Overview

  • Product name
  • Description
    Rabbit polyclonal to MMP2
  • Host species
    Rabbit
  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: WB, Flow Cyt, IHC-Pmore details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Rat, Human
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide within Human MMP2. The exact sequence is proprietary. MAT conjugated.
    Database link: P08253

  • Positive control
    • Rat carotid artery and brain tissues.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab216433 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
WB 1/300.
Flow Cyt 1/100.
IHC-P 1/100 - 1/500. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

Target

  • Function
    Ubiquitinous metalloproteinase that is involved in diverse functions such as remodeling of the vasculature, angiogenesis, tissue repair, tumor invasion, inflammation, and atherosclerotic plaque rupture. As well as degrading extracellular matrix proteins, can also act on several nonmatrix proteins such as big endothelial 1 and beta-type CGRP promoting vasoconstriction. Also cleaves KISS at a Gly-
    -Leu bond. Appears to have a role in myocardial cell death pathways. Contributes to myocardial oxidative stress by regulating the activity of GSK3beta. Cleaves GSK3beta in vitro.
    PEX, the C-terminal non-catalytic fragment of MMP2, posseses anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor properties and inhibits cell migration and cell adhesion to FGF2 and vitronectin. Ligand for integrinv/beta3 on the surface of blood vessels.
  • Tissue specificity
    Produced by normal skin fibroblasts. PEX is expressed in a number of tumors including gliomas, breast and prostate.
  • Involvement in disease
    Defects in MMP2 are the cause of Torg-Winchester syndrome (TWS) [MIM:259600]; also known as multicentric osteolysis nodulosis and arthropathy (MONA). TWS is an autosomal recessive osteolysis syndrome. It is severe with generalized osteolysis and osteopenia. Subcutaneous nodules are usually absent. Torg-Winchester syndrome has been associated with a number of additional features including coarse face, corneal opacities, patches of thickened, hyperpigmented skin, hypertrichosis and gum hypertrophy. However, these features are not always present and have occasionally been observed in other osteolysis syndromes.
  • Sequence similarities
    Belongs to the peptidase M10A family.
    Contains 3 fibronectin type-II domains.
    Contains 4 hemopexin-like domains.
  • Domain
    The conserved cysteine present in the cysteine-switch motif binds the catalytic zinc ion, thus inhibiting the enzyme. The dissociation of the cysteine from the zinc ion upon the activation-peptide release activates the enzyme.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    Phosphorylation on multiple sites modulates enzymatic activity. Phosphorylated by PKC in vitro.
    The propeptide is processed by MMP14 (MT-MMP1) and MMP16 (MT-MMP3). Autocatalytic cleavage in the C-terminal produces the anti-angiogenic peptide, PEX. This processing appears to be facilitated by binding integrinv/beta3.
  • Cellular localization
    Secreted > extracellular space > extracellular matrix. Membrane. Nucleus. Colocalizes with integrin alphaV/beta3 at the membrane surface in angiogenic blood vessels and melanomas. Found in mitochondria, along microfibrils, and in nuclei of cardiomyocytes.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • 72 kDa gelatinase antibody
    • 72kD type IV collagenase antibody
    • CLG 4 antibody
    • CLG 4A antibody
    • CLG4 antibody
    • CLG4A antibody
    • Collagenase Type 4 alpha antibody
    • Collagenase type IV A antibody
    • Gelatinase A antibody
    • Gelatinase alpha antibody
    • Gelatinase neutrophil antibody
    • Matrix metallopeptidase 2 gelatinase A 72kDa gelatinase 72kDa type IV collagenase antibody
    • Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (gelatinase A, 72kDa gelatinase, 72kDa type IV collagenase) antibody
    • Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 antibody
    • Matrix metalloproteinase II antibody
    • Matrix metalloproteinase-2 antibody
    • MMP 2 antibody
    • MMP II antibody
    • MMP-2 antibody
    • MMP2 antibody
    • MMP2_HUMAN antibody
    • MONA antibody
    • Neutrophil gelatinase antibody
    • PEX antibody
    • TBE 1 antibody
    • TBE-1 antibody
    see all

Images

  • Flow Cytometry of HeLa cells with ab217010 at 1/100
  • Anti-MMP2 antibody (ab216433) at 1/300 dilution + HT1080 cell lysates

    Secondary
    Conjugated secondary antibody at 1/10000 dilution
  • Immunohistochemical analysis of Paraformaldehyde-fixed, paraffin-embedded rat brain tissue labeling MMP2 with ab216433 at 1/500 dilution overnight at 4°C followed by a conjugated secondary and DAPI staining.

  • Immunohistochemical analysis of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded rat carotid artery tissue labeling MMP2 with ab216433 at 1/200 dilution followed by conjugation to the secondary antibody and DAB staining.

References

ab216433 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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