Overview

  • Product name

    Anti-Sonic Hedgehog antibody [EP1190Y] (Alexa Fluor® 488)
    See all Sonic Hedgehog primary antibodies
  • Description

    Rabbit monoclonal [EP1190Y] to Sonic Hedgehog (Alexa Fluor® 488)
  • Host species

    Rabbit
  • Conjugation

    Alexa Fluor® 488. Ex: 495nm, Em: 519nm
  • Tested applications

    Suitable for: ICC/IFmore details
  • Species reactivity

    Reacts with: Human
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide corresponding to Human Sonic Hedgehog. (within c-product subunit)

  • Positive control

    • ICC/IF: HepG2 cells.
  • General notes

    Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents.

    Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc, a Thermo Fisher Scientific Company. The Alexa Fluor® dye included in this product is provided under an intellectual property license from Life Technologies Corporation. As this product contains the Alexa Fluor® dye, the purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). As this product contains the Alexa Fluor® dye the sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components, or any materials made using the product or its components, in any activity to generate revenue, which may include, but is not limited to use of the product or its components: in manufacturing; (ii) to provide a service, information, or data in return for payment (iii) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; or (iv) for resale, regardless of whether they are sold for use in research. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, 5781 Van Allen Way, Carlsbad, CA 92008 USA or outlicensing@thermofisher.com.

    This product is a recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibody.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab203961 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
ICC/IF 1/200.

This product gave a positive signal in HepG2 cells fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min) and 100% methanol (5 min).

Target

  • Function

    Binds to the patched (PTC) receptor, which functions in association with smoothened (SMO), to activate the transcription of target genes. In the absence of SHH, PTC represses the constitutive signaling activity of SMO. Also regulates another target, the gli oncogene. Intercellular signal essential for a variety of patterning events during development: signal produced by the notochord that induces ventral cell fate in the neural tube and somites, and the polarizing signal for patterning of the anterior-posterior axis of the developing limb bud. Displays both floor plate- and motor neuron-inducing activity. The threshold concentration of N-product required for motor neuron induction is 5-fold lower than that required for floor plate induction.
  • Tissue specificity

    Expressed in fetal intestine, liver, lung, and kidney. Not expressed in adult tissues.
  • Involvement in disease

    Defects in SHH are the cause of microphthalmia isolated with coloboma type 5 (MCOPCB5) [MIM:611638]. Microphthalmia is a clinically heterogeneous disorder of eye formation, ranging from small size of a single eye to complete bilateral absence of ocular tissues. Ocular abnormalities like opacities of the cornea and lens, scaring of the retina and choroid, cataract and other abnormalities like cataract may also be present. Ocular colobomas are a set of malformations resulting from abnormal morphogenesis of the optic cup and stalk, and the fusion of the fetal fissure (optic fissure).
    Defects in SHH are the cause of holoprosencephaly type 3 (HPE3) [MIM:142945]. Holoprosencephaly (HPE) [MIM:236100] is the most common structural anomaly of the brain, in which the developing forebrain fails to correctly separate into right and left hemispheres. Holoprosencephaly is genetically heterogeneous and associated with several distinct facies and phenotypic variability. The majority of HPE3 cases are apparently sporadic, although clear examples of autosomal dominant inheritance have been described. Interestingly, up to 30% of obligate carriers of HPE3 gene in autosomal dominant pedigrees are clinically unaffected.
    Defects in SHH are a cause of solitary median maxillary central incisor (SMMCI) [MIM:147250]. SMMCI is a rare dental anomaly characterized by the congenital absence of one maxillary central incisor.
    Defects in SHH are the cause of triphalangeal thumb-polysyndactyly syndrome (TPTPS) [MIM:174500]. TPTPS is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by a wide spectrum of pre- and post-axial abnormalities due to altered SHH expression pattern during limb development. TPTPS mutations have been mapped to the 7q36 locus in the LMBR1 gene which contains in its intron 5 a long-range cis-regulatory element of SHH expression.
  • Sequence similarities

    Belongs to the hedgehog family.
  • Post-translational
    modifications

    The C-terminal domain displays an autoproteolysis activity and a cholesterol transferase activity. Both activities result in the cleavage of the full-length protein and covalent attachment of a cholesterol moiety to the C-terminal of the newly generated N-terminal fragment (N-product). The N-product is the active species in both local and long-range signaling, whereas the C-product has no signaling activity.
    Cholesterylation is required for N-product targeting to lipid rafts and multimerization.
    N-palmitoylation of Cys-24 by HHAT is required for N-product multimerization and full activity.
  • Cellular localization

    Cell membrane. The N-product either remains associated with lipid rafts at the cell surface, or forms freely diffusible active multimers with its hydrophobic lipid-modified N- and C-termini buried inside and Secreted > extracellular space. The C-terminal peptide diffuses from the cell.
  • Information by UniProt
  • Database links

  • Alternative names

    • HHG 1 antibody
    • HHG-1 antibody
    • HHG1 antibody
    • HLP 3 antibody
    • HLP3 antibody
    • Holoprosencephaly 3 antibody
    • HPE 3 antibody
    • HPE3 antibody
    • MCOPCB5 antibody
    • shh antibody
    • SHH_HUMAN antibody
    • SMMC I antibody
    • SMMCI antibody
    • Sonic Hedgehog (Drosophila) homolog antibody
    • sonic hedgehog homolog (Drosophila) antibody
    • Sonic hedgehog homolog antibody
    • Sonic hedgehog protein antibody
    • Sonic hedgehog protein C-product antibody
    • TPT antibody
    • TPTPS antibody
    see all

Images

  • ab203961 staining Sonic Hedgehog in HepG2 cells. The cells were fixed with 4% formaldehyde (10 min), permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 for 5 minutes and then blocked with 1% BSA/10% normal goat serum/0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h. The cells were then incubated overnight at +4°C with ab203961 at 1/200 dilution (shown in green) and ab195889, Mouse monoclonal to alpha Tubulin (Alexa Fluor® 594), at 1/250 dilution (shown in red). Nuclear DNA was labelled with DAPI (shown in blue).

    Image was taken with a confocal microscope (Leica-Microsystems, TCS SP8).

    This product also gave a positive signal under the same testing conditions in HepG2 cells fixed with 100% methanol (5min).

References

This product has been referenced in:

See 1 Publication for this product

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