Probably plays a role in cartilage scaffolding. May act by antagonizing TGF-beta1 (TGFB1) and IGF1 functions. Has the ability to suppress IGF1-induced proliferation and sulfated proteoglycan synthesis, and inhibits ligand-induced IGF1R autophosphorylation. May inhibit TGFB1-mediated induction of cartilage matrix genes via its interaction with TGFB1. Overexpression may lead to impair chondrocyte growth and matrix repair and indirectly promote inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi) supersaturation in aging and osteoarthritis cartilage.
Specifically expressed in cartilage. Localizes in the intermediates layer of articular cartilage but neither in the superficial nor in the deepest regions. Specifically and highly expressed in intervertebral disk tissue. Expression increases with aging in hip articular cartilage. Overexpressed in articular hyaline cartilage from patients with calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease (CPPD). Expression in intervertebral disk tissue from individuals with lumbar disk disease increases as disk degeneration progresses.
Involvement in disease
Defects in CILP are a cause of susceptibility to intervertebral disk disease (IDD) [MIM:603932]. A common musculo-skeletal disorder caused by degeneration of intervertebral disks of the lumbar spine. It results in low-back pain and unilateral leg pain. Note=Susceptibility to intervertebral disk disease, is conferred by variant p.Ile395Thr (PubMed:15864306).