Overview

  • Product name
    Anti-PKC alpha antibody [Y124] - BSA and Azide free
    See all PKC alpha primary antibodies
  • Description
    Rabbit monoclonal [Y124] to PKC alpha - BSA and Azide free
  • Host species
    Rabbit
  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: WB, IP, IHC-P, IHC-Fr, Flow Cyt, ICC/IFmore details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Human, Pig, Goldfish
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide (the amino acid sequence is considered to be commercially sensitive) within Human PKC alpha aa 650 to the C-terminus (C terminal). The exact sequence is proprietary.

  • Positive control
    • WB: 293 cell lysate. IHC-P: Human lung carcinoma tissue. ICC/IF: HeLa and PMA-Treated and untreated wild-type HAP1 cells.
  • General notes

    The formulation and the concentration of this product is compatible for metal-conjugation for mass cytometry (CyTOF®). 

    ab221611 is a PBS-only buffer formulated version of ab32376. containing no BSA or sodium azide, ideal for antibody labeling. Please refer to ab32376 for information on protocols. dilutions, and image data.

    Use our conjugation kits for antibody conjugates that are ready-to-use in as little as 20 minutes with <1 minute hands-on-time and 100% antibody recovery: available for fluorescent dyes, HRP, biotin and gold.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab221611 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
WB Use at an assay dependent concentration. Detects a band of approximately 75 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 77 kDa).
IP Use at an assay dependent concentration.
IHC-P Use at an assay dependent concentration.
IHC-Fr Use at an assay dependent concentration.
Flow Cyt Use at an assay dependent concentration.

ab199376 - Rabbit monoclonal IgG, is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.

ICC/IF Use at an assay dependent concentration.

Treatment with 200nM PMA for 30 minutes induces translocation of PKC alpha to the membrane.

Target

  • Function
    This is a calcium-activated, phospholipid-dependent, serine- and threonine-specific enzyme. May play a role in cell motility by phosphorylating CSPG4.
    PKC is activated by diacylglycerol which in turn phosphorylates a range of cellular proteins. PKC also serves as the receptor for phorbol esters, a class of tumor promoters.
  • Sequence similarities
    Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. PKC subfamily.
    Contains 1 AGC-kinase C-terminal domain.
    Contains 1 C2 domain.
    Contains 2 phorbol-ester/DAG-type zinc fingers.
    Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
  • Cellular localization
    Cytoplasm. Cell membrane. Nucleus.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • AAG6 antibody
    • Aging associated gene 6 antibody
    • aPKC antibody
    • KPCA_HUMAN antibody
    • PKC alpha antibody
    • PKC-A antibody
    • PKC-alpha antibody
    • PKCA antibody
    • PRKACA antibody
    • PRKCA antibody
    • Protein Kinase C alpha antibody
    • Protein kinase C alpha type antibody
    see all

Images

  • This WB data was generated using the same anti-PKC alpha antibody clone, Y124, in a different buffer formulation (cat# ab32376).

    Lane 1: Wild-type HAP1 cell lysate (20 µg)
    Lane 2: PKC alpha knockout HAP1 cell lysate (20 µg)
    Lane 3: K562 cell lysate (20 µg)
    Lane 4: HEK293 cell lysate (20 µg)
    Lanes 1 - 4: Merged signal (red and green). Green - ab32376 observed at 77 kDa. Red - loading control, ab8245, observed at 37 kDa.


    Unpurified ab32376 was shown to specifically react with PKC alpha when PKC alpha knockout samples were used. Wild-type and PKC alpha knockout samples were subjected to SDS-PAGE. ab32376 and ab8245 (loading control to GAPDH) were diluted 1/5000 and 1/1000 respectively and incubated overnight at 4°C. Blots were developed with Goat anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (IRDye® 800CW) preadsorbed (ab216773) and Goat anti-Mouse IgG H&L (IRDye® 680RD) preadsorbed (ab216776) secondary antibodies at 1/10 000 dilution for 1 h at room temperature before imaging.

  • ab32376 (purified) at 1:20 dilution (0.5ug) immunoprecipitating PKC alpha in Jurkat (Human T cell leukemia T lymphocyte) whole cell lysate.

    Lane 1 (input): Jurkat (Human T cell leukemia T lymphocyte) whole cell lysate 10ug

    Lane 2 (+): ab32376 & Jurkat (Human T cell leukemia T lymphocyte) whole cell lysate

    Lane 3 (-): Rabbit monoclonal IgG (ab172730) instead of ab32376 in Jurkat (Human T cell leukemia T lymphocyte) whole cell lysate


    For western blotting, VeriBlot for IP Detection Reagent (HRP) (ab131366) was used for detection at 1:1000 dilution.

    Blocking and diluting buffer: 5% NFDM/TBST.

    The band between 37kDa and 50kDa might be the C-term fragment. (PMID:10381525)

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32376).

  • ab32376 (purified) at 1:20 dilution (0.5ug) immunoprecipitating PKC alpha in 293 (Human embryonic kidney epithelial cell) whole cell lysate.

    Lane 1 (input): 293 (Human embryonic kidney epithelial cell) whole cell lysate 10ug

    Lane 2 (+): ab32376 & 293 (Human embryonic kidney epithelial cell) whole cell lysate

    Lane 3 (-): Rabbit monoclonal IgG (ab172730) instead of ab32376 in 293 (Human embryonic kidney epithelial cell) whole cell lysate

    For western blotting, VeriBlot for IP Detection Reagent (HRP) (ab131366) was used for detection at 1:1000 dilution.

    Blocking and diluting buffer: 5% NFDM/TBST.

    The band between 37kDa and 50kDa might be the C-term fragment. (PMID:10381525)

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32376).

  • Flow Cytometry analysis of HeLa (Human cervix adenocarcinoma epithelial cell) cells labeling PKC alpha with purified ab32376 at 1:20 dilution (5 ug/ml) (red). Cells were fixed with 4% Paraformaldehyde. A Goat anti rabbit IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488) secondary antibody was used at 1:2000 dilution. Isotype control - 90% methanol. Unlabeled control - Rabbit monoclonal IgG (Black). Cell without incubation with primary antibody and secondary antibody (Blue).

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32376).

  • Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence analysis of HeLa (Human cervix adenocarcinoma epithelial cell) cells labeling PKC alpha with Purified ab32376 at 1:250 dilution (0.4μg/ml). Cells were fixed in 4% Paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with 0.1% tritonX-100. Cells were counterstained with Ab195889 Anti-alpha Tubulin antibody [DM1A] - Microtubule Marker (Alexa Fluor® 594) 1:200 (2.5 μg/ml). ab150077 Goat anti rabbit IgG(Alexa Fluor® 488) was used as the secondary antibody at 1:1000 dilution. DAPI nuclear counterstain. PBS instead of the primary antibody was used as the secondary antibody only control.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32376).

  • Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections) analysis of Rat liver tissue sections labeling PKC alpha with purified  ab32376 at 1:100 dilution (1.01 μg/ml). Heat mediated antigen retrieval was performed using Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval using EDTA Buffer, pH9.0. Tissue was counterstained with Hematoxylin. ImmunoHistoProbe one step HRP Polymer (ready to use) secondary antibody was used at 1:0 dilution. PBS instead of the primary antibody was used as the negative control.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32376).

  • Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections) analysis of Mouse liver tissue sections labeling PKC alpha with purified  ab32376 at 1:100 dilution (1.01 μg/ml). Heat mediated antigen retrieval was performed using Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval using EDTA Buffer, pH9.0. Tissue was counterstained with Hematoxylin. ImmunoHistoProbe one step HRP Polymer (ready to use) secondary antibody was used at 1:0 dilution. PBS instead of the primary antibody was used as the negative control.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32376).

  • Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections) analysis of Human glioma tissue sections labeling PKC alpha with purified  ab32376 at 1:100 dilution (1.01 μg/ml). Heat mediated antigen retrieval was performed using Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval using EDTA Buffer, pH9.0. Tissue was counterstained with Hematoxylin. ImmunoHistoProbe one step HRP Polymer (ready to use) secondary antibody was used at 1:0 dilution. PBS instead of the primary antibody was used as the negative control.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32376).

  • Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections) analysis of Human endometrium carcinoma tissue sections labeling PKC alpha with purified ab32376 at 1:100 dilution (1.01 μg/ml). Heat mediated antigen retrieval was performed using Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval using EDTA Buffer, pH9.0. Tissue was counterstained with Hematoxylin. ImmunoHistoProbe one step HRP Polymer (ready to use) secondary antibody was used at 1:0 dilution. PBS instead of the primary antibody was used as the negative control.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32376).

  • Unpurified ab32376 staining PKCα in 200nM PMA-treated wild-type HAP1 cells (top panel) and PKCα in 200nM PMA-treated knockout HAP1 cells (bottom panel). The cells were treated with 200nM PMA for 30 minutes to induce translocation of PKCα to the cell membrane. The cells were then fixed with 100% methanol (5min), permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 for 5 minutes and then blocked with 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated with ab32376 at 1/200 dilution and ab7291 at 1ug/ml concentration overnight at +4°C, followed by a further incubation at room temperature for 1h with a goat secondary antibody to Rabbit IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab150081) at 2 μg/ml (shown in green) and a goat secondary antibody to Mouse IgG (Alexa Fluor® 594) (ab150117) at 2ug/ml (shown in pseudo-color red). Nuclear DNA was labelled in blue with DAPI.

    This product also gave a positive signal under the same testing conditions in HAP1 cells fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min).


    Image was taken with a confocal microscope (Leica-Microsystems, TCS SP8).

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32376).

  • ab32376 staining PKC in the HT1080 Cell line by ICC/IF (Immunocytochemistry/immunofluorescence). Cells were fixed with paraformaldehyde, permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100. Samples were incubated with primary antibody (1/400 in PBS) for 1 hour at 22°C. An Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Goat anti-rabbit IgG polyclonal was used as the secondary antibody (1/1000).

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32376).

  • Overlay histogram showing HeLa cells stained with unpurified ab32376 (red line). The cells were fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde (10 min) and then permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Tween for 20 min. The cells were then incubated in 1x PBS / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine to block non-specific protein-protein interactions followed by the antibody (ab32376, 1/100 dilution) for 30 min at 22°C. The secondary antibody used was DyLight® 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) (ab96899) at 1/500 dilution for 30 min at 22°C. Isotype control antibody (black line) was rabbit monoclonal IgG (1µg/1x106 cells) used under the same conditions. Acquisition of >5,000 events was performed. This antibody gave a positive signal in HeLa cells fixed with methanol (5 min)/permeabilized in 0.1% PBS-Tween used under the same conditions.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32376).

  • This ICC/IF data was generated using the same anti-PKC alpha antibody clone, Y124, in a different buffer formulation (cat# ab32376).

    Unpurified ab32376 staining PKCα in wild-type HAP1 cells (top panel) and PKCα in knockout HAP1 cells (bottom panel). In untreated conditions, PKCα is expressed in the cytoplasm of the cells. The cells were then fixed with 100% methanol (5min), permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 for 5 minutes and then blocked with 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated with ab32376 at 1/200 dilution and ab7291 at 1ug/ml concentration overnight at +4°C, followed by a further incubation at room temperature for 1h with a goat secondary antibody to Rabbit IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab150081) at 2 μg/ml (shown in green) and a goat secondary antibody to Mouse IgG (Alexa Fluor® 594) (ab150117) at 2ug/ml (shown in pseudo-color red). Nuclear DNA was labelled in blue with DAPI.

    This product also gave a positive signal under the same testing conditions in HAP1 cells fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min).


    Image was taken with a confocal microscope (Leica-Microsystems, TCS SP8).

  • This IHC data was generated using the same anti-PKC alpha antibody clone, Y124, in a different buffer formulation (cat# ab32376).

    Immunohistochemical analysis of mouse small intestine tissue, staining PKC alpha with unpurified ab32376.

References

This product has been referenced in:
  • Lum MA  et al. PKCa is Resistant to Long-Term Desensitization/Downregulation by Prolonged Diacylglycerol Stimulation. J Biol Chem N/A:N/A (2016). WB, IHC, ICC/IF ; Rat, Human . Read more (PubMed: 26769967) »
  • Termini CM  et al. Tetraspanin CD82 Regulates the Spatiotemporal Dynamics of PKCa in Acute Myeloid Leukemia. Sci Rep 6:29859 (2016). IHC-P ; Human . Read more (PubMed: 27417454) »
See all 27 Publications for this product

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