Overview

Description

  • Nature

    Recombinant
  • Source

    Escherichia coli
  • Amino Acid Sequence
    • Accession
    • Species

      Human
    • Sequence

      GSHMAMQMQL EANADTSVEE ESFGPQPISR LEQCGINAND VKKLEEAGFH TVEAVAYAPK KELINIKGIS EAKADKILAE AAKLVPMGFT TATEFHQRRS EIIQITTGSK ELDKLLQGGI ETGSITEMFG EFRTGKTQIC HTLAVTCQLP IDRGGGEGKA MYIDTEGTFR PERLLAVAER YGLSGSDVLD NVAYARAFNT DHQTQLLYQA SAMMVESRYA LLIVDSATAL YRTDYSGRGE LSARQMHLAR FLRMLLRLAD EFGVAVVITN QVVAQVDGAA MFAADPKKPI GGNIIAHAST TRLYLRKGRG ETRICKIYDS PCLPEAEAMF AINADGVGDA KD
    • Amino acids

      1 to 339

Specifications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab63808 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

  • Biological activity

    Retain nuclear filament forming and strand-exchange activity as well as interaction with Rad52.

    ab63808 confirmed to possess single strand DNA stimulated ATPase activity.

  • Applications

    Functional Studies

    SDS-PAGE

    Western blot

  • Purity

    > 95 % SDS-PAGE.
    Highly purified by several steps of chromatography.
  • Form

    Liquid
  • Additional notes

    This protein can be used for:

    1) Studies on homologous recombination mechanism and SOS response.

    2) Useful in the screening using probe from library by promotion of DNA hybridization.

    3) Facilitate DNA observation by electron microscope due to nucleofilament formation with DNA.

  • Concentration information loading...

Preparation and Storage

  • Stability and Storage

    Shipped at 4°C. Upon delivery aliquot and store at -20°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycles.

    pH: 8.00
    Constituents: 0.75% Potassium chloride, 0.0154% DTT, 0.316% Tris HCl, 0.0146% EDTA, 10% Glycerol

    This product is an active protein and may elicit a biological response in vivo, handle with caution.

General Info

  • Alternative names

    • BRCA1/BRCA2 containing complex, subunit 5
    • BRCC 5
    • BRCC5
    • DNA repair protein RAD51 homolog 1
    • DNA repair protein rhp51
    • FANCR
    • hRAD51
    • HsRAD51
    • HsT16930
    • MRMV2
    • Rad 51
    • RAD51
    • RAD51 homolog
    • RAD51 homolog (RecA homolog, E. coli) (S. cerevisiae)
    • RAD51 homolog A
    • RAD51 recombinase
    • RAD51, S. cerevisiae, homolog of
    • RAD51_HUMAN
    • RAD51A
    • RECA
    • RecA like protein
    • RecA, E. coli, homolog of
    • Recombination protein A
    see all
  • Function

    Plays an important role in homologous strand exchange, a key step in DNA repair through homologous recombination. Binds to single and double-stranded DNA and exhibits DNA-dependent ATPase activity. Catalyzes the recognition of homology and strand exchange between homologous DNA partners to form a joint molecule between a processed DNA break and the repair template. Binds to single-stranded DNA in an ATP-dependent manner to form nucleoprotein filaments which are essential for the homology search and strand exchange (PubMed:26681308). Part of a PALB2-scaffolded HR complex containing BRCA2 and RAD51C and which is thought to play a role in DNA repair by HR. Plays a role in regulating mitochondrial DNA copy number under conditions of oxidative stress in the presence of RAD51C and XRCC3.
  • Tissue specificity

    Highly expressed in testis and thymus, followed by small intestine, placenta, colon, pancreas and ovary. Weakly expressed in breast.
  • Involvement in disease

    Breast cancer
    Mirror movements 2
    Defects in RAD51 are found in a patient with microcephaly, mental retardation without bone marrow failure and pediatric cancers.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the RecA family. RAD51 subfamily.
    Contains 1 HhH domain.
  • Domain

    The nuclear localization may reside in the C-terminus (between 259 and 339 AA).
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    Ubiquitinated by the SCF(FBXO18) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, regulating RAD51 subcellular location and preventing its association with DNA.
    Phosphorylated. Phosphorylation of Thr-309 by CHEK1 may enhance association with chromatin at sites of DNA damage and promote DNA repair by homologous recombination. Phosphorylation by ABL1 inhibits function.
  • Cellular localization

    Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Mitochondrion matrix. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Colocalizes with RAD51AP1 and RPA2 to multiple nuclear foci upon induction of DNA damage. DNA damage induces an increase in nuclear levels. Together with FIGNL1, redistributed in discrete nuclear DNA damage-induced foci after ionizing radiation (IR) or camptothecin (CPT) treatment. Accumulated at sites of DNA damage in a SPIDR-dependent manner.
  • Information by UniProt

Images

References

ab63808 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

Customer reviews and Q&As

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Rad51

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Coomassie Staining of 5ug loading

Abcam user community

Verified customer

Submitted Jan 25 2018

Question
Answer

This recombinant Rad51 is a full length protein (39,966 daltons according to Uniprot has additional peptide) which contains 3 additional amino acids, Gly-Ser-His, at the N-terminus.

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Answer

Thank you for your enquiry. I can confirm the following regarding ab63808 Rad51 protein: 1). The purity is better > 95% as judged from SDS-PAGE analysis Yes 2). It should possess single strand DNA stimulated ATPase activity. Yes 3). It can be used for the studies on homologous recombination in mammals including human Yes 4). It can be used to study the interaction of Rad51 protein with various proteins. Yes I hope this information will be helpful to you. Should you have any further questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.

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