Overview

  • Product name
    Mouse TNF alpha ELISA Kit
    See all TNF alpha kits
  • Detection method
    Colorimetric
  • Precision
    Intra-assay
    Sample n Mean SD CV%
    Overall 8 6.7%
    Inter-assay
    Sample n Mean SD CV%
    Overall 3 9.8%
  • Sample type
    Cell culture supernatant, Serum, Plasma
  • Assay type
    Sandwich (quantitative)
  • Sensitivity
    9.1 pg/ml
  • Range
    46.88 pg/ml - 3000 pg/ml
  • Recovery

    Sample specific recovery
    Sample type Average % Range
    Serum 97 85% - 115%
    Cell culture media 111 109% - 115%
    Heparin Plasma 92 85% - 103%
    EDTA Plasma 99 98% - 101%
    Citrate Plasma 87 85% - 88%

  • Assay time
    1h 30m
  • Assay duration
    One step assay
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Mouse
  • Product overview

    TNF alpha in vitro SimpleStep ELISA® (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay) kit (ab208348) is designed for the quantitative measurement of TNF alpha protein in mouse serum, plasma, and cell culture supernatants.


    The SimpleStep ELISA® employs an affinity tag labeled capture antibody and a reporter conjugated detector antibody which immunocapture the sample analyte in solution. This entire complex (capture antibody/analyte/detector antibody) is in turn immobilized via immunoaffinity of an anti-tag antibody coating the well. To perform the assay, samples or standards are added to the wells, followed by the antibody mix. After incubation, the wells are washed to remove unbound material. TMB substrate is added and during incubation is catalyzed by HRP, generating blue coloration. This reaction is then stopped by addition of Stop Solution completing any color change from blue to yellow. Signal is generated proportionally to the amount of bound analyte and the intensity is measured at 450 nm. Optionally, instead of the endpoint reading, development of TMB can be recorded kinetically at 600 nm.


    Sensitivity:


    Samples diluted in Sample Diluent NS - 9.8 pg/mL


    Samples diluted in Sample Diluent 10BS - 12.1 pg/mL


    Samples diluted in Sample Diluent 25BS - 9.1 pg/mL

  • Notes

    Tumor necrosis factor, or TNF alpha, is a cytokine that binds to TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. Furthermore, TNF alpha is a ligand of the TNF superfamily which plays a central role in inflammation, apoptosis, proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis, metastasis, and morphogenesis. It is mainly secreted by macrophages, and can induce cell death of certain tumor cell lines. Rat and Human TNF alpha are 95% and 79% identical to Mouse TNF alpha, respectively.

    TNF alpha is expressed on macrophages and endothelial, epithelial, and tumor cells as a 26 kDa transmembrane protein. TNF-alpha is cleaved by proteolytic processing into six chains: (1) TNF membrane form, (2) Intracellular domain 1 (ICD1), (3) Intracellular domain 2 (ICD2), (4) C-domain 1, (5) C-domain 2 and (6) TNF soluble form. ICD1 and ICD2 are released into the cytosol, while C-domain 1 and C-domain 2 are released into the extracellular space. Furthermore, the membrane form, but not the soluble form, is phosphorylated on serine residues. Dephosphorylation of the membrane form occurs by binding to soluble TNFRSF1A/TNFR1.

    Signaling from TNF-alpha differs depending on the type of ligand initiating the signaling event (intracellular, membrane, or soluble). As an example, the membrane form of TNF-alpha appears to mediate anti-tumorigenic therapeutic responses whereas the soluble ligand is linked to inflammation and proliferation. Likewise, the TNF intracellular domain (ICD) form induces IL-12 production in dendritic cells.

  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: Sandwich ELISAmore details
  • Platform
    Pre-coated microplate (12 x 8 well strips)

Properties

  • Storage instructions
    Store at +4°C. Please refer to protocols.
  • Components 1 x 96 tests
    10X Mouse TNF alpha Capture Antibody 1 x 600µl
    10X Mouse TNF alpha Detector Antibody 1 x 600µl
    10X Wash Buffer PT (ab206977) 1 x 20ml
    Antibody Diluent CPI 1 x 6ml
    Mouse TNF alpha Lyophilized Recombinant Protein 2 vials
    Plate Seals 1 unit
    Sample Diluent NBS 1 x 20ml
    Sample Diluent NS 1 x 50ml
    SimpleStep Pre-Coated 96-Well Microplate (ab206978) 1 x 96 tests
    Stop Solution 1 x 12ml
    TMB Development Solution 1 x 12ml
  • Research areas
  • Function
    Cytokine that binds to TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. It is mainly secreted by macrophages and can induce cell death of certain tumor cell lines. It is potent pyrogen causing fever by direct action or by stimulation of interleukin-1 secretion and is implicated in the induction of cachexia, Under certain conditions it can stimulate cell proliferation and induce cell differentiation.
  • Involvement in disease
    Genetic variations in TNF are a cause of susceptibility psoriatic arthritis (PSORAS) [MIM:607507]. PSORAS is an inflammatory, seronegative arthritis associated with psoriasis. It is a heterogeneous disorder ranging from a mild, non-destructive disease to a severe, progressive, erosive arthropathy. Five types of psoriatic arthritis have been defined: asymmetrical oligoarthritis characterized by primary involvement of the small joints of the fingers or toes; asymmetrical arthritis which involves the joints of the extremities; symmetrical polyarthritis characterized by a rheumatoidlike pattern that can involve hands, wrists, ankles, and feet; arthritis mutilans, which is a rare but deforming and destructive condition; arthritis of the sacroiliac joints and spine (psoriatic spondylitis).
  • Sequence similarities
    Belongs to the tumor necrosis factor family.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    The soluble form derives from the membrane form by proteolytic processing.
    The membrane form, but not the soluble form, is phosphorylated on serine residues. Dephosphorylation of the membrane form occurs by binding to soluble TNFRSF1A/TNFR1.
    O-glycosylated; glycans contain galactose, N-acetylgalactosamine and N-acetylneuraminic acid.
  • Cellular localization
    Secreted and Cell membrane.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Alternative names
    • APC1
    • APC1 protein
    • Cachectin
    • DIF
    • Differentiation inducing factor
    • Macrophage cytotoxic factor
    • Tnf
    • TNF superfamily, member 2
    • TNF, macrophage derived
    • TNF, monocyte derived
    • TNF-a
    • TNF-alpha
    • TNFA
    • TNFA_HUMAN
    • TNFSF2
    • Tumor necrosis factor
    • Tumor necrosis factor alpha
    • Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 2
    • Tumor Necrosis Factor, Membrane Form
    • Tumor necrosis factor, soluble form
    see all
  • Database links

Associated products

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab208348 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
Sandwich ELISA Use at an assay dependent concentration.

Images

  • ELISA Protocol Summary
  • Background-subtracted data values (mean +/- SD) are graphed.

  • Background-subtracted data values (mean +/- SD) are graphed.

  • Background-subtracted data values (mean +/- SD) are graphed.

  • The concentrations of TNF alpha were measured in duplicates, interpolated from the TNF alpha standard curves and corrected for sample dilution. Undiluted samples are as follows: plasma (citrate) 100%, plasma (EDTA) 100%, and plasma (heparin) 100%. The interpolated dilution factor corrected values are plotted (mean +/- SD, n=2). The mean TNF alpha concentration was determined to be 1.68 ng/mL in plasma (citrate), 1.81 ng/mL in plasma (EDTA) and 1.47 ng/mL in plasma (heparin).

  • The concentrations of TNF alpha were measured in duplicates, interpolated from the TNF alpha standard curves and corrected for sample dilution. Undiluted samples are as follows: serum 100%, cell culture 100%, and RAW 264.7 LPS stimulated cell culture supernatants 50%. The interpolated dilution factor corrected values are plotted (mean +/- SD, n=2). The mean TNF alpha concentration was determined to be 1.63 ng/mL in serum, 1.00 ng/mL in cell culture and 6.07 ng/mL in RAW 264.7 LPS stimulated cell culture supernatants.

  • The concentrations of TNF alpha were measured in duplicates, interpolated from the TNF alpha standard curves and corrected for sample dilution. Undiluted samples are as follows: RAW 264.7 LPS stimulated supernatant 50% and RAW 264.7 LPS unstimulated supernatant 50%. The interpolated dilution factor corrected values are plotted (mean +/- SD, n=2). The mean TNF alpha concentration was determined to be 6346.4 pg/mL in RAW 264.7 LPS stimulated supernatant and 83.7 pg/mL in RAW 264.7 LPS unstimulated supernatant. RAW 264.7 cells were cultured in HGDMEM with 100 μg/mL Kanamycin and 2 mM L-glutamine. Cells were starved for 24 hours and treated in the presence and absence of 5 μg/mL of LPS.

Protocols

References

This product has been referenced in:
  • Nath A  et al. Gold-manganese oxide nanocomposite suppresses hypoxia and augments pro-inflammatory cytokines in tumor associated macrophages. Int Immunopharmacol 57:157-164 (2018). Read more (PubMed: 29499453) »
  • Wang Y  et al. Role of the Rho/ROCK signaling pathway in the protective effects of fasudil against acute lung injury in septic rats. Mol Med Rep 18:4486-4498 (2018). Read more (PubMed: 30221694) »
See all 6 Publications for this product

Customer reviews and Q&As

TNF alpha simple step ELISA kit

Good Excellent 5/5 (Ease of Use)
Abreviews
Good one and easy to use

Miss. Sheelu Monga

Verified customer

Submitted Feb 06 2018

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