OTU domain containing ubiquitin aldehyde binding protein 1
OTU domain, ubiquitin aldehyde binding 1
OTU domain-containing Ubal-binding protein 1
OTU domain-containing ubiquitin aldehyde-binding protein 1
OTU-domain Ubal-binding 1
Ubiquitin specific processing protease OTUB1
Ubiquitin thioesterase OTUB1
ubiquitin-specific protease otubain 1
Ubiquitin-specific-processing protease OTUB1
Hydrolase that can remove conjugated ubiquitin from proteins and plays an important regulatory role at the level of protein turnover by preventing degradation. Regulator of T-cell anergy, a phenomenon that occurs when T-cells are rendered unresponsive to antigen rechallenge and no longer respond to their cognate antigen. Acts via its interaction with RNF128/GRAIL, a crucial inductor of CD4 T-cell anergy. Isoform 1 destabilizes RNF128, leading to prevent anergy. In contrast, isoform 2 stabilizes RNF128 and promotes anergy. Surprisingly, it regulates RNF128-mediated ubiquitination, but does not deubiquitinate polyubiquitinated RNF128. Deubiquitinates estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1). Mediates deubiquitination of 'Lys-48'-linked polyubiquitin chains, but not 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitin chains. Not able to cleave di-ubiquitin. Also capable of removing NEDD8 from NEDD8 conjugates, but with a nuch lower preference compared to 'Lys-48'-linked ubiquitin.
Isoform 1 is ubiquitous. Isoform 2 is expressed only in lymphoid tissues such as tonsils, lymph nodes and spleen, as well as peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
Belongs to the peptidase C65 family. Contains 1 OTU domain.
In addition to ubiquitin-binding at the Cys-91 active site, a proximal ubiquitin-binding site is also present at Cys-23 Occupancy of the active site is needed to enable tight binding to the second site. Distinct binding sites for the ubiquitins may allow to discriminate among different isopeptide linkages (i.e. 'Lys-48'-, 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitin) in polyubiquitin substrates and achieve linkage-specific deubiquitination.