Key features and details
- Produced recombinantly (animal-free) for high batch-to-batch consistency and long term security of supply
- Rabbit monoclonal [EPR9941-2] to PTEN
- Suitable for: IHC-P, WB, Flow Cyt
- Knockout validated
- Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Human
Product nameAnti-PTEN antibody [EPR9941-2]
See all PTEN primary antibodies
DescriptionRabbit monoclonal [EPR9941-2] to PTEN
Tested applicationsSuitable for: IHC-P, WB, Flow Cytmore details
Species reactivityReacts with: Mouse, Rat, Human
Full length protein corresponding to Human PTEN aa 1 to the C-terminus.
Database link: P60484
- WB: HeLa, MCF7 and 293T cell lysates. IHC-P: Human breast carcinoma and colon tissues.
This product is a recombinant monoclonal antibody, which offers several advantages including:
- - High batch-to-batch consistency and reproducibility
- - Improved sensitivity and specificity
- - Long-term security of supply
- - Animal-free production
Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMAb® patents.
We are constantly working hard to ensure we provide our customers with best in class antibodies. As a result of this work we are pleased to now offer this antibody in purified format. We are in the process of updating our datasheets. The purified format is designated 'PUR' on our product labels. If you have any questions regarding this update, please contact our Scientific Support team.
Reproducibility is key to advancing scientific discovery and accelerating scientists’ next breakthrough.
Abcam is leading the way with our range of recombinant antibodies, knockout-validated antibodies and knockout cell lines, all of which support improved reproducibility.
We are also planning to innovate the way in which we present recommended applications and species on our product datasheets, so that only applications & species that have been tested in our own labs, our suppliers or by selected trusted collaborators are covered by our Abpromise™ guarantee.
In preparation for this, we have started to update the applications & species that this product is Abpromise guaranteed for.
We are also updating the applications & species that this product has been “predicted to work with,” however this information is not covered by our Abpromise guarantee.
Applications & species from publications and Abreviews that have not been tested in our own labs or in those of our suppliers are not covered by the Abpromise guarantee.
Please check that this product meets your needs before purchasing. If you have any questions, special requirements or concerns, please send us an inquiry and/or contact our Support team ahead of purchase. Recommended alternatives for this product can be found below, as well as customer reviews and Q&As.
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C long term. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
Storage bufferPreservative: 0.01% Sodium azide
Constituents: 40% Glycerol, 59% PBS, 0.05% BSA
Concentration information loading...
PurityProtein A purified
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab170941 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|IHC-P||1/50 - 1/100. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with Tris/EDTA buffer pH 9.0 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.|
|WB||1/1000 - 1/5000. Predicted molecular weight: 47 kDa.|
FunctionTumor suppressor. Acts as a dual-specificity protein phosphatase, dephosphorylating tyrosine-, serine- and threonine-phosphorylated proteins. Also acts as a lipid phosphatase, removing the phosphate in the D3 position of the inositol ring from phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate, phosphatidylinositol 3,4-diphosphate, phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate and inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate with order of substrate preference in vitro PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 > PtdIns(3,4)P2 > PtdIns3P > Ins(1,3,4,5)P4. The lipid phosphatase activity is critical for its tumor suppressor function. Antagonizes the PI3K-AKT/PKB signaling pathway by dephosphorylating phosphoinositides and thereby modulating cell cycle progression and cell survival. The unphosphorylated form cooperates with AIP1 to suppress AKT1 activation. Dephosphorylates tyrosine-phosphorylated focal adhesion kinase and inhibits cell migration and integrin-mediated cell spreading and focal adhesion formation. Plays a role as a key modulator of the AKT-mTOR signaling pathway controlling the tempo of the process of newborn neurons integration during adult neurogenesis, including correct neuron positioning, dendritic development and synapse formation. May be a negative regulator of insulin signaling and glucose metabolism in adipose tissue. The nuclear monoubiquitinated form possesses greater apoptotic potential, whereas the cytoplasmic nonubiquitinated form induces less tumor suppressive ability. In motile cells, suppresses the formation of lateral pseudopods and thereby promotes cell polarization and directed movement.
Isoform alpha: Functional kinase, like isoform 1 it antagonizes the PI3K-AKT/PKB signaling pathway. Plays a role in mitochondrial energetic metabolism by promoting COX activity and ATP production, via collaboration with isoform 1 in increasing protein levels of PINK1.
Tissue specificityExpressed at a relatively high level in all adult tissues, including heart, brain, placenta, lung, liver, muscle, kidney and pancreas.
Involvement in diseaseCowden syndrome 1
Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck
PTEN mutations are found in a subset of patients with Proteus syndrome, a genetically heterogeneous condition. The molecular diagnosis of PTEN mutation positive cases classifies Proteus syndrome patients as part of the PTEN hamartoma syndrome spectrum. As such, patients surviving the early years of Proteus syndrome are likely at a greater risk of developing malignancies.
VACTERL association with hydrocephalus
A microdeletion of chromosome 10q23 involving BMPR1A and PTEN is a cause of chromosome 10q23 deletion syndrome, which shows overlapping features of the following three disorders: Bannayan-Zonana syndrome, Cowden disease and juvenile polyposis syndrome.
Sequence similaritiesContains 1 C2 tensin-type domain.
Contains 1 phosphatase tensin-type domain.
DomainThe C2 domain binds phospholipid membranes in vitro in a Ca(2+)-independent manner; this binding is important for its tumor suppressor function.
modificationsConstitutively phosphorylated by CK2 under normal conditions. Phosphorylated in vitro by MAST1, MAST2, MAST3 and STK11. Phosphorylation results in an inhibited activity towards PIP3. Phosphorylation can both inhibit or promote PDZ-binding. Phosphorylation at Tyr-336 by FRK/PTK5 protects this protein from ubiquitin-mediated degradation probably by inhibiting its binding to NEDD4. Phosphorylation by ROCK1 is essential for its stability and activity. Phosphorylation by PLK3 promotes its stability and prevents its degradation by the proteasome.
Monoubiquitinated; monoubiquitination is increased in presence of retinoic acid. Deubiquitinated by USP7; leading to its nuclear exclusion. Monoubiquitination of one of either Lys-13 and Lys-289 amino acid is sufficient to modulate PTEN compartmentalization. Ubiquitinated by XIAP/BIRC4.
Cellular localizationSecreted. May be secreted via a classical signal peptide and reenter into cells with the help of a poly-Arg motif and Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Nucleus, PML body. Monoubiquitinated form is nuclear. Nonubiquitinated form is cytoplasmic. Colocalized with PML and USP7 in PML nuclear bodies. XIAP/BIRC4 promotes its nuclear localization.
- Information by UniProt
- 10q23del antibody
- BZS antibody
- DEC antibody
All lanes : Anti-PTEN antibody [EPR9941-2] (ab170941) at 0.05 µg/ml (purified)
Lane 1 : HeLa (Human cervix adenocarcinoma epithelial cell) whole cell lysates
Lane 2 : 293T (Human embryonic kidney epithelial cell) whole cell lysates
Lane 3 : Rat brain lysates
Lane 4 : Mouse brain lysates
Lysates/proteins at 20 µg per lane.
All lanes : Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) (ab97051) at 1/20000 dilution
Predicted band size: 47 kDa
Blocking and diluting buffer: 5% NFDM/TBST.
Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections) analysis of Rat cerebrum tissue sections labeling PTEN with Purified ab170941 at 1:50 dilution (5.3 µg/ml). Heat mediated antigen retrieval was performed using ab93684 (Tris/EDTA buffer, pH 9.0)ImmunoHistoProbe one step HRP Polymer (ready to use)was used as the secondary antibody.Negative control:PBS instead of the primary antibody.Hematoxylinwas used as a counterstain
Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections) analysis of Mouse cerebrum tissue sections labeling PTEN with Purified ab170941 at 1:50 dilution (5.3 µg/ml). Heat mediated antigen retrieval was performed using ab93684 (Tris/EDTA buffer, pH 9.0)ImmunoHistoProbe one step HRP Polymer (ready to use)was used as the secondary antibody.Negative control:PBS instead of the primary antibody.Hematoxylinwas used as a counterstain
Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections) analysis of Human pancreas tissue sections labeling PTEN with Purified ab170941 at 1:50 dilution (5.3 µg/ml). Heat mediated antigen retrieval was performed using ab93684 (Tris/EDTA buffer, pH 9.0)ImmunoHistoProbe one step HRP Polymer (ready to use)was used as the secondary antibody.Negative control:PBS instead of the primary antibody.Hematoxylinwas used as a counterstain.
Lane 1: Wild-type HAP1 cell lysate (20 µg)
Lane 2: PTEN knockout HAP1 cell lysate (20 µg)
Lanes 1 and 2: Merged signal (red and green). Green - ab170941 observed at 47 kDa. Red - loading control, ab8245, observed at 37 kDa.
Unpurified ab170941 was shown to specifically react with PTEN in wild-type HAP1 cells. No band was observed when PTEN knockout samples were used. Wild-type and PTEN knockout samples were subjected to SDS-PAGE, ab170941 and ab8245 (loading control to GAPDH) were diluted 1/500 and 1/1000 respectively and incubated overnight at 4°C. Blots were developed with Goat anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (IRDye® 800CW) preadsorbed (ab216773) and Goat anti-Mouse IgG H&L (IRDye® 680RD) preadsorbed (ab216776) secondary antibodies at 1/10,000 dilution for 1hr at room temperature before imaging.
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded Human breast carcinoma tissue labeling PTEN with unpurifed ab170941 at 1/50 dilution. Heat mediated antigen retrieval was performed using citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
Flow Cytometry analysis of HeLa (human cervix adenocarcinoma) cells labeling PTEN with purified ab170941 at 1/120 dilution(10ug/ml) (red). Cells were fixed with 80% methanol and permeabilised with 0.1% Tween-20. A Goat anti rabbit IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488)(ab150077)(1/2000 dilution) was used as the secondary antibody. Rabbit monoclonal IgG (Black)(ab172730) was used as the isotype control, cells without incubation with primary antibody and secondary antibody (Blue) were used as the unlabeled control.
All lanes : Anti-PTEN antibody [EPR9941-2] (ab170941) at 1/1000 dilution (Unpurified)
Lane 1 : HeLa cell lysates
Lane 2 : MCF7 cell lysates
Lane 3 : 293T cell lysates
Lysates/proteins at 10 µg per lane.
Predicted band size: 47 kDa
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded Human colon tissue labeling PTEN with unpurifed ab170941 at 1/50 dilution. Heat mediated antigen retrieval was performed using citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
ab170941 has been referenced in 20 publications.
- Hou K et al. Bone mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomal microRNA-29b-3p prevents hypoxic-ischemic injury in rat brain by activating the PTEN-mediated Akt signaling pathway. J Neuroinflammation 17:46 (2020). PubMed: 32014002
- Li B et al. The MSC-Derived Exosomal lncRNA H19 Promotes Wound Healing in Diabetic Foot Ulcers by Upregulating PTEN via MicroRNA-152-3p. Mol Ther Nucleic Acids 19:814-826 (2020). PubMed: 31958697
- Feng X et al. LncRNA Blnc1 expression and its effect on renal fibrosis in diabetic nephropathy. Am J Transl Res 11:5664-5672 (2019). PubMed: 31632538
- Tang G et al. TROP2 increases growth and metastasis of human oral squamous cell carcinoma through activation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Int J Mol Med 44:2161-2170 (2019). PubMed: 31638186
- Huang H et al. ANGPTL2 regulates autophagy through the MEK/ERK/Nrf-1 pathway and affects the progression of renal fibrosis in diabetic nephropathy. Am J Transl Res 11:5472-5486 (2019). PubMed: 31632523