Description

  • Product name

    Recombinant Human AIF protein
    See all AIF proteins and peptides
  • Purity

    > 95 % SDS-PAGE.
    ab177656 was purified using conventional chromatography.
  • Expression system

    Escherichia coli
  • Accession

  • Protein length

    Full length protein
  • Animal free

    No
  • Nature

    Recombinant
    • Species

      Human
    • Sequence

      MGSSHHHHHH SSGLVPRGSH MGSEFLGLTP EQKQKKAALS ASEGEEVPQD KAPSHVPFLL IGGGTAAFAA ARSIRARDPG ARVLIVSEDP ELPYMRPPLS KELWFSDDPN VTKTLRFKQW NGKERSIYFQ PPSFYVSAQD LPHIENGGVA VLTGKKVVQL DVRDNMVKLN DGSQITYEKC LIATGGTPRS LSAIDRAGAE VKSRTTLFRK IGDFRSLEKI SREVKSITII GGGFLGSELA CALGRKARAL GTEVIQLFPE KGNMGKILPE YLSNWTMEKV RREGVKVMPN AIVQSVGVSS GKLLIKLKDG RKVETDHIVA AVGLEPNVEL AKTGGLEIDS DFGGFRVNAE LQARSNIWVA GDAACFYDIK LGRRRVEHHD HAVVSGRLAG ENMTGAAKPY WHQSMFWSDL GPDVGYEAIG LVDSSLPTVG VFAKATAQDN PKSATEQSGT GIRSESETES EASEITIPPS TPAVPQAPVQ GEDYGKGVIF YLRDKVVVGI VLWNIFNRMP IARKIIKDGE QHEDLNEVAK LFNIHED
    • Predicted molecular weight

      59 kDa including tags
    • Amino acids

      98 to 609
    • Tags

      His tag N-Terminus
    • Additional sequence information

      NP_665811

Specifications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab177656 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

  • Applications

    SDS-PAGE

  • Form

    Liquid
  • Concentration information loading...

Preparation and Storage

  • Stability and Storage

    Shipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.

    Information available upon request.

General Info

  • Alternative names

    • AIFM1
    • AIFM1_HUMAN
    • Apoptosis inducing factor
    • Apoptosis inducing factor 1, mitochondrial
    • Apoptosis inducing factor, mitochondrion associated, 1
    • Apoptosis-inducing factor 1
    • CMTX4
    • COWCK
    • COXPD6
    • Harlequin
    • Hq
    • mAIF
    • MGC111425
    • MGC5706
    • mitochondrial
    • Neuropathy, axonal motor-sensory, with deafness and mental retardation
    • neuropathy, axonal, motor-sensory with deafness and mental retardation (Cowchock syndrome)
    • PDCD 8
    • PDCD8
    • Programmed cell death 8
    • Programmed cell death 8 (apoptosis inducing factor)
    • Programmed cell death 8 isoform 1
    • Programmed cell death 8 isoform 2
    • Programmed cell death 8 isoform 3
    • Programmed cell death protein 8
    • Programmed cell death protein 8 mitochondrial
    • Programmed cell death protein 8 mitochondrial precursor
    • Striatal apoptosis inducing factor
    see all
  • Function

    Probable oxidoreductase that has a dual role in controlling cellular life and death; during apoptosis, it is translocated from the mitochondria to the nucleus to function as a proapoptotic factor in a caspase-independent pathway, while in normal mitochondria, it functions as an antiapoptotic factor via its oxidoreductase activity. The soluble form (AIFsol) found in the nucleus induces 'parthanatos' i.e., caspase-independent fragmentation of chromosomal DNA. Interacts with EIF3G,and thereby inhibits the EIF3 machinery and protein synthesis, and activates casapse-7 to amplify apoptosis. Plays a critical role in caspase-independent, pyknotic cell death in hydrogen peroxide-exposed cells. Binds to DNA in a sequence-independent manner.
  • Involvement in disease

    Defects in AIFM1 are the cause of combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency type 6 (COXPD6) [MIM:300816]. It is a mitochondrial disease resulting in a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by psychomotor delay, hypotonia, areflexia, muscle weakness and wasting.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the FAD-dependent oxidoreductase family.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    Under normal conditions, a 54-residue N-terminal segment is first proteolytically removed during or just after translocation into the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) by the mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP) to form the inner-membrane-anchored mature form (AIFmit). During apoptosis, it is further proteolytically processed at amino-acid position 101 leading to the generation of the mature form, which is confined to the mitochondrial IMS in a soluble form (AIFsol). AIFsol is released to the cytoplasm in response to specific death signals, and translocated to the nucleus, where it induces nuclear apoptosis in a caspase-independent manner.
  • Cellular localization

    Mitochondrion intermembrane space. Mitochondrion inner membrane. Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasm > perinuclear region. Proteolytic cleavage during or just after translocation into the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) results in the formation of an inner-membrane-anchored mature form (AIFmit). During apoptosis, further proteolytic processing leads to a mature form, which is confined to the mitochondrial IMS in a soluble form (AIFsol). AIFsol is released to the cytoplasm in response to specific death signals, and translocated to the nucleus, where it induces nuclear apoptosis. Colocalizes with EIF3G in the nucleus and perinuclear region.
  • Information by UniProt

Images

  • 15% SDS-PAGE analysis of ab177656 (3 µg).

References

ab177656 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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