Modulates the processing of Wnt proteins. Probable protein-cysteine N-palmitoyltransferase that palmitoylates Wnt family members.
Isoform 1 is expressed in fetal brain, brain, amygdala, caudate nucleus, cerebellum, hippocampus, pituitary, thalamus, heart, skeletal muscle and testis. Isoform 4 is expressed in amygdala, corpus callosum, hippocampus, spinal cord, kidney, liver, lung, spleen, uterus, testis. Isoform 2 and isoform 3 are expressed in substantia negra, spinal cord, heart and lung.
Involvement in disease
Defects in PORCN are the cause of focal dermal hypoplasia (FODH) [MIM:305600]; also known as Goltz Gorlin syndrome. A rare congenital ectomesodermal disorder characterized by a combination of skin defects, skeletal abnormalities, and ocular anomalies. Affected individuals have patchy dermal hypoplasia, often in a distribution pattern following the Blaschko lines, and areas of subcutaneous fat herniation or deposition of fat into the dermis. In addition, sparse and brittle hair, hypoplastic nails and papillomas have been described. Skeletal abnormalities usually comprise syndactyly, ectrodactyly, and brachydactyly, and in some cases osteopathia striata has been seen. Patients frequently have ocular anomalies, including microphthalmia/ anophthalmia, coloboma, pigmentary and vascularization defects of the retina. Dental abnormalities are often present.
Belongs to the membrane-bound acyltransferase family. Porcupine subfamily.