Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-PTEN antibody [PTEN/2110]
    See all PTEN primary antibodies
  • Description

    Mouse monoclonal [PTEN/2110] to PTEN
  • Host species

    Mouse
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: IHC-P, Protein Arraymore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Human
  • Immunogen

    Recombinant full length protein corresponding to Human PTEN.
    Database link: P60484

  • Positive control

    • IHC-P: Human prostate carcinoma and renal cell carcinoma tissue.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab238032 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
IHC-P Use a concentration of 1 - 2 µg/ml.

Primary incubation for 30 minutes at room temperature.

Staining of formalin-fixed tissues requires boiling tissue sections in 10mM Citrate Buffer, pH 6.0, for 10-20 minutes followed by cooling at RT for 20 minutes.

Protein Array Use at an assay dependent concentration.

Target

  • Function

    Tumor suppressor. Acts as a dual-specificity protein phosphatase, dephosphorylating tyrosine-, serine- and threonine-phosphorylated proteins. Also acts as a lipid phosphatase, removing the phosphate in the D3 position of the inositol ring from phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate, phosphatidylinositol 3,4-diphosphate, phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate and inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate with order of substrate preference in vitro PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 > PtdIns(3,4)P2 > PtdIns3P > Ins(1,3,4,5)P4. The lipid phosphatase activity is critical for its tumor suppressor function. Antagonizes the PI3K-AKT/PKB signaling pathway by dephosphorylating phosphoinositides and thereby modulating cell cycle progression and cell survival. The unphosphorylated form cooperates with AIP1 to suppress AKT1 activation. Dephosphorylates tyrosine-phosphorylated focal adhesion kinase and inhibits cell migration and integrin-mediated cell spreading and focal adhesion formation. Plays a role as a key modulator of the AKT-mTOR signaling pathway controlling the tempo of the process of newborn neurons integration during adult neurogenesis, including correct neuron positioning, dendritic development and synapse formation. May be a negative regulator of insulin signaling and glucose metabolism in adipose tissue. The nuclear monoubiquitinated form possesses greater apoptotic potential, whereas the cytoplasmic nonubiquitinated form induces less tumor suppressive ability. In motile cells, suppresses the formation of lateral pseudopods and thereby promotes cell polarization and directed movement.
    Isoform alpha: Functional kinase, like isoform 1 it antagonizes the PI3K-AKT/PKB signaling pathway. Plays a role in mitochondrial energetic metabolism by promoting COX activity and ATP production, via collaboration with isoform 1 in increasing protein levels of PINK1.
  • Tissue specificity

    Expressed at a relatively high level in all adult tissues, including heart, brain, placenta, lung, liver, muscle, kidney and pancreas.
  • Involvement in disease

    Cowden syndrome 1
    Lhermitte-Duclos disease
    Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome
    Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck
    Endometrial cancer
    PTEN mutations are found in a subset of patients with Proteus syndrome, a genetically heterogeneous condition. The molecular diagnosis of PTEN mutation positive cases classifies Proteus syndrome patients as part of the PTEN hamartoma syndrome spectrum. As such, patients surviving the early years of Proteus syndrome are likely at a greater risk of developing malignancies.
    Glioma 2
    VACTERL association with hydrocephalus
    Prostate cancer
    Macrocephaly/autism syndrome
    A microdeletion of chromosome 10q23 involving BMPR1A and PTEN is a cause of chromosome 10q23 deletion syndrome, which shows overlapping features of the following three disorders: Bannayan-Zonana syndrome, Cowden disease and juvenile polyposis syndrome.
  • Sequence similarities

    Contains 1 C2 tensin-type domain.
    Contains 1 phosphatase tensin-type domain.
  • Domain

    The C2 domain binds phospholipid membranes in vitro in a Ca(2+)-independent manner; this binding is important for its tumor suppressor function.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    Constitutively phosphorylated by CK2 under normal conditions. Phosphorylated in vitro by MAST1, MAST2, MAST3 and STK11. Phosphorylation results in an inhibited activity towards PIP3. Phosphorylation can both inhibit or promote PDZ-binding. Phosphorylation at Tyr-336 by FRK/PTK5 protects this protein from ubiquitin-mediated degradation probably by inhibiting its binding to NEDD4. Phosphorylation by ROCK1 is essential for its stability and activity. Phosphorylation by PLK3 promotes its stability and prevents its degradation by the proteasome.
    Monoubiquitinated; monoubiquitination is increased in presence of retinoic acid. Deubiquitinated by USP7; leading to its nuclear exclusion. Monoubiquitination of one of either Lys-13 and Lys-289 amino acid is sufficient to modulate PTEN compartmentalization. Ubiquitinated by XIAP/BIRC4.
  • Cellular localization

    Secreted. May be secreted via a classical signal peptide and reenter into cells with the help of a poly-Arg motif and Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Nucleus, PML body. Monoubiquitinated form is nuclear. Nonubiquitinated form is cytoplasmic. Colocalized with PML and USP7 in PML nuclear bodies. XIAP/BIRC4 promotes its nuclear localization.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • 10q23del antibody
    • BZS antibody
    • DEC antibody
    • GLM2 antibody
    • MGC11227 antibody
    • MHAM antibody
    • MMAC1 antibody
    • MMAC1 phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 antibody
    • Mutated in multiple advanced cancers 1 antibody
    • Phosphatase and tensin homolog antibody
    • Phosphatase and tensin like protein antibody
    • Phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphatase and dual-specificity protein phosphatase PTEN antibody
    • Pten antibody
    • PTEN_HUMAN antibody
    • PTEN1 antibody
    • TEP1 antibody
    see all

Images

  • Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human renal cell carcinoma tissue stained for PTEN using ab238032 at 2 μg/mL in immunohistochemical analysis.

  • Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human prostate carcinoma tissue stained for PTEN using ab238032 at 2 μg/mL in immunohistochemical analysis.

  • ab238032 was tested in protein array against over 19000 different full-length human proteins.
    Z- and S- Score: The Z-score represents the strength of a signal that a monoclonal antibody (MAb) (in combination with a fluorescently-tagged anti-IgG secondary antibody) produces when binding to a particular protein on the HuProtTM array. Z-scores are described in units of standard deviations (SD's) above the mean value of all signals generated on that array. If targets on HuProtTM are arranged in descending order of the Z-score, the S-score is the difference (also in units of SD's) between the Z-score. S-score therefore represents the relative target specificity of a MAb to its intended target.
    A MAb is specific to its intended target if the MAb has an S-score of at least 2.5. For example, if a MAb binds to protein X with a Z-score of 43 and to protein Y with a Z-score of 14, then the S-score for the binding of that MAb to protein X is equal to 29.

References

ab238032 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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