This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the mitochondrial inner membrane and has steroid 11-beta-hydroxylase activity. In addition to this activity, the 18 or 19-hydroxylation of steroids and the aromatization of androstendione to estrone have also been ascribed to cytochrome P450 XIB.
Defects in CYP11B1 are the cause of adrenal hyperplasia type 4 (AH4) [MIM:202010]. AH4 is a form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia, a common recessive disease due to defective synthesis of cortisol. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is characterized by androgen excess leading to ambiguous genitalia in affected females, rapid somatic growth during childhood in both sexes with premature closure of the epiphyses and short adult stature. Four clinical types: "salt wasting" (SW, the most severe type), "simple virilizing" (SV, less severely affected patients), with normal aldosterone biosynthesis, "non-classic form" or late onset (NC or LOAH), and "cryptic" (asymptomatic). AH4 patients usually have hypertension.
Mitochondrion inner membrane.
SDS-PAGE - Recombinant Human CYP11B1 protein (ab158257)
ab158257 on a 12.5% SDS-PAGE stained with Coomassie Blue.
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