Key features and details
- Sample type: Cit plasma, Hep Plasma, Serum
- Detection method: Colorimetric
- Assay type: Sandwich (qualitative)
- Reacts with: Human
Product nameDengue Virus IgM ELISA kit (µ-capture)
See all Dengue Virus IgM kits
Intra-assay Sample n Mean SD CV% sample 23 0.53nM 3.23% sample 24 1.019nM 2.44% sample 24 0.986nM 2.75% Inter-assay Sample n Mean SD CV% sample 12 18.77nM 6.6% sample 12 8.96nM 6.16% sample 12 5.32nM 5.79%
Sample typeSerum, Hep Plasma, Cit plasma
Assay typeSandwich (qualitative)
Assay durationMultiple steps standard assay
Species reactivityReacts with: Human
Dengue Virus IgM ELISA kit (µ-capture) (ab247193) is designed for the qualitative determination of IgM class antibodies against Dengue Virus in human serum or plasma (citrate, heparin).
The qualitative immunoenzymatic determination of specific antibodies is based on the ELISA (Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay) technique. Microplates are coated with specific antigens to bind corresponding antibodies of the sample. After washing the wells to remove all unbound sample material a horseradish peroxidase (HRP) labelled conjugate is added. This conjugate binds to the captured antibodies. In a second washing step unbound conjugate is removed. The immune complex formed by the bound conjugate is visualized by adding Tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) substrate which gives a blue reaction product. The intensity of this product is proportional to the amount of specific antibodies in the sample. Sulphuric acid is added to stop the reaction. This produces a yellow endpoint colour. Absorbance at 450/620 nm is read using an ELISA microwell plate reader.
Dengue fever, also known as breakbone fever, is an infectious tropical disease caused by the dengue virus and transmitted by mosquitoes. Dengue fever virus (DENV) is a virus of the family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus and contains a single-stranded RNA genome with positive polarity. There are four serotypes of the virus, which are referred to as DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3 and DENV-4. The geographical distribution is around the equator, particularly Latin America, Central Africa, India, Southeast Asia, Western Pacific and South of the USA. Dengue viruses are transmitted to humans through the bites of infective female yellow fever mosquitoes (Stegomyia aegypti, formerly Aedes aegypti). The mosquitoes generally acquire the virus while feeding on the blood of an infected person. After virus incubation for eight to ten days, an infected mosquito is capable, during probing and blood feeding, of transmitting the virus for the rest of its life.
Yellow fever mosquitoes are well adapted to living in close proximity to humans, and to feeding off people rather than other vertebrates. They prefer to lay their eggs in artificial water containers, such as flower vases, uncovered barrels, buckets and discarded tires. The incubation period ranges from 3-14 days, but most often it is 4-7 days. Typically, people infected with dengue virus are asymptomatic or only have symptoms of a common cold. The characteristic symptoms of dengue are sudden-onset fever (up to 40 °C) with intense headache (especially behind the eyes), and muscle and joint pain. In combination with a skin rash these symptoms are known as the ‘dengue triad’. This usually lasts 3-7 days. In some patients the disease proceeds to a critical phase. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) or Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS) occur in less than 5 % of all cases of dengue. About 1-5 % of severe cases are fatal. In individual epidemics the case-fatality rate may reach up to 15 %. Infection with one serotype is believed to produce lifelong immunity to that serotype but only short-term protection against the others. Secondary infection with a different serotype may result in severe clinical manifestations. There is no vaccination available.
PlatformPre-coated microplate (12 x 8 well strips)
Storage instructionsStore at +4°C. Please refer to protocols.
Components Identifier 1 x 96 tests 20X Washing Solution White cap 1 x 50ml Cover Foil 1 unit Dengue Virus Antigen 1 vial Dengue Virus Coated Microplate (IgM) 1 unit Dengue Virus HRP conjugate 1 x 15ml IgM Cut-off Control 1 x 3ml IgM Negative Control 1 x 2ml IgM Positive Control 1 x 2ml Sample Diluent 1 x 100ml Stop Solution red cap 1 x 15ml TMB Substrate Solution Yellow cap 1 x 15ml
Specific antigens are coated on the 96-well plate, controls or test samples are added to the well and incubated. The wells are washed to remove any unbound Human anti-antigen antibodies (Ig). A horseradish peroxidase (HRP) labelled anti-Human Ig conjugate is added to the wells. TMB is then catalyzed by the HRP to produce a blue color product that changes to yellow after adding an acidic stop solution. The intensity of yellow coloration is directly proportional to the amount of Human anti-antigen Ig captured on the plate.
ab247193 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.