• Product name
    MitoBiogenesis™ In-Cell ELISA Kit (Colorimetric)
    See all MitoBiogenesis kits
  • Detection method
  • Sample type
    Adherent cells
  • Assay type
    Cell-based (quantitative)
  • Assay duration
    Multiple steps standard assay
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Cow, Human
  • Product overview

    For identifying inhibitors and activators of mitochondrial biogenesis in adherent cultured cells. Each kit contains sufficient reagents to analyze two 96-well plates of fixed human, rat, mouse, or bovine cells. This kit utilizes colorimetric detection for use with standard plate readers. An alternate IR version of this kit is available which utilizes LI-COR® near-infrared IRDyes® for detection - MitoBiogenesis™ In-Cell ELISA Kit (IR) (ab110216/MS642).


    In-Cell ELISA Kits use quantitative immunocytochemistry to measure protein levels or post-translational modifications in cultured cells. Cells are fixed in a 96-well plate and targets of interest are detected with highly specific, well-characterized monoclonal antibodies and levels are quantified with enzyme-labeled secondary antibodies.


    ab110216 MitoBiogenesis™ In-Cell ELISA Kit (ab110216/MS643) is designed to measure drug-induced effects on mitochondrial biogenesis early in the safety screening process. ab110216 MitoBiogenesis™ In-Cell ELISA Kit is a true duplexing 96/384-well assay that ratios both an mtDNA- and an nDNA-encoded protein in cultured or primary cells, and which requires very little sample prep and few overall steps.


    Cells (human, rat or mouse) are seeded in 96- or 384-well microplates, and after exposure to experimental compounds for several cell doublings, the levels of two mitochondrial proteins are measured simultaneously in each well. The two proteins are each subunits of a different oxidative phosphorylation enzyme complex, one protein being subunit I of Complex IV (COX-I), which is mtDNA-encoded, and the other being the 70kDa subunit of Complex II (SDH-A), which is nDNA-encoded. Complex IV includes several proteins which are encoded in the mitochondrion, while the proteins of Complex II are entirely encoded in the nucleus. Optionally, total protein levels can also be measured.


    LI-COR®, Odyssey®, Aerius® and IRDye® are registered trademarks of LI-COR Biosciences Inc


    Plates are available in our ICE (In-Cell ELISA) Support Pack (ab111542) which can be bought seperately.

  • Notes

    Related products

    Review the mitochondrial assay guide, or the full metabolism assay guide to learn about more assays for metabolites, metabolic enzymes, mitochondrial function, and oxidative stress, and also how to assay metabolic function in live cells using your plate reader.

  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: In-Cell ELISAmore details
  • Platform


  • Storage instructions
    Store at +4°C. Please refer to protocols.
  • Components 2 x 96 tests
    100X Triton X-100 1 x 1.5ml
    10X Blocking Buffer 1 x 15ml
    10X Phosphate Buffered Saline 1 x 100ml
    1X AP Development Solution 1 x 24ml
    1X HRP Development Solution 1 x 24ml
    200X Primary Antibodies 1 x 0.1ml
    2500X AP-labeled Secondary Antibody 1 x 12µl
    2500X HRP-labeled Secondary Antibody 1 x 12µl
    400X Tween-20 1 x 2ml
    AP Development Reagent 1 x 139mg
    1X Janus Green Stain 1 x 17ml
    Plate Seals 2 units
  • Research areas
  • Alternative names
    • MS641
    • MS642
    • MS643
    • MS644

Associated products


Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab110217 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
In-Cell ELISA Use at an assay dependent dilution.


  • Antibody specificity demonstrated by Western Blot. A Western blot of total cell protein (10 µg) from human or rat cultured cells was probed with the primary and secondary antibodies and scanned with a LI-COR® Odyssey® imager. The two mitochondrial proteins targeted by the two primary mAbs were labeled and visualized specifically despite the presence of thousands of other proteins. Furthermore, reduction of mtDNA levels in human Rho0 (mtDNA-depleted) cells, or inhibition of mitochondrial protein translation by chloramphenicol in rat cells both result in specific reduction of COX-I protein while nuclear DNA-encoded SDH-A is unaffected.
  • Quantitative measurement of the COX-I/SDH-A protein expression ratio. At all cell concentrations, a consistent ratio of mtDNA-encoded protein expression (COX-I) to nuclear DNA-encoded mitochondrial protein expression (SDH-A) is observed in untreated cells. Therefore, normalizing COX-I levels to SDH-A levels simplifies data analysis and eliminates the need to perform all tests at the same cell concentration.
  • Antibody specificity demonstrated by immunocytochemistry. Two-color immunocytochemical labeling of cultured cells with the two MS643 primary monoclonal antibodies specific for COX-I and SDH-A. The two antibodies exhibit striking and specific co-localization in the mitochondria, consistent with the known mitochondrial expression of both proteins.
  • Inhibition of mitochondrial biogenesis by chloramphenicol The IC50 of a drug's effect on mitochondrial protein translation can be determined quickly using the MitoBiogenesis™ In-Cell ELISA Kit. In this example, cells were seeded at 6000 cells/well, allowed to grow for 3 cell doublings in a drug dilution series and then the relative amounts of COX-I, and SDH-A were measured in each well. Chloramphenicol inhibits mtDNA-encoded COX-I protein synthesis relative to nuclear DNA-encoded SDH-A protein synthesis by 50% at 8.1 µM.
  • Cells are grown to ~80% confluency in a 96- or 384-well plate, a drug/other treatment is applied to stimulate a cellular response. The cells are then fixed and permeabilized, effectively "freezing" them. Primary antibodies are then added which bind to their intended targets within the mitochondria or other subcellular compartment. After incubation, the unbound primary antibodies are washed away and secondary antibodies are added. These secondaries are conjugated to either IRDyes® or to an enzyme label (HRP or AP) for the colorimetric versions of the assays. Unbound secondaries are washed away, reaction buffer is added for the colorimetric assays, and the signal is read on a suitable instrument for the kit type.
    » In-cell ELISA diagram in PDF format



This product has been referenced in:
  • Khdour OM  et al. Lipophilic methylene blue analogues enhance mitochondrial function and increase frataxin levels in a cellular model of Friedreich's ataxia. Bioorg Med Chem 26:3359-3369 (2018). Read more (PubMed: 29773347) »
  • Wang JL  et al. Antifibrotic role of PGC-1a-siRNA against TGF-ß1-induced renal interstitial fibrosis. Exp Cell Res 370:160-167 (2018). Read more (PubMed: 29913155) »
See all 9 Publications for this product

Customer reviews and Q&As

Filter by Ratings

1-2 of 2 Abreviews

reliable data

Excellent Excellent 5/5 (Ease of Use)
We use HepG2 and H9C2 cells for assay, and 384-well format, the plate wahser can improve the assay window and performance a lot. Two key factors for assay, cell status and wash step.

Abcam user community

Verified customer

Submitted Mar 27 2017

Dr. Andaleeb Sajid

Excellent Excellent 5/5 (Ease of Use)
I am using this kit for high throughput screening of more than 500 compounds. The kit is highly reproducible and I did not observe any lot to lot variation. I would highly recommend this kit.

Andaleeb Sajid

Verified customer

Submitted Jul 29 2015

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