Recombinant
RabMAb

Recombinant Anti-p21 antibody [EPR18021] - BSA and Azide free (ab232512)

Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-p21 antibody [EPR18021] - BSA and Azide free
    See all p21 primary antibodies
  • Description

    Rabbit monoclonal [EPR18021] to p21 - BSA and Azide free
  • Host species

    Rabbit
  • Specificity

    Expression levels of the target protein vary between different tissue/cell lines and in some cases induction may be required before a signal is observed.
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: WB, IHC-P, ICC/IF, Flow Cyt, IPmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Mouse
  • Immunogen

    Recombinant full length protein within Mouse p21 aa 1 to the C-terminus. The exact sequence is proprietary.
    Database link: P39689

  • Positive control

    • IHC-P: Mouse lung tissue.
  • General notes

    Ab232512 is the carrier-free version of ab188224. This format is designed for use in antibody labeling, including fluorochromes, metal isotopes, oligonucleotides, enzymes.

     

    Our carrier-free formats are supplied in a buffer free of BSA, sodium azide and glycerol for higher conjugation efficiency.

    Use our conjugation kits  for antibody conjugates that are ready-to-use in as little as 20 minutes with <1 minute hands-on-time and 100% antibody recovery: available for fluorescent dyes, HRP, biotin and gold.

    ab232512 is compatible with the Maxpar® Antibody Labeling Kit from Fluidigm.

    Maxpar® is a trademark of Fluidigm Canada Inc.

    Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents.

    This product is a recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibody.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab232512 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
WB Use at an assay dependent concentration. Detects a band of approximately 18 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 18 kDa).
IHC-P Use at an assay dependent concentration. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with Tris/EDTA buffer pH 9.0 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
ICC/IF Use at an assay dependent concentration.
Flow Cyt Use at an assay dependent concentration.

ab199376-Rabbit monoclonal IgG (Low endotoxin, Azide free), is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.

IP Use at an assay dependent concentration.

Target

  • Function

    May be the important intermediate by which p53/TP53 mediates its role as an inhibitor of cellular proliferation in response to DNA damage. Binds to and inhibits cyclin-dependent kinase activity, preventing phosphorylation of critical cyclin-dependent kinase substrates and blocking cell cycle progression. Functions in the nuclear localization and assembly of cyclin D-CDK4 complex and promotes its kinase activity towards RB1. At higher stoichiometric ratios, inhibits the kinase activity of the cyclin D-CDK4 complex.
  • Tissue specificity

    Expressed in all adult human tissues, with 5-fold lower levels observed in the brain.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the CDI family.
  • Domain

    The PIP-box K+4 motif mediates both the interaction with PCNA and the recuitment of the DCX(DTL) complex: while the PIP-box interacts with PCNA, the presence of the K+4 submotif, recruits the DCX(DTL) complex, leading to its ubiquitination.
    The C-terminal is required for nuclear localization of the cyclin D-CDK4 complex.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    Phosphorylation of Thr-145 by Akt or of Ser-146 by PKC impairs binding to PCNA. Phosphorylation at Ser-114 by GSK3-beta enhances ubiquitination by the DCX(DTL) complex.
    Ubiquitinated by MKRN1; leading to polyubiquitination and 26S proteasome-dependent degradation. Ubiquitinated by the DCX(DTL) complex, also named CRL4(CDT2) complex, leading to its degradation during S phase or following UV irradiation. Ubiquitination by the DCX(DTL) complex is essential to control replication licensing and is PCNA-dependent: interacts with PCNA via its PIP-box, while the presence of the containing the 'K+4' motif in the PIP box, recruit the DCX(DTL) complex, leading to its degradation.
  • Cellular localization

    Cytoplasm. Nucleus.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • CAP20 antibody
    • CDK-interacting protein 1 antibody
    • CDKI antibody
    • CDKN1 antibody
    • Cdkn1a antibody
    • CDN1A_HUMAN antibody
    • CIP1 antibody
    • Cyclin Dependent Kinase Inhibitor 1A antibody
    • Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1 antibody
    • Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (P21) antibody
    • Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (p21, Cip1) antibody
    • DNA Synthesis Inhibitor antibody
    • MDA-6 antibody
    • MDA6 antibody
    • Melanoma differentiation-associated protein 6 antibody
    • Melanoma differentiation-associated protein antibody
    • p21 antibody
    • P21 protein antibody
    • p21CIP1 antibody
    • p21Cip1/Waf1 antibody
    • p21WAF antibody
    • PIC1 antibody
    • SDI1 antibody
    • SLC12A9 antibody
    • WAF1 antibody
    • Wild type p53 activated fragment 1 (WAF1) antibody
    • Wild type p53 activated fragment 1 antibody
    • Wildtype p53-activated fragment 1 antibody
    see all

Images

  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded mouse testis tissue labeling p21 with ab188224 at 1/1000 dilution, followed by Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) (ab97051) at 1/500 dilution.

    Nuclear staining on mouse testis is observed (PMID: 9170103).

    Counter stained with Hematoxylin.

    Secondary antibody only control: Used PBS instead of primary antibody, secondary antibody is Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) (ab97051) at 1/500 dilution.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab188224).

    Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with Tris/EDTA buffer pH 9.0 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

  • Immunofluorescent analysis of 4% paraformaldehyde-fixed, 0.1% Triton X-100 permeabilized RAW 264.7 (Mouse macrophage cell line transformed with Abelson murine leukemia virus) cells labeling p21 with ab188224 at 1/500 dilution, followed by Goat anti-rabbit IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab150077) secondary antibody at 1/1000 dilution (green).

    Confocal image showing nuclear staining on RAW264.7 cells.

    The nuclear counterstain is DAPI (blue).

    Tubulin is detected with ab195889 (Anti-alpha Tubulin antibody [DM1A] - Microtubule Marker (Alexa Fluor® 594)) at 1/200 dilution (red).

    Secondary antibody only control: Used PBS instead of primary antibody, secondary antibody is Goat anti-rabbit IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab150077) at 1/1000 dilution.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab188224).

  • Immunofluorescent analysis of 4% paraformaldehyde-fixed, 0.1% Triton X-100 permeabilized NIH/3T3 (Mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line) cells labeling p21 with ab188224 at 1/500 dilution, followed by Goat anti-rabbit IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab150077) secondary antibody at 1/1000 dilution (green).

    Confocal image showing nuclear staining on NIH/3T3 cells.

    The nuclear counterstain is DAPI (blue).

    Tubulin is detected with ab195889 (Anti-alpha Tubulin antibody [DM1A] - Microtubule Marker (Alexa Fluor® 594)) at 1/200 dilution (red).

    Secondary antibody only control: Used PBS instead of primary antibody, secondary antibody is Goat anti-rabbit IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab150077) at 1/1000 dilution.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab188224).

  • Flow cytometric analysis of 4% paraformaldehyde-fixed RAW 264.7 (Mouse macrophage cell line transformed with Abelson murine leukemia virus) cells labeling p21 with ab188224 at 1/50 dilution (red) compared with a rabbit monoclonal IgG isotype control (ab172730; black) and an unlabeled control (cells without incubation with primary antibody and secondary antibody; blue). Goat anti rabbit IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab150077) at 1/2000 dilution was used as the secondary antibody.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab188224).

  • p21 was immunoprecipitated from 0.35 mg of NIH/3T3 (Mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line) whole cell lysate with ab188224 at 1/30 dilution.

    Western blot was performed from the immunoprecipitate using ab188224 at 1/500 dilution.

    VeriBlot for IP Detection Reagent (HRP) (ab131366), was used for detection at 1/1000 dilution.

    Lane 1: NIH/3T3 whole cell lysate 10 µg (Input).

    Lane 2: ab188224 IP in NIH/3T3 whole cell lysate.

    Lane 3: Rabbit monoclonal IgG (ab172730) instead of ab188224 in NIH/3T3 whole cell lysate.

    Blocking and dilution buffer and concentration: 5% NFDM/TBST.

    Exposure time: 10 seconds.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab188224).

  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded mouse lung tissue labeling p21 with ab188224 at 1/1000 dilution, followed by Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) (ab97051) at 1/500 dilution. Sporadic nuclear staining on mouse lung is observed (PMID: 25333671). Counter stained with Hematoxylin.

    Secondary antibody only control: Used PBS instead of primary antibody, secondary antibody is Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) (ab97051) at 1/500 dilution.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab188224).

     

    Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with Tris/EDTA buffer pH 9.0 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

    Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with Tris/EDTA buffer pH 9.0 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

References

ab232512 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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