Key features and details
- One-wash 90 minute protocol
- Sensitivity: 42 pg/ml
- Range: 0.23 ng/ml - 15 ng/ml
- Sample type: Cell culture extracts
- Detection method: Colorimetric
- Assay type: Sandwich (quantitative)
- Reacts with: Human
Product nameHuman HIF-1 alpha ELISA Kit
See all HIF-1 alpha kits
Intra-assay Sample n Mean SD CV% HeLa lysates 5 4.3% Inter-assay Sample n Mean SD CV% HeLa lysates 3 7%
Sample typeCell culture extracts
Assay typeSandwich (quantitative)
Range0.23 ng/ml - 15 ng/ml
Sample specific recovery Sample type Average % Range Cell culture media 112 94% - 129% Fetal Bovine Serum 109 102% - 120% Bovine Serum Albumin 97 93% - 106%
Assay time1h 30m
Assay durationOne step assay
Species reactivityReacts with: Human
Human HIF1a ELISA kit (ab171577) is a single-wash 90 min sandwich ELISA designed for the quantitative measurement of HIF1a protein in human cell extracts. It uses our proprietary SimpleStep ELISA® technology. Quantitate human HIF1a with 42 pg/ml sensitivity.
SimpleStep ELISA® technology employs capture antibodies conjugated to an affinity tag that is recognized by the monoclonal antibody used to coat our SimpleStep ELISA® plates. This approach to sandwich ELISA allows the formation of the antibody-analyte sandwich complex in a single step, significantly reducing assay time. See the SimpleStep ELISA® protocol summary in the image section for further details. Our SimpleStep ELISA® technology provides several benefits:
-Single-wash protocol reduces assay time to 90 minutes or less
-High sensitivity, specificity and reproducibility from superior antibodies
-Fully validated in biological samples
-96-wells plate breakable into 12 x 8 wells strips
A 384-well SimpleStep ELISA® microplate (ab203359) is available to use as an alternative to the 96-well microplate provided with SimpeStep ELISA® kits.
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1 alpha) is a constitutively expressed transcription factor that is degraded under normal oxygen tensions but stabilized when oxygen is limiting (hypoxia). Under hypoxic conditions, stabilized HIF1 alpha translocates to the nucleus and promotes the transcription of a host of genes that enable the cell to adapt to the lack of oxygen. Aspects of the HIF1 alpha mediated hypoxic response include promotion of angiogenesis and the switch from aerobic respiration to anaerobic glycolysis. Many of the HIF1 alpha responsive genes encode proteins that promote glycolysis and/or inhibit oxidative phosphorylation (known as the Warburg effect). An exciting and developing area of current cancer research is examining how HIF-mediated metabolic reprogramming promotes tumor growth and survival.
In most cases, HIF1 alpha will need to be stabilized to be measured (steady state levels of HIF1 alpha in non-hypoxic environments is exceeding low in most cell lines). This can be achieved by (a) creating a hypoxic environment (e.g. using a hypoxia chamber) or (b) by using chemical treatments that mimic hypoxia (e.g. cobalt chloride or deferoxamine). The sample data in this assay protocol was generated using deferoxamine (DFO). DFO is an iron chelator and disrupts the function the prolyl hydroxylases that degrade HIF1 alpha in normoxia. By disrupting the enzymes that degrade HIF1 alpha, DFO increases the abundance of HIF1 alpha protein.
Abcam has not and does not intend to apply for the REACH Authorisation of customers’ uses of products that contain European Authorisation list (Annex XIV) substances.
It is the responsibility of our customers to check the necessity of application of REACH Authorisation, and any other relevant authorisations, for their intended uses.
Storage instructionsStore at +4°C. Please refer to protocols.
Components 1 x 96 tests 10X Human HIF1a Capture Antibody 1 x 600µl 10X Human HIF1a Detector Antibody 1 x 600µl 10X Wash Buffer PT (ab206977) 1 x 20ml 50X Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (ab193971) 1 x 1ml 5X Cell Extraction Buffer PTR (ab193970) 1 x 10ml Antibody Diluent 5B 1 x 6ml HIF1a Human Lyophilized Protein 2 vials Plate Seals 1 unit Sample Diluent NS (ab193972) 1 x 12ml SimpleStep Pre-Coated 96-Well Microplate (ab206978) 1 unit Stop Solution 1 x 12ml TMB Development Solution 1 x 12ml
FunctionFunctions as a master transcriptional regulator of the adaptive response to hypoxia. Under hypoxic conditions activates the transcription of over 40 genes, including, erythropoietin, glucose transporters, glycolytic enzymes, vascular endothelial growth factor, and other genes whose protein products increase oxygen delivery or facilitate metabolic adaptation to hypoxia. Plays an essential role in embryonic vascularization, tumor angiogenesis and pathophysiology of ischemic disease. Binds to core DNA sequence 5'-[AG]CGTG-3' within the hypoxia response element (HRE) of target gene promoters. Activation requires recruitment of transcriptional coactivators such as CREBPB and EP300. Activity is enhanced by interaction with both, NCOA1 or NCOA2. Interaction with redox regulatory protein APEX seems to activate CTAD and potentiates activation by NCOA1 and CREBBP.
Tissue specificityExpressed in most tissues with highest levels in kidney and heart. Overexpressed in the majority of common human cancers and their metastases, due to the presence of intratumoral hypoxia and as a result of mutations in genes encoding oncoproteins and tumor suppressors.
Sequence similaritiesContains 1 basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain.
Contains 1 PAC (PAS-associated C-terminal) domain.
Contains 2 PAS (PER-ARNT-SIM) domains.
DomainContains two independent C-terminal transactivation domains, NTAD and CTAD, which function synergistically. Their transcriptional activity is repressed by an intervening inhibitory domain (ID).
modificationsIn normoxia, is hydroxylated on Pro-402 and Pro-564 in the oxygen-dependent degradation domain (ODD) by EGLN1/PHD1 and EGLN2/PHD2. EGLN3/PHD3 has also been shown to hydroxylate Pro-564. The hydroxylated prolines promote interaction with VHL, initiating rapid ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation. Deubiquitinated by USP20. Under hypoxia, proline hydroxylation is impaired and ubiquitination is attenuated, resulting in stabilization.
In normoxia, is hydroxylated on Asn-803 by HIF1AN, thus abrogating interaction with CREBBP and EP300 and preventing transcriptional activation. This hydroxylation is inhibited by the Cu/Zn-chelator, Clioquinol.
S-nitrosylation of Cys-800 may be responsible for increased recruitment of p300 coactivator necessary for transcriptional activity of HIF-1 complex.
Requires phosphorylation for DNA-binding.
Sumoylated; by SUMO1 under hypoxia. Sumoylation is enhanced through interaction with RWDD3. Desumoylation by SENP1 leads to increased HIF1A stability and transriptional activity.
Ubiquitinated; in normoxia, following hydroxylation and interaction with VHL. Lys-532 appears to be the principal site of ubiquitination. Clioquinol, the Cu/Zn-chelator, inhibits ubiquitination through preventing hydroxylation at Asn-803.
The iron and 2-oxoglutarate dependent 3-hydroxylation of asparagine is (S) stereospecific within HIF CTAD domains.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasmic in normoxia, nuclear translocation in response to hypoxia. Colocalizes with SUMO1 in the nucleus, under hypoxia.
- Information by UniProt
- ARNT interacting protein
- ARNT-interacting protein
- Basic helix loop helix PAS protein MOP1
SimpleStep ELISA technology allows the formation of the antibody-antigen complex in one single step, reducing assay time to 90 minutes. Add samples or standards and antibody mix to wells all at once, incubate, wash, and add your final substrate. See protocol for a detailed step-by-step guide.
Example HIF1 alpha standard curve. Background-subtracted data values (mean +/- SD) are graphed.
Titration of HeLa-DFO extract within the working range of the assay. Background subtracted data from duplicate measurements are plotted. To induce HIF1 alpha protein levels, HeLa cells were treated with 500 µM Deferoxamine (DFO) for 24 hours.
Dose-dependent induction of HIF1 alpha in HeLa cells by deferoxamine (DFO). HeLa cells were cultured in 96-well tissue culture plates and were either untreated or exposed to varying dose of DFO for 24 hours. Raw data with standard deviation is plotted from triplicate measurements.
Comparison of HIF1 alpha expression in HeLa cell extracts (with and without DFO treatment) by ELISA (barchart) and western blot (top). Background subtracted OD450 nm data from three loading concentrations are shown. The HIF1 alpha detector antibody was used to blot the same lysates as analyzed by ELISA (40 µg loaded/lane). The GAPDH blot is included to show the relative loads of each lysate. In the HeLa cell line, DFO treatment is required to detect HIF1 alpha protein by both ELISA and western blot.
ab171577 has been referenced in 17 publications.
- Fatima K et al. Carvacrol Arrests the Proliferation of Hypopharyngeal Carcinoma Cells by Suppressing Ornithine Decarboxylase and Hyaluronidase Activities. Front Nutr 9:857256 (2022). PubMed: 35464036
- Gorczyca L et al. Low oxygen tension differentially regulates the expression of placental solute carriers and ABC transporters. FEBS Lett 595:811-827 (2021). PubMed: 32978975
- Kang HT et al. Macro-encapsulation of mesenchymal stem cells in acute and chronic liver injury animal models. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 36:1997-2007 (2021). PubMed: 33554346
- Feng E et al. Inhibition of HMGB1 Might Enhance the Protective Effect of Taxifolin in Cardiomyocytes via PI3K/AKT Signaling Pathway. Iran J Pharm Res 20:316-332 (2021). PubMed: 34567165
- Lee SM et al. Optimal Hypoxic Preconditioning of Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (hES-MSCs) and Their Characteristics. Int J Stem Cells 14:221-228 (2021). PubMed: 33632987