Recombinant
RabMAb

Recombinant Anti-PKC antibody [EPR16898] (Alexa Fluor® 568) (ab223446)

Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-PKC antibody [EPR16898] (Alexa Fluor® 568)
    See all PKC primary antibodies
  • Description

    Rabbit monoclonal [EPR16898] to PKC (Alexa Fluor® 568)
  • Host species

    Rabbit
  • Conjugation

    Alexa Fluor® 568. Ex: 578nm, Em: 603nm
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: ICC/IF, Flow Cytmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Human
    Predicted to work with: Mouse, Rat
  • Immunogen

    Recombinant fragment within Human PKC aa 300-500. The exact sequence is proprietary. Also SwissProt IDs: P17252 = Protein kinase C alpha type. P05129 = Protein kinase C gamma type.
    Database link: P05771

  • Positive control

    • ICC/IF: K562 cells. Flow Cyt: K562 cells
  • General notes

    Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents.

    Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc, a Thermo Fisher Scientific Company. The Alexa Fluor® dye included in this product is provided under an intellectual property license from Life Technologies Corporation. As this product contains the Alexa Fluor® dye, the purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). As this product contains the Alexa Fluor® dye the sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components, or any materials made using the product or its components, in any activity to generate revenue, which may include, but is not limited to use of the product or its components: in manufacturing; (ii) to provide a service, information, or data in return for payment (iii) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; or (iv) for resale, regardless of whether they are sold for use in research. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, 5781 Van Allen Way, Carlsbad, CA 92008 USA or outlicensing@thermofisher.com.

    This product is a recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibody.

Properties

  • Form

    Liquid
  • Storage instructions

    Shipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C. Stable for 12 months at -20°C. Store In the Dark.
  • Storage buffer

    pH: 7.4
    Preservative: 0.02% Sodium azide
    Constituents: 1% BSA, 30% Glycerol, PBS
  • Concentration information loading...
  • Purity

    Protein A purified
  • Clonality

    Monoclonal
  • Clone number

    EPR16898
  • Isotype

    IgG
  • Research areas

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab223446 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
ICC/IF 1/50.

This product gave a positive signal in K562 cells fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min) and 80% methanol (5 min)

Flow Cyt 1/50.

Target

  • Function

    Calcium-activated, phospholipid- and diacylglycerol (DAG)-dependent serine/threonine-protein kinase that is involved in positive and negative regulation of cell proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation, migration and adhesion, tumorigenesis, cardiac hypertrophy, angiogenesis, platelet function and inflammation, by directly phosphorylating targets such as RAF1, BCL2, CSPG4, TNNT2/CTNT, or activating signaling cascade involving MAPK1/3 (ERK1/2) and RAP1GAP. Involved in cell proliferation and cell growth arrest by positive and negative regulation of the cell cycle. Can promote cell growth by phosphorylating and activating RAF1, which mediates the activation of the MAPK/ERK signaling cascade, and/or by up-regulating CDKN1A, which facilitates active cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) complex formation in glioma cells. In intestinal cells stimulated by the phorbol ester PMA, can trigger a cell cycle arrest program which is associated with the accumulation of the hyper-phosphorylated growth-suppressive form of RB1 and induction of the CDK inhibitors CDKN1A and CDKN1B. Exhibits anti-apoptotic function in glioma cells and protects them from apoptosis by suppressing the p53/TP53-mediated activation of IGFBP3, and in leukemia cells mediates anti-apoptotic action by phosphorylating BCL2. During macrophage differentiation induced by macrophage colony-stimulating factor (CSF1), is translocated to the nucleus and is associated with macrophage development. After wounding, translocates from focal contacts to lamellipodia and participates in the modulation of desmosomal adhesion. Plays a role in cell motility by phosphorylating CSPG4, which induces association of CSPG4 with extensive lamellipodia at the cell periphery and polarization of the cell accompanied by increases in cell motility. Is highly expressed in a number of cancer cells where it can act as a tumor promoter and is implicated in malignant phenotypes of several tumors such as gliomas and breast cancers. Negatively regulates myocardial contractility and positively regulates angiogenesis, platelet aggregation and thrombus formation in arteries. Mediates hypertrophic growth of neonatal cardiomyocytes, in part through a MAPK1/3 (ERK1/2)-dependent signaling pathway, and upon PMA treatment, is required to induce cardiomyocyte hypertrophy up to heart failure and death, by increasing protein synthesis, protein-DNA ratio and cell surface area. Regulates cardiomyocyte function by phosphorylating cardiac troponin T (TNNT2/CTNT), which induces significant reduction in actomyosin ATPase activity, myofilament calcium sensitivity and myocardial contractility. In angiogenesis, is required for full endothelial cell migration, adhesion to vitronectin (VTN), and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA)-dependent regulation of kinase activation and vascular tube formation. Involved in the stabilization of VEGFA mRNA at post-transcriptional level and mediates VEGFA-induced cell proliferation. In the regulation of calcium-induced platelet aggregation, mediates signals from the CD36/GP4 receptor for granule release, and activates the integrin heterodimer ITGA2B-ITGB3 through the RAP1GAP pathway for adhesion. During response to lipopolysaccharides (LPS), may regulate selective LPS-induced macrophage functions involved in host defense and inflammation. But in some inflammatory responses, may negatively regulate NF-kappa-B-induced genes, through IL1A-dependent induction of NF-kappa-B inhibitor alpha (NFKBIA/IKBA). Upon stimulation with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), phosphorylates EIF4G1, which modulates EIF4G1 binding to MKNK1 and may be involved in the regulation of EIF4E phosphorylation. Phosphorylates KIT, leading to inhibition of KIT activity. Phosphorylates ATF2 which promotes cooperation between ATF2 and JUN, activating transcription.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. PKC subfamily.
    Contains 1 AGC-kinase C-terminal domain.
    Contains 1 C2 domain.
    Contains 2 phorbol-ester/DAG-type zinc fingers.
    Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
  • Cellular localization

    Cytoplasm. Cell membrane. Mitochondrion membrane. Nucleus.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • KPCA_HUMAN antibody
    • PKC alpha antibody
    • PKC beta antibody
    • PKC delta antibody
    • PKC epsilon antibody
    • PKC gamma antibody
    • PKC zeta antibody
    • PKC-A antibody
    • PKC-alpha antibody
    • PKC2 antibody
    • PKCA antibody
    • PKCB antibody
    • PKCD antibody
    • PKCE antibody
    • PKCG antibody
    • PRKCA antibody
    • PRKCB antibody
    • PRKCB1 antibody
    • PRKCB2 antibody
    • PRKCD antibody
    • PRKCE antibody
    • PRKCG antibody
    • PRKCZ antibody
    • Protein kinase C alpha antibody
    • Protein kinase C alpha type antibody
    • Protein kinase C antibody
    • Protein kinase C beta antibody
    • Protein kinase C delta antibody
    • Protein kinase C epsilon antibody
    • Protein kinase C gamma antibody
    • Protein kinase C zeta antibody
    see all

Images

  • Overlay histogram showing K562 cells stained with ab223446 (red line). The cells were fixed with 80% methanol (5 min) and then permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Triton X-100 for 15 min. The cells were then incubated in 1x PBS / 10% normal goat serum to block non-specific protein-protein interactions followed by the antibody (ab223446, 1/50 dilution) for 30 min at 22°C.

    Isotype control antibody (black line) was Rabbit IgG (monoclonal) Alexa Fluor® 568 (ab209613) used at the same concentration and conditions as the primary antibody. Unlabelled sample (blue line) was also used as a control.

    Acquisition of >5,000 events were collected using a 50 mW Yellow/Green laser (561nm) and 586/15 bandpass filter.

    This antibody gave a positive signal in K562 cells fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min)/permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Triton X-100 for 15 min used under the same conditions.

  • ab223446 staining PKC in K562 cells. The cells were fixed with 80% methanol (5 min), permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 for 5 minutes and then blocked with 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated overnight at +4°C with ab223446 at 1/50 dilution (pseudocolored in green) and ab195884, Rat monoclonal to Tubulin (Alexa Fluor® 647), at 1/250 dilution (shown in red). Nuclear DNA was labelled with DAPI (shown in blue).

    Image was taken with a confocal microscope (Leica-Microsystems, TCS SP8).

    This product also gave a positive signal under the same testing conditions in K562 cells fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min).

References

ab223446 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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