Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-MSH6 antibody [EPR3945] - BSA and Azide free
    See all MSH6 primary antibodies
  • Description

    Rabbit monoclonal [EPR3945] to MSH6 - BSA and Azide free
  • Host species

    Rabbit
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: WB, IHC-P, ICC/IFmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Human
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide within Human MSH6 aa 1-100 (N terminal). The exact sequence is proprietary.

  • Positive control

    • WB: A431, HeLa and SW480 cell lysates IHC-P: Human colonic adenocarcinoma tissue ICC/IF: HeLa cells
  • General notes

    Ab214454 is the carrier-free version of ab92471. This format is designed for use in antibody labeling, including fluorochromes, metal isotopes, oligonucleotides, enzymes.

     

    Our carrier-free formats are supplied in a buffer free of BSA, sodium azide and glycerol for higher conjugation efficiency.

    Use our conjugation kits  for antibody conjugates that are ready-to-use in as little as 20 minutes with <1 minute hands-on-time and 100% antibody recovery: available for fluorescent dyes, HRP, biotin and gold.

    ab214454 is compatible with the Maxpar® Antibody Labeling Kit from Fluidigm.

    Maxpar® is a trademark of Fluidigm Canada Inc.

    Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents.

    This product is a recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibody.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab214454 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
WB Use at an assay dependent concentration. Predicted molecular weight: 163 kDa.
IHC-P Use at an assay dependent concentration. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

See IHC antigen retrieval protocols.

ICC/IF Use at an assay dependent concentration.

Target

  • Function

    Component of the post-replicative DNA mismatch repair system (MMR). Heterodimerizes with MSH2 to form MutS alpha, which binds to DNA mismatches thereby initiating DNA repair. When bound, MutS alpha bends the DNA helix and shields approximately 20 base pairs, and recognizes single base mismatches and dinucleotide insertion-deletion loops (IDL) in the DNA. After mismatch binding, forms a ternary complex with the MutL alpha heterodimer, which is thought to be responsible for directing the downstream MMR events, including strand discrimination, excision, and resynthesis. ATP binding and hydrolysis play a pivotal role in mismatch repair functions. The ATPase activity associated with MutS alpha regulates binding similar to a molecular switch: mismatched DNA provokes ADP-->ATP exchange, resulting in a discernible conformational transition that converts MutS alpha into a sliding clamp capable of hydrolysis-independent diffusion along the DNA backbone. This transition is crucial for mismatch repair. MutS alpha may also play a role in DNA homologous recombination repair.
  • Involvement in disease

    Defects in MSH6 are the cause of hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer type 5 (HNPCC5) [MIM:600678]. Mutations in more than one gene locus can be involved alone or in combination in the production of the HNPCC phenotype (also called Lynch syndrome). Most families with clinically recognized HNPCC have mutations in either MLH1 or MSH2 genes. HNPCC is an autosomal, dominantly inherited disease associated with marked increase in cancer susceptibility. It is characterized by a familial predisposition to early onset colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and extra-colonic cancers of the gastrointestinal, urological and female reproductive tracts. HNPCC is reported to be the most common form of inherited colorectal cancer in the Western world. Cancers in HNPCC originate within benign neoplastic polyps termed adenomas. Clinically, HNPCC is often divided into two subgroups. Type I: hereditary predisposition to colorectal cancer, a young age of onset, and carcinoma observed in the proximal colon. Type II: patients have an increased risk for cancers in certain tissues such as the uterus, ovary, breast, stomach, small intestine, skin, and larynx in addition to the colon. Diagnosis of classical HNPCC is based on the Amsterdam criteria: 3 or more relatives affected by colorectal cancer, one a first degree relative of the other two; 2 or more generation affected; 1 or more colorectal cancers presenting before 50 years of age; exclusion of hereditary polyposis syndromes. MSH6 mutations appear to be associated with atypical HNPCC and in particular with development of endometrial carcinoma or atypical endometrial hyperplasia, the presumed precursor of endometrial cancer. Defects in MSH6 are also found in familial colorectal cancers (suspected or incomplete HNPCC) that do not fulfill the Amsterdam criteria for HNPCC.
    Defects in MSH6 are a cause of susceptibility to endometrial cancer (ENDMC) [MIM:608089].
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the DNA mismatch repair mutS family.
    Contains 1 PWWP domain.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    The N-terminus is blocked.
    Phosphorylated upon DNA damage, probably by ATM or ATR.
    Phosphorylated by PRKCZ, which may prevent MutS alpha degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway.
  • Cellular localization

    Nucleus.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • DNA mismatch repair protein Msh6 antibody
    • G/T mismatch binding protein antibody
    • G/T mismatch-binding protein antibody
    • GTBP antibody
    • GTMBP antibody
    • hMSH6 antibody
    • HNPCC 5 antibody
    • HNPCC5 antibody
    • HSAP antibody
    • MSH 6 antibody
    • MSH6 antibody
    • MSH6_HUMAN antibody
    • mutS (E. coli) homolog 6 antibody
    • MutS alpha 160 kDa subunit antibody
    • MutS homolog 6 (E. coli) antibody
    • mutS homolog 6 antibody
    • MutS-alpha 160 kDa subunit antibody
    • p160 antibody
    • Sperm associated protein antibody
    see all

Images

  • ab92471 staining MSH6 in wild-type HAP1 cells (top panel) and MSH6 knockout HAP1 cells (bottom panel). The cells were fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10min), permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 for 5 minutes and then blocked with 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated with ab92471 at 1μg/ml and ab195889 at 1/250 dilution (shown in pseudocolour red) overnight at +4°C, followed by a further incubation at room temperature for 1h with a goat secondary antibody to Rabbit IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab150081) at 2 μg/ml (shown in green). Nuclear DNA was labelled in blue with DAPI.

    Image was taken with a confocal microscope (Leica-Microsystems, TCS SP8).

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab92471).

  • ab92471 staining MSH6 in HeLa cells. The cells were fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10min), permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 for 5 minutes and then blocked with 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated with ab92471 at 1μg/ml and ab195889 at 1/250 dilution (shown in pseudocolour red) overnight at +4°C, followed by a further incubation at room temperature for 1h with a goat secondary antibody to Rabbit IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab150081) at 2 μg/ml (shown in green). Nuclear DNA was labelled in blue with DAPI.

    Image was taken with a confocal microscope (Leica-Microsystems, TCS SP8).

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab92471).

  • Immunohistochemical staining of paraffin embedded rat liver with purified ab92471 at a dilution of 1/500. A pre-diluted HRP polymer for rabbit/mouse IgG was used as the secondary antibody and the sample was counter-stained with hematoxylin. Antigen retrieval was perfomed using Tris-EDTA buffer, pH 9.0. PBS was used instead of the primary antibody as the negative control, and is shown in the inset.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab92471).

  • Immunohistochemical staining of paraffin embedded rat liver with unpurified ab92471 at a dilution of 1/150. A pre-diluted HRP polymer for rabbit/mouse IgG was used as the secondary antibody and the sample was counter-stained with hematoxylin. Antigen retrieval was perfomed using Tris-EDTA buffer, pH 9.0. PBS was used instead of the primary antibody as the negative control, and is shown in the inset.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab92471).

  • Immunohistochemical staining of paraffin embedded human colon with unpurified ab92471 at a dilution of 1/500. A pre-diluted HRP polymer for rabbit/mouse IgG was used as the secondary antibody and the sample was counter-stained with hematoxylin. Antigen retrieval was perfomed using Tris-EDTA buffer, pH 9.0. PBS was used instead of the primary antibody as the negative control, and is shown in the inset.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab92471).

  • Immunohistochemical staining of paraffin embedded human colon with unpurified ab92471 at a dilution of 1/150. A pre-diluted HRP polymer for rabbit/mouse IgG was used as the secondary antibody and the sample was counter-stained with hematoxylin. Antigen retrieval was perfomed using Tris-EDTA buffer, pH 9.0. PBS was used instead of the primary antibody as the negative control, and is shown in the inset.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab92471).

  • Unpurified ab92471 (1/500) staining MSH6 in asynchronous HeLa cells (green). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.5% Triton X100/PBS and counterstained with DAPI in order to highlight the nucleus (red). For further experimental details please see abreview.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab92471).

  • Unpurified ab92471, at a 1/100 dilution, detecting MSH6 in paraffin embedded Human colonic adenocarcinoma tissue by immunohistochemistry. Detection used HRP conjugated anti rabbit antibody.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab92471).

  • Equilibrium disassociation constant (KD)
    Learn more about KD

    Click here to learn more about KD

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab92471).

References

This product has been referenced in:

  • Tsai JH  et al. Aberrant expression of annexin A10 is closely related to gastric phenotype in serrated pathway to colorectal carcinoma. Mod Pathol N/A:N/A (2014). Read more (PubMed: 25081749) »
  • Joost P  et al. Heterogenous mismatch-repair status in colorectal cancer. Diagn Pathol 9:126 (2014). IHC-P ; Human . Read more (PubMed: 24968821) »
See all 9 Publications for this product

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