The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 1 - 4 µg/ml.
Recommend PFA Fixation and Triton X-100 treatment
1/50 - 1/200. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
Required for normal ciliary development and function. Inhibits disheveled-1-induced canonical Wnt-signaling activity and may also play a role in the control of non-canonical Wnt signaling which regulates planar cell polarity. Probably acts as a molecular switch between different Wnt signaling pathways. Required for proper convergent extension cell movements.
Widely expressed at low level. Expressed in heart, placenta, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney and pancreas. Expressed at very low level in brain and lung.
Involvement in disease
Defects in NPHP3 are the cause of nephronophthisis type 3 (NPHP3) [MIM:604387]; also known as adolescent nephronophthisis. NPHP3 is a autosomal recessive disorder resulting in end-stage renal disease. It is characterized by polyuria, polydipsia, anemia. Onset of terminal renal failure occurr significantly later (median age, 19 years) than in juvenile nephronophthisis. Renal pathology is characterized by alterations of tubular basement membranes, tubular atrophy and dilation, sclerosing tubulointerstitial nephropathy, and renal cyst development predominantly at the corticomedullary junction. Defects in NPHP3 are a cause of renal-hepatic-pancreatic dysplasia (RHPD) [MIM:208540]. RHPD is an autosomal recessive disorder with variable expression, and patients surviving the neonatal period progress to renal and hepatic failure which can be treated successfully with combined liver-kidney transplantation. Defects in NPHP3 are the cause of Meckel syndrome type 7 (MKS7) [MIM:267010]. It is a form of Meckel syndrome, an autosomal recessive disorder. It is characterized by a combination of renal cysts and variably associated features including developmental anomalies of the central nervous system (typically encephalocele), hepatic ductal dysplasia and cysts, and polydactyly.
Hatzistergos KE et al. S-Nitrosoglutathione Reductase Deficiency Enhances the Proliferative Expansion of Adult Heart Progenitors and Myocytes Post Myocardial Infarction. J Am Heart Assoc4:N/A (2015).
Read more (PubMed: 26178404) »