Product nameAnti-Lefty antibody
See all Lefty primary antibodies
DescriptionRabbit polyclonal to Lefty
SpecificityThis antibody has been tested against recombinant protein only (human LeftyA and mouse Lefty1). I is expected to cross react with Human LeftyB as there is 100% homology of the immunogen with Human LeftyB.
Tested applicationsSuitable for: WB, ICC/IF, IHC-Pmore details
Species reactivityReacts with: Mouse, Human
- recombinant Lefty1/ LeftyA
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
Storage bufferPreservative: 0.02% Sodium Azide
Constituents: 1% BSA, PBS, pH 7.4
Concentration information loading...
PurityImmunogen affinity purified
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab22569 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
IHC-P: 1/1000. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
WB: Use at a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Detects a bands of approximately 44, 38 and 34 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 41 kDa).
Not yet tested in other applications.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
RelevanceDuring vertebrate embryogenesis, a left right axis is established. Secreted growth factors of the TGF beta family, including gene products derived from nodal, lefty 1 and lefty 2, play crucial roles in establishing left right asymmetries. TGF beta (Transforming growth factor beta) is a pleiotropic cytokine that regulates growth and differentiation of diverse types of cells. TGF beta actions are directed by ligand induced activation of TGF beta receptors. Complexes formed move into the nucleus, where they act as components of a transcriptional complex. Lefty, a novel member of the TGF beta superfamily, inhibits TGF beta signaling. Lefty acts to inhibit phosphorylation of Smad2 following activation of the TGF beta receptor. Lefty also inhibits events downstream from R Smad phosphorylation. Lefty provides a repressed state of TGF beta responsive genes. The Lefty family is comprised of Lefty 1 and Lefty 2 in mouse, and Lefty A and Lefty B in humans. Members of the TGF beta superfamily require processing for their activation. Cleavage is therefore an essential step for Lefty activation. Lefty is synthesized as a large inactive precursor (41 Kda) that must be endoproteolytically processed to release the bioactive polypeptide (28 kDa and 34 kDa forms). The 28kDa form induces MAPK activity.
- AI450052 antibody
- Ebaf antibody
- Left right determination factor 1 antibody
ICC/IF image of ab22569 stained mouse embryonic stem cells. The cells were 4% PFA fixed (10 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab22569, 1µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue).
All lanes : Anti-Lefty antibody (ab22569) at 1 µg/ml
Lane 1 : Mouse Lefty1 Recombinant Protein
Lane 2 : Human LeftyA Recombinant Protein
Lysates/proteins at 0.01 µg per lane.
All lanes : Rabbit IgG secondary antibody (ab28446) at 1/10000 dilution
Predicted band size: 41 kDa
Observed band size: 34,38,44 kDa why is the actual band size different from the predicted?
The mouse recombinant Lefty protein consists of two bands of ~34 and 12 kDa. Of these, ab22569 recognises the 34 kDa band. The human recombinant Lefty protein consists of three bands of 44, 38 and 34 kDa. Of these, the first two are recognised by ab22569. The protein sizes differ from the expected molecular weight of Lefty due to proteolytic processing and glycosylation.
This product has been referenced in:
- Xu C et al. Lefty1 alleviates renal tubulointerstitial injury in mice with unilateral ureteral obstruction. Mol Med Rep 13:901-8 (2016). IHC-P ; Mouse . Read more (PubMed: 26647776) »
- Yoon SJ et al. HEB associates with PRC2 and SMAD2/3 to regulate developmental fates. Nat Commun 6:6546 (2015). WB, IP ; Mouse . Read more (PubMed: 25775035) »