Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-Nucleophosmin antibody [Clone NA24] - BSA and Azide free
    See all Nucleophosmin primary antibodies
  • Description

    Mouse monoclonal [Clone NA24] to Nucleophosmin - BSA and Azide free
  • Host species

    Mouse
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: Protein Array, IHC-Pmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Human
  • Immunogen

    Recombinant fragment corresponding to Human Nucleophosmin (N terminal). GST fusion protein containing the N-terminal part of nucleophosmin fused to 14 amino acid of ALK protein.
    Database link: P06748

  • Positive control

    • IHC-P: Human skin tissue.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab237874 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
Protein Array Use at an assay dependent concentration.
IHC-P Use a concentration of 1 - 2 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

Target

  • Function

    Involved in diverse cellular processes such as ribosome biogenesis, centrosome duplication, protein chaperoning, histone assembly, cell proliferation, and regulation of tumor suppressors p53/TP53 and ARF. Binds ribosome presumably to drive ribosome nuclear export. Associated with nucleolar ribonucleoprotein structures and bind single-stranded nucleic acids. Acts as a chaperonin for the core histones H3, H2B and H4. Stimulates APEX1 endonuclease activity on apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) double-stranded DNA but inhibits APEX1 endonuclease activity on AP single-stranded RNA. May exert a control of APEX1 endonuclease activity within nucleoli devoted to repair AP on rDNA and the removal of oxidized rRNA molecules. In concert with BRCA2, regulates centrosome duplication. Regulates centriole duplication: phosphorylation by PLK2 is able to trigger centriole replication. Negatively regulates the activation of EIF2AK2/PKR and suppresses apoptosis through inhibition of EIF2AK2/PKR autophosphorylation. Antagonizes the inhibitory effect of ATF5 on cell proliferation and relieves ATF5-induced G2/M blockade (PubMed:22528486).
  • Involvement in disease

    A chromosomal aberration involving NPM1 is found in a form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Translocation t(2;5)(p23;q35) with ALK. The resulting chimeric NPM1-ALK protein homodimerize and the kinase becomes constitutively activated.
    A chromosomal aberration involving NPM1 is found in a form of acute promyelocytic leukemia. Translocation t(5;17)(q32;q11) with RARA.
    A chromosomal aberration involving NPM1 is a cause of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Translocation t(3;5)(q25.1;q34) with MLF1.
    Defects in NPM1 are associated with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Mutations in exon 12 affecting the C-terminus of the protein are associated with an aberrant cytoplasmic location.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the nucleoplasmin family.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    Acetylated at C-terminal lysine residues, thereby increasing affinity to histones.
    ADP-ribosylated.
    Phosphorylated at Ser-4 by PLK1 and PLK2. Phosphorylation at Ser-4 by PLK2 in S phase is required for centriole duplication and is sufficient to trigger centriole replication. Phosphorylation at Ser-4 by PLK1 takes place during mitosis. Phosphorylated by CDK2 at Ser-125 and Thr-199. Phosphorylation at Thr-199 may trigger initiation of centrosome duplication. Phosphorylated by CDK1 at Thr-199, Thr-219, Thr-234 and Thr-237 during cell mitosis. When these four sites are phosphorated, RNA-binding activity seem to be abolished. May be phosphorylated at Ser-70 by NEK2. The Thr-199 phosphorylated form has higher affinity for ROCK2. CDK6 triggers Thr-199 phosphorylation when complexed to Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV) V-cyclin, leading to viral reactivation by reducing viral LANA levels.
    Sumoylated by ARF.
  • Cellular localization

    Nucleus, nucleolus. Nucleus, nucleoplasm. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Generally nucleolar, but is translocated to the nucleoplasm in case of serum starvation or treatment with anticancer drugs. Has been found in the cytoplasm in patients with primary acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), but not with secondary AML. Can shuttle between cytoplasm and nucleus. Co- localizes with the methylated form of RPS10 in the granular component (GC) region of the nucleolus. Colocalized with nucleolin and APEX1 in nucleoli. Isoform 1 of NEK2 is required for its localization to the centrosome during mitosis.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • B23 antibody
    • MGC104254 antibody
    • NO38 antibody
    • NPM antibody
    • NPM_HUMAN antibody
    • NPM1 antibody
    • Nucleolar phosphoprotein B23 antibody
    • Nucleolar protein NO38 antibody
    • Nucleophosmin (nucleolar phosphoprotein B23 numatrin) antibody
    • Nucleophosmin antibody
    • nucleophosmin nucleoplasmin family member 1 antibody
    • Nucleophosmin/nucleoplasmin family member 1 antibody
    • Numatrin antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000161024 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000161025 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000223397 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000223398 antibody
    see all

Images

  • This data was produced with ab238029, the same antibody in a different formulation with BSA and Azide.
    ab238029 was tested in protein array against over 19000 different full-length human proteins.
    Z- and S- Score: The Z-score represents the strength of a signal that a monoclonal antibody (MAb) (in combination with a fluorescently-tagged anti-IgG secondary antibody) produces when binding to a particular protein on the HuProtTM array. Z-scores are described in units of standard deviations (SD's) above the mean value of all signals generated on that array. If targets on HuProtTM are arranged in descending order of the Z-score, the S-score is the difference (also in units of SD's) between the Z-score. S-score therefore represents the relative target specificity of a MAb to its intended target.
    A MAb is specific to its intended target if the MAb has an S-score of at least 2.5. For example, if a MAb binds to protein X with a Z-score of 43 and to protein Y with a Z-score of 14, then the S-score for the binding of that MAb to protein X is equal to 29.
  • Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human skin tissue stained for Nucleophosmin using ab237874 at 2 μg/ml in immunohistochemical analysis. DAB staining.

References

ab237874 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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