Product nameAnti-PARL antibody
See all PARL primary antibodies
DescriptionRabbit polyclonal to PARL
Tested applicationsSuitable for: WB, IHC-P, ICC/IFmore details
Species reactivityReacts with: Mouse, Rat, Human
Predicted to work with: Cow, Orangutan
Synthetic peptide corresponding to Human PARL aa 350 to the C-terminus (C terminal) conjugated to keyhole limpet haemocyanin.
(Peptide available as
- ab45231 gave a positive result in the following whole cell lysates: Hela (data not shown), Jurkat, A431, HEK293 (data not shown), MCF7, U20S (data not shown). IHC-P: human colon adenocarcinoma FFPE tissue sections This antibody gave a positive result when used in the following formaldehyde fixed cell lines: HepG2.
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
Storage bufferpH: 7.40
Preservative: 0.02% Sodium azide
Constituents: PBS, 1% BSA
Batches of this product that have a concentration < 1mg/ml may have BSA added as a stabilising agent. If you would like information about the formulation of a specific lot, please contact our scientific support team who will be happy to help.
Concentration information loading...
PurityImmunogen affinity purified
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab45231 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|WB||Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 36 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 42 kDa).|
|IHC-P||Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval before commencing with IHC staining protocol.|
|ICC/IF||Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml.|
FunctionRequired for the control of apoptosis during postnatal growth. Essential for proteolytic processing of an antiapoptotic form of OPA1 which prevents the release of mitochondrial cytochrome c in response to intrinsic apoptoptic signals (By similarity). Promotes changes in mitochondria morphology regulated by phosphorylation of P-beta domain.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the peptidase S54 family.
modificationsP-beta is proteolytically processed (beta-cleavage) in a PARL-dependent manner. The cleavage is inhibited when residues Ser-65, Thr-69 and Ser-70 are all phosphorylated.
Cellular localizationMitochondrion inner membrane and Nucleus. Translocated into the nucleus by an unknown mechanism.
- Information by UniProt
- Mitochondrial intramembrane cleaving protease PARL antibody
- Mitochondrial intramembrane-cleaving protease PARL antibody
- P-beta antibody
All lanes : Anti-PARL antibody (ab45231) at 1 µg/ml
Lane 1 : Jurkat (Human T cell lymphoblast-like cell line) Whole Cell Lysate
Lane 2 : A431 (Human epithelial carcinoma cell line) Whole Cell Lysate
Lane 3 : MCF7 (Human breast adenocarcinoma cell line) Whole Cell Lysate
Lysates/proteins at 10 µg per lane.
All lanes : IRDye 680 Conjugated Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L) at 1/10000 dilution
Performed under reducing conditions.
Predicted band size: 42 kDa
Observed band size: 36 kDa why is the actual band size different from the predicted?
Additional bands at: 150 kDa, 51 kDa, 90 kDa. We are unsure as to the identity of these extra bands.
PARL is a mitochondrial protein which is constitutively cleaved, leaving a protein of 36.5 kDa (Sík A et al, J Biol Chem, 2004 Apr 9;279(15):15323-9 (PMID 14732705)). ab45231 detects a band at 36 kDa (cleaved form). However, Abcam's data suggests that ab45231 does not detect the full PARL protein (42 kDa).
ICC/IF image of ab45231 stained HepG2 cells. The cells were 4% formaldehyde fixed (10 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody ab45231 at 5µg/ml overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was DyLight® 488 goat anti- rabbit (ab96899) IgG (H+L) used at a 1/250 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.
IHC image of PARL staining in human colon adenocarcinoma formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section, performed on a Leica BondTM system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab45231, 5µg/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.
This product has been referenced in:
- Shi G & McQuibban GA The Mitochondrial Rhomboid Protease PARL Is Regulated by PDK2 to Integrate Mitochondrial Quality Control and Metabolism. Cell Rep 18:1458-1472 (2017). Read more (PubMed: 28178523) »
- Meissner C et al. Intramembrane protease PARL defines a negative regulator of PINK1- and PARK2/Parkin-dependent mitophagy. Autophagy 11:1484-98 (2015). Read more (PubMed: 26101826) »