Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-Perforin antibody [PRF1/2468]
    See all Perforin primary antibodies
  • Description

    Mouse monoclonal [PRF1/2468] to Perforin
  • Host species

    Mouse
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: Protein Array, IHC-Pmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Human
  • Immunogen

    Recombinant fragment within Human Perforin aa 413-552. The exact sequence is proprietary.
    Database link: P14222

  • Positive control

    • IHC-P: Human spleen tissue.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab238038 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
Protein Array Use at an assay dependent concentration.
IHC-P Use a concentration of 1 - 2 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

Incubate with primary antibody for 30 minutes at room temperature.

Target

  • Function

    Plays a key role in secretory granule-dependent cell death, and in defense against virus-infected or neoplastic cells. Plays an important role in killing other cells that are recognized as non-self by the immune system, e.g. in transplant rejection or some forms of autoimmune disease. Can insert into the membrane of target cells in its calcium-bound form, oligomerize and form large pores. Promotes cytolysis and apoptosis of target cells by facilitating the uptake of cytotoxic granzymes.
  • Involvement in disease

    Defects in PRF1 are the cause of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis familial type 2 (FHL2) [MIM:603553]; also known as HPLH2. Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) is a genetically heterogeneous, rare autosomal recessive disorder. It is characterized by immune dysregulation with hypercytokinemia and defective natural killer cell function. The clinical features of the disease include fever, hepatosplenomegaly, cytopenia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypofibrinogenemia, and neurological abnormalities ranging from irritability and hypotonia to seizures, cranial nerve deficits, and ataxia. Hemophagocytosis is a prominent feature of the disease, and a non-malignant infiltration of macrophages and activated T lymphocytes in lymph nodes, spleen, and other organs is also found.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the complement C6/C7/C8/C9 family.
    Contains 1 C2 domain.
    Contains 1 EGF-like domain.
    Contains 1 MACPF domain.
  • Domain

    The C2 domain mediates calcium-dependent binding to lipid membranes. A subsequent conformation change leads to membrane insertion of beta-hairpin structures and pore formation. The pore is formed by transmembrane beta-strands.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    N-glycosylated.
  • Cellular localization

    Cytoplasmic granule lumen. Secreted. Cell membrane. Endosome lumen. Stored in cytoplasmic granules of cytolytic T-lymphocytes and secreted into the cleft between T-lymphocyte and target cell. Inserts into the cell membrane of target cells and forms pores. Membrane insertion and pore formation requires a major conformation change. May be taken up via endocytosis involving clathrin-coated vesicles and accumulate in a first time in large early endosomes.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • Cytolysin antibody
    • FLH2 antibody
    • HPLH2 antibody
    • Lymphocyte pore-forming protein antibody
    • P1 antibody
    • PERF_HUMAN antibody
    • perforin 1 (pore forming protein) antibody
    • Perforin 1 antibody
    • Perforin-1 antibody
    • PFP antibody
    • PGFL antibody
    • PIGF antibody
    • PIGF-2 antibody
    • PLGF antibody
    • Pore forming protein antibody
    • prf1 antibody
    • SHGC-10760 antibody
    see all

Images

  • ab238038 was tested in protein array against over 19000 different full-length human proteins.
    Z- and S- Score: The Z-score represents the strength of a signal that a monoclonal antibody (MAb) (in combination with a fluorescently-tagged anti-IgG secondary antibody) produces when binding to a particular protein on the HuProtTM array. Z-scores are described in units of standard deviations (SD's) above the mean value of all signals generated on that array. If targets on HuProtTM are arranged in descending order of the Z-score, the S-score is the difference (also in units of SD's) between the Z-score. S-score therefore represents the relative target specificity of a MAb to its intended target.
    A MAb is specific to its intended target if the MAb has an S-score of at least 2.5. For example, if a MAb binds to protein X with a Z-score of 43 and to protein Y with a Z-score of 14, then the S-score for the binding of that MAb to protein X is equal to 29.
  • Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human spleen tissue stained for Perforin using ab238038 at 2 μg/ml in immunohistochemical analysis.

References

ab238038 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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