• Product name
    MitoBiogenesis™ In-Cell ELISA Kit (IR)
    See all MitoBiogenesis kits
  • Detection method
  • Sample type
    Adherent cells
  • Assay type
    Cell-based (quantitative)
  • Assay duration
    Multiple steps standard assay
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Cow, Human
  • Product overview

    For identifying inhibitors and activators of mitochondrial biogenesis in adherent cultured cells. Each kit contains sufficient reagents to analyze two 96-well plates of fixed human, rat, mouse, or bovine cells. This kit utilizes IRDyes® for detection, and so requires a LI-COR® Odyssey® or Aerius® imaging system. An alternate colorimetric version of this kit is available for use with standard plate readers - MitoBiogenesis™ In-Cell ELISA Kit (Colorimetric) (ab110217/MS643).

    In-Cell ELISA Kits use quantitative immunocytochemistry to measure protein levels or post-translational modifications in cultured cells. Cells are fixed in a 96-well plate and targets of interest are detected with highly-specific, well-characterized monoclonal antibodies, and levels are quantified with IRDye®-labeled Secondary Antibodies. IR imaging and quantitation is performed using a LI-COR® Odyssey® or Aerius® system.

    ab110215 (MS642) is designed to measure drug-induced effects on mitochondrial biogenesis early in the safety screening process. The MitoBiogenesis™ In-Cell ELISA Kit is a true duplexing 96/384-well assay that ratios both an mtDNA- and an nDNA-encoded protein in cultured or primary cells, and which requires very little sample prep and few overall steps.

    Cells (human, rat or mouse) are seeded in 96- or 384-well microplates, and after exposure to experimental compounds for several cell doublings, the levels of two mitochondrial proteins are measured simultaneously in each well. The two proteins are each subunits of a different oxidative phosphorylation enzyme complex, one protein being subunit I of Complex IV (COX-I), which is mtDNA-encoded, and the other being the 70 kDa subunit of Complex II (SDH-A), which is nDNA-encoded. Complex IV includes several proteins which are encoded in the mitochondrion, while the proteins of Complex II are entirely encoded in the nucleus. Optionally, total protein levels can also be measured.

    LI-COR®, Odyssey®, Aerius®, IRDye™ and In-Cell Western™ are registered trademarks or trademarks of LI-COR Biosciences Inc


    Plates are available in our ICE (In-Cell ELISA) Support Pack (ab111542) which can be bought seperately

  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: In-Cell ELISAmore details
  • Platform



Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab110216 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
In-Cell ELISA Use at an assay dependent dilution.


  • Inhibition of mitochondrial biogenesis by chloramphenicol The IC50 of a drug's effect on mitochondrial protein translation can be determined quickly using the MitoBiogenesis™ In-Cell ELISA Kit (IR). In this example, cells were seeded at 3000 cells/well, allowed to grow for 3 cell doublings in a drug dilution series and then the relative amounts of COX-I, and SDH-A were measured in each well. Chloramphenicol inhibits mtDNA-encoded COX-I protein synthesis relative to nuclear DNA-encoded SDH-A protein synthesis by 50% at 3.5 µM.
  • Assay reproducibility demonstrated by experiments conducted on three separate days. HepG2 cells were grown for 7 days in the presence of 10 µM chloramphenicol and then measured in duplicate on 3 different days using the MitoBiogenesis™ In-Cell ELISA Kit. The assay was able to record inhibition of mitochondrial biogenesis with an average intra-day CV of 2.3% and an average day-to-day CV of 1.9%.
  • Visual representation of inhibition of mtDNA-encoded protein synthesis. Visually-imaged levels of mtDNA-encoded COX-I are shown in the green 800 channel while levels of nuclear DNA-encoded SDH-A are shown in the red 700 channel. The merged image shows the relative ratios of COX-I/SDH-A protein expression in each microwell. Wells with normal levels of both proteins exhibit a yellow merged color due to approximately equal red and green signals. In contrast, wells with low levels of COX-I and normal levels of SDH-A exhibit an orange color due to the relative lack of green (COX-I) fluorescence. The specific inhibition of mtDNA-encoded protein synthesis by chloramphenicol is thus easily observed.
  • Quantitative measurement of the COX-I/SDH-A protein expression ratio. At all cell concentrations, a constant ratio of mtDNA-encoded protein expression (COX-I) to nuclear DNA-encoded mitochondrial protein expression (SDH-A) is observed in untreated cells. Therefore, normalizing COX-I levels to SDH-A levels simplifies data analysis and eliminates the need to perform all tests at the same cell concentration.
  • Antibody specificity demonstrated by immunocytochemistry. Two-color immunocytochemical labeling of cultured cells with the two MS642 primary monoclonal antibodies specific for COX-I and SDH-A. The two antibodies exhibit striking and specific co-localization in the mitochondria, consistent with the known mitochondrial expression of both proteins.
  • Antibody specificity demonstrated by Western Blot. A Western blot of total cell protein (10 µg) from human or rat cultured cells was probed with the primary and secondary antibodies and scanned with a LI-COR® Odyssey® imager. The two mitochondrial proteins targeted by the two primary mAbs were labeled and visualized specifically despite the presence of thousands of other proteins. Furthermore, reduction of mtDNA levels in human Rho0 (mtDNA-depleted) cells, or inhibition of mitochondrial protein translation by chloramphenicol in rat cells both result in specific reduction of COX-I protein while nuclear DNA-encoded SDH-A is unaffected.
  • Cells are grown to ~80% confluency in a 96- or 384-well plate, a drug/other treatment is applied to stimulate a cellular response. The cells are then fixed and permeabilized, effectively "freezing" them. Primary antibodies are then added which bind to their intended targets within the mitochondria or other subcellular compartment. After incubation, the unbound primary antibodies are washed away and secondary antibodies are added. These secondaries are conjugated to either IRDyes® or to an enzyme label (HRP or AP) for the colorimetric versions of the assays. Unbound secondaries are washed away, reaction buffer is added for the colorimetric assays, and the signal is read on a suitable instrument for the kit type.
    » In-cell ELISA diagram in PDF format



This product has been referenced in:
  • Feng JY  et al. Role of the Mitochondrial RNA Polymerase in the Toxicity of Nucleotide Inhibitors of the Hepatitis C Virus. Antimicrob Agents Chemother N/A:N/A (2015). Human . Read more (PubMed: 26596942) »
  • Feng JY  et al. Inhibition of Hepatitis C Virus Replication by GS-6620, a Potent C-Nucleoside Monophosphate Prodrug. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 58:1930-42 (2014). In-Cell ELISA ; Human . Read more (PubMed: 24419349) »

See all 4 Publications for this product

Customer reviews and Q&As


Excellent Excellent 5/5 (Ease of Use)
This assay kit is easy to use, we can use 96-well plate or 384 well plate. HepG2 cells were seeded at 3000 cells/well in 96 well plates, allowed to grow for 7 days with a serial dilution of chloramphenicol, and then the relative amounts of COX-I, and SDH-A were measured in each well on the Licor Odyssey, Chloramphenicol inhibits mtDNA-encoded COX-I protein synthesis relative to nuclear DNA-encoded SDH-A protein synthesis by 50% at 5.36 µM.

Abcam user community

Verified customer

Submitted Aug 16 2017

The laboratory uses the Li-Cor Odyssey (TM) imager for detection of ab110216 but the assay is also available in a standard fluorescent format, ab140359, and colorimetric, ab110217.

Looking at your data the results do look pretty good and the kit is performing as expected. Looking over the your questions I would like to emphasis that these kits are developed at different times so there are slight variations in experiment...

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Thank you for your reply.

The WB looks great now - with the bright band at around 37 kDa. The band at the higher MW is very faint and seems to be specific to your sample or sample preparation as the mitochondrial control lysate does not have t...

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Thank you for your reply.

The lab sent me the following information to your questions:

1) Do you have some reference for rat or mouse data?

We used the kit in house on h9c2 rat cells. Both antibodies are rat and mouse reacti...

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Thank you for your email.

Cow is another tested species.
I am checking with the lab regarding references or data for mouse/rat, as well as if the kit can be used with primary cells or tissue.

I will be in touch when I hear back fr...

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Oh, I see.

The bovine heart mito lysate was prepared with iso-osmotic buffer, thus without detergent - so that it can be used for various experiments not just WB.

Additional information as per datasheet:
2 mg of bovine heart mitoc...

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Thank you for your reply.

The lab let me know in the meantime that they think you have used too much bovine heart mito lysate. Usually, the loading amount for the bovine heart mito lysate should be at least one tenth of the cell lysates. The b...

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Thank you for your email.

Was the bovine heart mitochondrial lysate also prepared with 8M urea?

I am not sure if this is what the lab recommends for denaturing. I think regular loading buffer with 1% SDS would be recommended (Laemmli ...

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Thank you for contacting us.

The lysate I am sending you free of charge is just that - a lysate (ab110338, Bovine Heart Mitochondrial lysate, https://www.abcam.com/bovine-heart-mitochondrial-lysate-ab110338.html)

You would load it ont...

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