent translocation to the nucleus. Phosphorylation on Ser-727 by several kinases including MAPK14, ERK1/2 and CAMKII on IFN-gamma stimulation, regulates STAT1 transcriptional activity. Phosphorylation on Ser-727 promotes sumoylation though increasing interaction with PIAS. Phosphorylation on Ser-727 by PKCdelta induces apoptosis in response to DNA-damaging agents.
Sumoylated by SUMO1, SUMO2 and SUMO3. Sumoylation is enhanced by IFN-gamma-induced phosphorylation on Ser-727, and by interaction with PIAS proteins. Enhances the transactivation activity.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Nucleus. Translocated into the nucleus in response to IFN-gamma-induced tyrosine phosphorylation and dimerization.
- Information by UniProt
- Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 91kD
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab263837 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|WB||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
Lane 1: Wild-type Hap1 wildtype cell lysate (20 µg)
Lane 2: STAT1 knockout Hap1 knockout cell lysate (20 µg)
Lane 3: Wild-type HeLa cell lysate (20 µg)
Lane 4: STAT1 knockout HeLa cell lysate (20 µg)
Lanes 1 - 4: Merged signal (red and green). Green - ab109320 observed at 90 kDa. Red - loading control, ab8245 observed at 37 kDa.
ab109320 was shown to react with STAT1 in wild-type HeLa cells. Loss of signal was observed when knockout sample ab263837 was used. Wild-type and STAT1 knockout samples were subjected to SDS-PAGE. ab109320 and Anti-GAPDH antibody [6C5] - Loading Control (ab8245) were incubated overnight at 4°C at 1 in 10000 dilution and 1 in 20000 dilution respectively. Blots were developed with Goat anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (IRDye® 800CW) preadsorbed (ab216773) and Goat anti-Mouse IgG H&L (IRDye® 680RD) preadsorbed (ab216776) secondary antibodies at 1 in 20000 dilution for 1 hour at room temperature before imaging.
Allel-1: 14 bp deletion in exon4
Allel-2: 5 bp deletion in exon4
Allel-3: 1 bp deletion in exon4
To our knowledge, customised protocols are not required for this product. Please try the standard protocols listed below and let us know how you get on.
ab263837 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.