Product nameAnti-Smad2 antibody
See all Smad2 primary antibodies
DescriptionRabbit polyclonal to Smad2
Tested applicationsSuitable for: WB, IP, ICC/IF, ChIPmore details
Species reactivityReacts with: Human
Predicted to work with: Mouse, Rat, Chicken, Cow, Xenopus laevis, Rhesus monkey
Recombinant fragment within Human Smad2 (internal sequence). The exact sequence is proprietary.
Database link: Q15796
- IP: HeLa whole cell lysate. ChIP: HeLa whole cell lysate. ICC/IF: HeLa cells. WB: HeLa whole cell lysate.
Storage instructionsShipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C long term. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
Storage bufferpH: 7.00
Preservative: 0.01% Thimerosal (merthiolate)
Constituents: 1.21% Tris, 0.75% Glycine, 20% Glycerol
Concentration information loading...
PurityImmunogen affinity purified
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab228807 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|WB||1/500 - 1/3000. Predicted molecular weight: 52 kDa.|
|IP||1/500 - 1/1000.|
|ICC/IF||1/100 - 1/1000.|
|ChIP||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
FunctionReceptor-regulated SMAD (R-SMAD) that is an intracellular signal transducer and transcriptional modulator activated by TGF-beta (transforming growth factor) and activin type 1 receptor kinases. Binds the TRE element in the promoter region of many genes that are regulated by TGF-beta and, on formation of the SMAD2/SMAD4 complex, activates transcription. May act as a tumor suppressor in colorectal carcinoma.
Tissue specificityExpressed at high levels in skeletal muscle, heart and placenta.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the dwarfin/SMAD family.
Contains 1 MH1 (MAD homology 1) domain.
Contains 1 MH2 (MAD homology 2) domain.
modificationsPhosphorylated on one or several of Thr-220, Ser-245, Ser-250, and Ser-255. In response to TGF-beta, phosphorylated on Ser-465/467 by TGF-beta and activin type 1 receptor kinases. Able to interact with SMURF2 when phosphorylated on Ser-465/467, recruiting other proteins, such as SNON, for degradation. In response to decorin, the naturally occurring inhibitor of TGF-beta signaling, phosphorylated on Ser-240 by CaMK2. Phosphorylated by MAPK3 upon EGF stimulation; which increases transcriptional activity and stability, and is blocked by calmodulin.
In response to TGF-beta, ubiquitinated by NEDD4L; which promotes its degradation.
Acetylated on Lys-19 by coactivators in response to TGF-beta signaling, which increases transcriptional activity. Isoform short: Acetylation increases DNA binding activity in vitro and enhances its association with target promoters in vivo. Acetylation in the nucleus by EP300 is enhanced by TGF-beta.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasmic and nuclear in the absence of TGF-beta. On TGF-beta stimulation, migrates to the nucleus when complexed with SMAD4. On dephosphorylation by phosphatase PPM1A, released from the SMAD2/SMAD4 complex, and exported out of the nucleus by interaction with RANBP1.
- Information by UniProt
- Drosophila, homolog of, MADR2 antibody
- hMAD-2 antibody
- HsMAD2 antibody
Anti-Smad2 antibody (ab228807) at 1/1000 dilution + HeLa (human epithelial cell line from cervix adenocarcinoma) whole cell lysate at 30 µg
HRP-conjugated anti-rabbit IgG
Predicted band size: 52 kDa
10% SDS-PAGE gel.
Paraformaldehyde-fixed HeLa (human epithelial cell line from cervix adenocarcinoma) cells stained for Smad2 (green) using ab228807 at 1/200 dilution in ICC/IF.
ab228807 immunoprecipitates Smad2 protein-DNA in ChIP experiments. ChIP Sample: HeLa whole cell lysate/extract A. 5 μg preimmune rabbit IgG B. 5 μg of ab228807. The precipitated DNA was detected by PCR with primer set targeting to E-cadherin promoter.
Smad2 was immunoprecipitated from HeLa (human epithelial cell line from cervix adenocarcinoma) whole cell lysate with 2 µg ab228807. Western blot was performed from the immunoprecipitate using ab228807 at 1/1000 dilution. Anti-Rabbit IgG was used as a secondary reagent.
Lane 1: HeLa whole cell lysate 50 µg.
Lane 2: Control IP in HeLa whole cell lysate with 2 μg of preimmune rabbit IgG.
Lane 3: ab228807 IP in HeLa whole cell lysate.
ab228807 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.