Product nameNrf2 Transcription Factor Assay Kit (Colorimetric)
See all Nrf2 kits
Sample typeNuclear Extracts
Sensitivity> 600 ng/well
Assay time3h 30m
Predicted to work with: Mouse, Rat, Human
Nrf2 Transcription Factor Assay Kit (Colorimetric) (ab207223) is a high throughput assay to quantify Nrf2 activation in nuclear extracts. This assay combines a quick ELISA format with a sensitive and specific non-radioactive assay for transcription factor activation.
A specific double stranded DNA sequence containing the Nrf2 consensus binding site (5’ – GTCACAGTGACTCAGCAGAATCTG – 3’) has been immobilized onto a 96-well plate. Active Nrf2 present in the nuclear extract specifically binds to the oligonucleotide. Nrf2 is detected by a primary antibody that recognizes an epitope of Nrf2 accessible only when the protein is activated and bound to its target DNA. An HRP-conjugated secondary antibody provides sensitive colorimetric readout at OD 450 nm. This product detects only human, mouse and rat Nrf2.
Key performance and benefits:
Assay time: 3.5 hours (cell extracts preparation not included).
Detection limit: < 0.6 µg nuclear extract/well.
Detection range: 0.6 – 10 µg nuclear extract/well.
Nrf2 (NF-E2 related factor, NFE2L2, from nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-like 2) is a basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor. Nrf2 binds to the antioxidant response element (ARE) and positively regulates the expression of detoxifying enzyme genes (such as NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase1, NQO1) in response to antioxidants and xenobiotics. Higher levels of NQO1 gene expression has been shown in liver, lung, colon, and breast tumors.
A cytosolic inhibitor of Nrf2, Keap1/INrf2, retains Nrf2 in the cytoplasm under normal conditions where the interaction of Nrf2 with INrf2 targets Nrf2 for ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. However, after oxidative stress, Nrf2 is released from INrf2, translocates to the nucleus, and results in the activation of ARE-mediated gene expression. Nrf2 is also synthesized de novo after exposure to stress. In addition, Nrf2 controls its own degradation by regulating expression and induction of INrf2.
It has been shown that nuclear export and degradation pathways are activated by around two hours after treatment with tert-butylhydroquinone (t-BHQ).
Nrf2 activation and degradation are important sensing mechanisms in the cellular response for oxidative and electrophilic stressors.
Storage instructionsPlease refer to protocols.
Components 1 x 96 tests 5 x 96 tests 10X Antibody Binding Buffer 1 x 2.2ml 1 x 11ml 10X Wash Buffer 1 x 22ml 1 x 110ml 96-well Nrf2 assay plate 1 unit 5 units Anti-rabbit HRP-conjugated IgG (0.25 μg/μL) 1 x 10µl 1 x 55µl Binding Buffer 1 x 10ml 1 x 50ml Developing Solution 1 x 11ml 1 x 55ml Dithiothreitol (DTT) (1 M) 1 x 100µl 1 x 500µl Herring sperm DNA (1 μg/μL) 1 x 100µl 1 x 500µl Lysis Buffer 1 x 10ml 1 x 50ml Mutated oligonucleotide (10 pmol/µL) 1 x 100µl 1 x 500µl Nrf2 antibody 1 x 10µl 1 x 25µl Plate sealer 1 unit 5 units Positive control extract (2.5 µg/µL) 1 x 20µl 1 x 50µl Protease Inhibitor Cocktail 1 x 100µl 1 x 500µl Stop Solution 1 x 11ml 1 x 55ml Wild-type oligonucleotide (10 pmol/µL) 1 x 100µl 1 x 500µl
- Pathways and Processes
- Metabolic signaling pathways
- Nucleotide metabolism
- Molecular processes
- Mitochondrial transcription
FunctionTranscription activator that binds to antioxidant response (ARE) elements in the promoter regions of target genes. Important for the coordinated up-regulation of genes in response to oxidative stress. May be involved in the transcriptional activation of genes of the beta-globin cluster by mediating enhancer activity of hypersensitive site 2 of the beta-globin locus control region.
Tissue specificityWidely expressed. Highest expression in adult muscle, kidney, lung, liver and in fetal muscle.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the bZIP family. CNC subfamily.
Contains 1 bZIP domain.
DomainAcidic activation domain in the N-terminus, and DNA binding domain in the C-terminus.
modificationsPhosphorylation of Ser-40 by PKC in response to oxidative stress dissociates NFE2L2 from its cytoplasmic inhibitor KEAP1, promoting its translocation into the nucleus.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm > cytosol. Nucleus. Cytosolic under unstressed conditions, translocates into the nucleus upon induction by electrophilic agents.
- Information by UniProt
- erythroid derived 2
- like 2
This product has been referenced in:
- Aliyu NO et al. Lophirones B and C halt acetaminophen hepatotoxicity by upregulating redox transcription factor Nrf-2 through Akt, PI3K, and PKC pathways. J Biochem Mol Toxicol 32:e22055 (2018). Read more (PubMed: 29697884) »
- Czauderna C et al. Ginkgo biloba induces different gene expression signatures and oncogenic pathways in malignant and non-malignant cells of the liver. PLoS One 13:e0209067 (2018). Read more (PubMed: 30576355) »