Product nameAnti-NRG1 antibody
See all NRG1 primary antibodies
DescriptionRabbit polyclonal to NRG1
Specificityab53104 detects endogenous levels of isoform 10 of the NRG1 protein.
Tested applicationsSuitable for: IHC-Fr, ICC/IF, WB, ELISA, IHC-Pmore details
Species reactivityReacts with: Mouse, Human
A synthetic peptide derived from human NRG1.
- Human brain tissue and SKOV3 cell extracts.
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at -20°C. Stable for 12 months at -20°C.
Storage bufferpH: 7.40
Preservative: 0.02% Sodium azide
Constituents: 50% Glycerol, 0.87% Sodium chloride, PBS
Without Mg+2 and Ca+2
Concentration information loading...
PurityImmunogen affinity purified
Purification notesab53104 was affinity purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity chromatography using epitope-specific immunogen.
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab53104 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|IHC-Fr||Use at an assay dependent concentration. PubMed: 20736300|
|ICC/IF||Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml.|
|WB||1/300 - 1/1000. Detects a band of approximately 105 kDa.|
|IHC-P||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
FunctionDirect ligand for ERBB3 and ERBB4 tyrosine kinase receptors. Concomitantly recruits ERBB1 and ERBB2 coreceptors, resulting in ligand-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of the ERBB receptors. The multiple isoforms perform diverse functions such as inducing growth and differentiation of epithelial, glial, neuronal, and skeletal muscle cells; inducing expression of acetylcholine receptor in synaptic vesicles during the formation of the neuromuscular junction; stimulating lobuloalveolar budding and milk production in the mammary gland and inducing differentiation of mammary tumor cells; stimulating Schwann cell proliferation; implication in the development of the myocardium such as trabeculation of the developing heart. Isoform 10 may play a role in motor and sensory neuron development.
Tissue specificityType I isoforms are the predominant forms expressed in the endocardium. Isoform alpha is expressed in breast, ovary, testis, prostate, heart, skeletal muscle, lung, placenta liver, kidney, salivary gland, small intestine and brain, but not in uterus, stomach, pancreas, and spleen. Isoform 3 is the predominant form in mesenchymal cells and in non-neuronal organs, whereas isoform 6 is the major neuronal form. Isoform 8 is expressed in spinal cord and brain. Isoform 9 is the major form in skeletal muscle cells; in the nervous system it is expressed in spinal cord and brain. Also detected in adult heart, placenta, lung, liver, kidney, and pancreas. Isoform 10 is expressed in nervous system: spinal cord motor neurons, dorsal root ganglion neurons, and brain. Predominant isoform expressed in sensory and motor neurons. Not detected in adult heart, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney, and pancreas. Not expressed in fetal lung, liver and kidney. Type IV isoforms are brain-specific.
Involvement in diseaseNote=A chromosomal aberration involving NRG1 produces gamma-heregulin. Translocation t(8;11) with ODZ4. The translocation fuses the 5'-end of ODZ4 to NRG1 (isoform 8). The product of this translocation was first thought to be an alternatively spliced isoform. Gamma-heregulin is a soluble activating ligand for the ERBB2-ERBB3 receptor complex and acts as an autocrine growth factor in a specific breast cancer cell line (MDA-MB-175). Not detected in breast carcinoma samples, including ductal, lobular, medullary, and mucinous histological types, neither in other breast cancer cell lines.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the neuregulin family.
Contains 1 EGF-like domain.
Contains 1 Ig-like C2-type (immunoglobulin-like) domain.
Developmental stageDetectable at early embryonic ages. Isoform 10 is highly expressed in developing spinal motor neurons and in developing cranial nerve nuclei. Expression is maintained only in both adult motor neurons and dorsal root ganglion neurons. Type IV isoforms are expressed in fetal brain.
DomainThe cytoplasmic domain may be involved in the regulation of trafficking and proteolytic processing. Regulation of the proteolytic processing involves initial intracellular domain dimerization.
ERBB receptor binding is elicited entirely by the EGF-like domain.
modificationsProteolytic cleavage close to the plasma membrane on the external face leads to the release of the soluble growth factor form.
N- and O-glycosylated. Extensive glycosylation precedes the proteolytic cleavage.
Cellular localizationSecreted; Cell membrane. Does not seem to be active; Membrane. May possess an internal uncleaved signal sequence; Nucleus. May be nuclear and Secreted. Has a signal peptide.
- Information by UniProt
- Acetylcholine receptor-inducing activity antibody
- Acetylcholine receptor-inducing activity, CHICK, homolog of antibody
- ARIA antibody
All lanes : Anti-NRG1 antibody (ab53104) at 1/500 dilution
Lane 1 : SK N SH (Human neuroblastoma) Whole Cell Lysate
Lane 2 : Human placenta tissue lysate - total protein (ab29745)
Lane 3 : HeLa (Human epithelial carcinoma cell line) Whole Cell Lysate
Lysates/proteins at 10 µg per lane.
All lanes : Goat polyclonal to Rabbit IgG - H&L - Pre-Adsorbed (HRP) at 1/3000 dilution
Observed band size: 100 kDa why is the actual band size different from the predicted?
Additional bands at: 55 kDa (possible isoform), 90 kDa (possible isoform)
ab53104 at 1/50 dilution staining NRG1 in human brain tissue by Immunohistochemistry, Paraffin embedded tissue, in the absence and presence of the immunising peptide.
ICC/IF image of ab53104 stained MCF7 cells. The cells were 100% methanol fixed (5 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab53104, 5µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.
This product has been referenced in:
- Zhang Z et al. Elevated cleavage of neuregulin-1 by beta-secretase 1 in plasma of schizophrenia patients. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 90:161-168 (2019). Read more (PubMed: 30500411) »
- Umehara T et al. Neuregulin 1 Regulates Proliferation of Leydig Cells to Support Spermatogenesis and Sexual Behavior in Adult Mice. Endocrinology 157:4899-4913 (2016). Read more (PubMed: 27732090) »