Key features and details
- Assay type: Direct
- Detection method: Fluorescent
- Platform: Flow cytometer
- Assay time: 20 min
- Sample type: Adherent cells, Suspension cells
Product nameJC-10 Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Assay Kit (Flow Cytometry)
See all Mitochondrial Membrane Potential kits
Sample typeAdherent cells, Suspension cells
Assay time0h 20m
JC-10 Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Assay Kit ab112133 is designed for use with flow cytometry, and it provides the most robust assay method for monitoring changes in mitochondrial membrane potential.
The assay is based on the detection of the mitochondrial membrane potential changes in cells by the cationic, lipophilic JC-10 dye. In normal cells, JC-10 concentrates in the mitochondrial matrix where it forms red fluorescent aggregates. However, in apoptotic and necrotic cells, JC-10 diffuses out of mitochondria, changes to a monomeric form and stains cells with green fluorescence.
Although JC-1 is widely used in many labs, its poor water solubility causes great inconvenience. Even at 1 µM concentration, JC-1 tends to precipitate in aqueous buffer. Compared to JC-1, JC-10 has much better water solubility.
JC-10 selectively enters mitochondria, and reversibly changes its color from green to orange-red as membrane potentials increase. This property is due to the reversible formation of JC-10 aggregates upon membrane polarization which cause a shifts in emitted light from 520 nm (the emission of JC-10 monomeric form) to 570 nm (the emission of JC-10-aggregate form). When excited at 490 nm, the color of JC-10 changes reversibly from green to greenish orange as the mitochondrial membrane becomes more polarized.
In normal cells, JC-10 concentrates in the mitochondrial matrix where it forms red fluorescent aggregates. However, in apoptotic and necrotic cells, JC-10 exists in monomeric form and stains cells green. The green emission can be analyzed in fluorescence channel 1 (FL1) and greenish orange emission in channel 2 (FL2). Both colors can be detected using the filters commonly mounted in all flow cytometers. Besides its use in flow cytometry, it can also be used in fluorescence imaging and fluorescence microplate platform.
JC-10 assay protocol summary:
- add JC-10 staining solution to experimentally treated cells
- incubate cells for 15-60 min
- analyze wth flow cytometer
If you would like to use JC-10 on a microplate reader, we recommend JC-10 Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Assay Kit (Microplate) (ab112134).
Review the metabolism assay guide to learn about assays for metabolites, metabolic enzymes, mitochondrial function, and oxidative stress, and also about how to assay metabolic function in live cells using your plate reader.
Storage instructionsStore at -20°C. Please refer to protocols.
Components 100 tests 200X JC-10 in DMSO 1 x 250µl Assay Buffer A 1 x 50ml
RelevanceMitochondrial Membrane Potential is an important parameter of mitochondrial function used as an indicator of cell death. The collapse of the mitochondrial Membrane potential coincides with the opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pores, leading to the release of cytochrome c into the cytosol, which in turn triggers other downstream events in the apoptotic cascade.
- mitochondrial membrane potential
JC-10 Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Assay Kit (Flow Cytometry) (ab112133) was used to measure the effect of FCCP induced mitochondria membrane potential change in Jurkat cells by Flow Cytometry. Jurkat cells were dye loaded with JC-10 dye-loading solution along with DMSO (Top) or 5 µM FCCP (Low) for 10 minutes. The fluorescent intensities for both J-aggregates and monomeric forms of JC-10 were measured with a flow cytometer using FL1 and FL2 channels. Uncompensated data (left column) were compared with compensated data (right column).
ab112133 has been referenced in 4 publications.
- Bellanti F et al. Inhibition of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 promotes hepatic progenitor cell activation and differentiation. NPJ Regen Med 6:28 (2021). PubMed: 34039998
- Condelli V et al. Targeting TRAP1 as a downstream effector of BRAF cytoprotective pathway: a novel strategy for human BRAF-driven colorectal carcinoma. Oncotarget 6:22298-309 (2015). PubMed: 26084290
- Khurana S et al. Antiapoptotic actions of methyl gallate on neonatal rat cardiac myocytes exposed to H2O2. Oxid Med Cell Longev 2014:657512 (2014). Flow Cyt ; Rat . PubMed: 24672637
- Liu Z et al. Potent Half-Sandwich Iridium(III) Anticancer Complexes Containing C(?)N-Chelated and Pyridine Ligands. Organometallics 33:5324-5333 (2014). PubMed: 25328266