Recombinant
RabMAb

Recombinant Anti-Smad2 antibody [EP784Y] (Phycoerythrin) (ab212096)

Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-Smad2 antibody [EP784Y] (Phycoerythrin)
    See all Smad2 primary antibodies
  • Description

    Rabbit monoclonal [EP784Y] to Smad2 (Phycoerythrin)
  • Host species

    Rabbit
  • Conjugation

    Phycoerythrin. Ex: 488nm, Em: 575nm
  • Specificity

    This antibody is specific for MH 1 domain of Smad2.
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: ICC/IF, Flow Cytmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Human
    Predicted to work with: Rat
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide within Human Smad2 aa 50-150. The exact sequence is proprietary.
    Database link: Q15796

  • Positive control

    • Flow Cytometry: MCF7 cells ICC/IF: MCF7 cells
  • General notes

     

     

    Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab212096 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
ICC/IF 1/100.

This product gave a positive signal in MCF7 cells fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min)

Flow Cyt 1/1000.

Target

  • Function

    Receptor-regulated SMAD (R-SMAD) that is an intracellular signal transducer and transcriptional modulator activated by TGF-beta (transforming growth factor) and activin type 1 receptor kinases. Binds the TRE element in the promoter region of many genes that are regulated by TGF-beta and, on formation of the SMAD2/SMAD4 complex, activates transcription. May act as a tumor suppressor in colorectal carcinoma.
  • Tissue specificity

    Expressed at high levels in skeletal muscle, heart and placenta.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the dwarfin/SMAD family.
    Contains 1 MH1 (MAD homology 1) domain.
    Contains 1 MH2 (MAD homology 2) domain.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    Phosphorylated on one or several of Thr-220, Ser-245, Ser-250, and Ser-255. In response to TGF-beta, phosphorylated on Ser-465/467 by TGF-beta and activin type 1 receptor kinases. Able to interact with SMURF2 when phosphorylated on Ser-465/467, recruiting other proteins, such as SNON, for degradation. In response to decorin, the naturally occurring inhibitor of TGF-beta signaling, phosphorylated on Ser-240 by CaMK2. Phosphorylated by MAPK3 upon EGF stimulation; which increases transcriptional activity and stability, and is blocked by calmodulin.
    In response to TGF-beta, ubiquitinated by NEDD4L; which promotes its degradation.
    Acetylated on Lys-19 by coactivators in response to TGF-beta signaling, which increases transcriptional activity. Isoform short: Acetylation increases DNA binding activity in vitro and enhances its association with target promoters in vivo. Acetylation in the nucleus by EP300 is enhanced by TGF-beta.
  • Cellular localization

    Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasmic and nuclear in the absence of TGF-beta. On TGF-beta stimulation, migrates to the nucleus when complexed with SMAD4. On dephosphorylation by phosphatase PPM1A, released from the SMAD2/SMAD4 complex, and exported out of the nucleus by interaction with RANBP1.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • Drosophila, homolog of, MADR2 antibody
    • hMAD-2 antibody
    • HsMAD2 antibody
    • JV18 antibody
    • JV18-1 antibody
    • JV181 antibody
    • MAD antibody
    • MAD homolog 2 antibody
    • MAD Related Protein 2 antibody
    • Mad-related protein 2 antibody
    • MADH2 antibody
    • MADR2 antibody
    • MGC22139 antibody
    • MGC34440 antibody
    • Mother against DPP homolog 2 antibody
    • Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 2 antibody
    • Mothers against decapentaplegic, Drosophila, homolog of, 2 antibody
    • Mothers against DPP homolog 2 antibody
    • OTTHUMP00000163489 antibody
    • Sma and Mad related protein 2 antibody
    • Sma- and Mad-related protein 2 MAD antibody
    • SMAD 2 antibody
    • SMAD family member 2 antibody
    • SMAD, mothers against DPP homolog 2 antibody
    • SMAD2 antibody
    • SMAD2_HUMAN antibody
    see all

Images

  • ab212096 staining Smad2 in MCF7 cells. The cells were fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min), permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 for 5 minutes and then blocked with 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated overnight at +4°C with ab212096 at 1/100 dilution (pseudocolored in green). Nuclear DNA was labelled with DAPI (shown in blue).

    Image was taken with a confocal microscope (Leica-Microsystems, TCS SP8).

  • Overlay histogram showing MCF7 cells stained with ab212096 (red line). The cells were fixed with 4% formaldehyde and then permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Triton X-100 for 15 min. The cells were then incubated in 1x PBS / 10% normal goat serum to block non-specific protein-protein interactions followed by the antibody (ab212096, 1/1000 dilution) for 30 min at 22°C.          

    Isotype control antibody (black line) was rabbit IgG (monoclonal) Phycoerythrin (ab209478) used at the same concentration and conditions as the primary antibody. Unlabelled sample (blue line) was also used as a control. 

    Acquisition of >5,000 events were collected using a 50mW Yellow/Green laser (561nm) and 586/15 bandpass filter.               

    This antibody gave a positive signal in MCF7 cells fixed with 4% formaldehyde , permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Triton X-100 for 15 min used under the same conditions.

References

ab212096 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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