Oxidizes glucose-6-phosphate and glucose, as well as other hexose-6-phosphates.
Present in most tissues examined, strongest in liver.
Involvement in disease
Defects in H6PD are a cause of cortisone reductase deficiency (CRD) [MIM:604931]. In CRD, activation of cortisone to cortisol does not occur, resulting in adrenocorticotropin-mediated androgen excess and a phenotype resembling polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
In the N-terminal section; belongs to the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase family. In the C-terminal section; belongs to the glucosamine/galactosamine-6-phosphate isomerase family. 6-phosphogluconolactonase subfamily.