The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
WB: 1/100 - 1/500. Detects bands of approximately 30 and 63 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 63 kDa).
Not yet tested in other applications.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
May be the master regulator of the CoA biosynthesis.
Cofactor biosynthesis; coenzyme A biosynthesis; CoA from (R)-pantothenate: step 1/5.
Involvement in disease
Defects in PANK2 are the cause of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation type 1 (NBIA1) [MIM:234200]; also known as pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) or Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome (HSS). It is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder associated with iron accumulation in the brain, primarily in the basal ganglia. Clinical manifestations include progressive muscle spasticity, hyperreflexia, muscle rigidity, dystonia, dysarthria, and intellectual deterioration which progresses to severe dementia over several years. It is clinically classified into classic, atypical, and intermediate phenotypes. Classic forms present with onset in the first decade, rapid progression, loss of independent ambulation within 15 years. Atypical forms have onset in the second decade, slow progression, maintenance of independent ambulation up to 40 years later. Intermediate forms manifest onset in the first decade with slow progression or onset in the second decade with rapid progression. Patients with early onset tend to also develop pigmentary retinopathy, whereas those with later onset tend to also have speech disorders and psychiatric features. All patients have the 'eye of the tiger' sign on brain MRI. Defects in PANK2 are the cause of hypoprebetalipoproteinemia, acanthocytosis, retinitis pigmentosa, and pallidal degeneration (HARP) [MIM:607236]. HARP is a rare syndrome with many clinical similarities to NBIA1.
Belongs to the type II pantothenate kinase family.
Elbaum D et al. Fosmetpantotenate (RE-024), a phosphopantothenate replacement therapy for pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration: Mechanism of action and efficacy in nonclinical models. PLoS One13:e0192028 (2018).
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