Overview

  • Product name
    Anti-Tau antibody [E178] - BSA and Azide free
    See all Tau primary antibodies
  • Description
    Rabbit monoclonal [E178] to Tau - BSA and Azide free
  • Host species
    Rabbit
  • Specificity

    The mouse and rat recommendation is based on the WB results. We do not guarantee IHC-P for mouse and rat.

  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: WB, IP, IHC-Pmore details
    Unsuitable for: Flow Cyt
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Human
    Predicted to work with: Cow
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide (the amino acid sequence is considered to be commercially sensitive) corresponding to Human Tau aa 700-800.

  • Positive control
    • IP: Human fetal brain lysates. IHC-P: Human brain and Human cerebrum.
  • General notes

    The formulation and the concentration of this product is compatible for metal-conjugation for mass cytometry (CyTOF®).

    ab218600 is a PBS-only buffer formulated version of ab32057, containing no BSA or sodium azide, ideal for antibody labeling. Please refer to ab32057 for information on protocols, dilutions, and image data.

    Use our conjugation kits for antibody conjugates that are ready-to-use in as little as 20 minutes with <1 minute hands-on-time and 100% antibody recovery: available for fluorescent dyes, HRP, biotin and gold.

    Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents.

    We are constantly working hard to ensure we provide our customers with best in class antibodies. As a result of this work we are pleased to now offer this antibody in purified format. We are in the process of updating our datasheets. The purified format is designated 'PUR' on our product labels. If you have any questions regarding this update, please contact our Scientific Support team.

    This product is a recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibody.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab218600 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
WB Use at an assay dependent concentration. Predicted molecular weight: 79 kDa.
IP Use at an assay dependent concentration.
IHC-P Use at an assay dependent concentration. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval before commencing with IHC staining protocol.

See IHC antigen retrieval protocols.

The mouse and rat recommendation is based on the WB results. We do not guarantee IHC-P for mouse and rat.

  • Application notes
    Is unsuitable for Flow Cyt.
  • Target

    • Function
      Promotes microtubule assembly and stability, and might be involved in the establishment and maintenance of neuronal polarity. The C-terminus binds axonal microtubules while the N-terminus binds neural plasma membrane components, suggesting that tau functions as a linker protein between both. Axonal polarity is predetermined by tau localization (in the neuronal cell) in the domain of the cell body defined by the centrosome. The short isoforms allow plasticity of the cytoskeleton whereas the longer isoforms may preferentially play a role in its stabilization.
    • Tissue specificity
      Expressed in neurons. Isoform PNS-tau is expressed in the peripheral nervous system while the others are expressed in the central nervous system.
    • Involvement in disease
      Note=In Alzheimer disease, the neuronal cytoskeleton in the brain is progressively disrupted and replaced by tangles of paired helical filaments (PHF) and straight filaments, mainly composed of hyperphosphorylated forms of TAU (PHF-TAU or AD P-TAU).
      Defects in MAPT are a cause of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) [MIM:600274]; also called frontotemporal dementia (FTD), pallido-ponto-nigral degeneration (PPND) or historically termed Pick complex. This form of frontotemporal dementia is characterized by presenile dementia with behavioral changes, deterioration of cognitive capacities and loss of memory. In some cases, parkinsonian symptoms are prominent. Neuropathological changes include frontotemporal atrophy often associated with atrophy of the basal ganglia, substantia nigra, amygdala. In most cases, protein tau deposits are found in glial cells and/or neurons.
      Defects in MAPT are a cause of Pick disease of the brain (PIDB) [MIM:172700]. It is a rare form of dementia pathologically defined by severe atrophy, neuronal loss and gliosis. It is characterized by the occurrence of tau-positive inclusions, swollen neurons (Pick cells) and argentophilic neuronal inclusions known as Pick bodies that disproportionally affect the frontal and temporal cortical regions. Clinical features include aphasia, apraxia, confusion, anomia, memory loss and personality deterioration.
      Note=Defects in MAPT are a cause of corticobasal degeneration (CBD). It is marked by extrapyramidal signs and apraxia and can be associated with memory loss. Neuropathologic features may overlap Alzheimer disease, progressive supranuclear palsy, and Parkinson disease.
      Defects in MAPT are a cause of progressive supranuclear palsy type 1 (PSNP1) [MIM:601104, 260540]; also abbreviated as PSP and also known as Steele-Richardson-Olszewski syndrome. PSNP1 is characterized by akinetic-rigid syndrome, supranuclear gaze palsy, pyramidal tract dysfunction, pseudobulbar signs and cognitive capacities deterioration. Neurofibrillary tangles and gliosis but no amyloid plaques are found in diseased brains. Most cases appear to be sporadic, with a significant association with a common haplotype including the MAPT gene and the flanking regions. Familial cases show an autosomal dominant pattern of transmission with incomplete penetrance; genetic analysis of a few cases showed the occurrence of tau mutations, including a deletion of Asn-613.
    • Sequence similarities
      Contains 4 Tau/MAP repeats.
    • Developmental stage
      Four-repeat (type II) tau is expressed in an adult-specific manner and is not found in fetal brain, whereas three-repeat (type I) tau is found in both adult and fetal brain.
    • Domain
      The tau/MAP repeat binds to tubulin. Type I isoforms contain 3 repeats while type II isoforms contain 4 repeats.
    • Post-translational
      modifications
      Phosphorylation at serine and threonine residues in S-P or T-P motifs by proline-directed protein kinases (PDPK: CDK1, CDK5, GSK-3, MAPK) (only 2-3 sites per protein in interphase, seven-fold increase in mitosis, and in PHF-tau), and at serine residues in K-X-G-S motifs by MAP/microtubule affinity-regulating kinase (MARK) in Alzheimer diseased brains. Phosphorylation decreases with age. Phosphorylation within tau's repeat domain or in flanking regions seems to reduce tau's interaction with, respectively, microtubules or plasma membrane components. Phosphorylation on Ser-610, Ser-622, Ser-641 and Ser-673 in several isoforms during mitosis.
      Polyubiquitinated. Requires functional TRAF6 and may provoke SQSTM1-dependent degradation by the proteasome (By similarity). PHF-tau can be modified by three different forms of polyubiquitination. 'Lys-48'-linked polyubiquitination is the major form, 'Lys-6'-linked and 'Lys-11'-linked polyubiquitination also occur.
      Glycation of PHF-tau, but not normal brain tau. Glycation is a non-enzymatic post-translational modification that involves a covalent linkage between a sugar and an amino group of a protein molecule forming ketoamine. Subsequent oxidation, fragmentation and/or cross-linking of ketoamine leads to the production of advanced glycation endproducts (AGES). Glycation may play a role in stabilizing PHF aggregation leading to tangle formation in AD.
    • Cellular localization
      Cytoplasm > cytosol. Cell membrane. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton. Cell projection > axon. Mostly found in the axons of neurons, in the cytosol and in association with plasma membrane components.
    • Information by UniProt
    • Database links
    • Form
      There are 9 isoforms produced by alternative splicing.
    • Alternative names
      • AI413597 antibody
      • AW045860 antibody
      • DDPAC antibody
      • FLJ31424 antibody
      • FTDP 17 antibody
      • G protein beta1/gamma2 subunit interacting factor 1 antibody
      • MAPT antibody
      • MAPTL antibody
      • MGC134287 antibody
      • MGC138549 antibody
      • MGC156663 antibody
      • Microtubule associated protein tau antibody
      • Microtubule associated protein tau isoform 4 antibody
      • Microtubule-associated protein tau antibody
      • MSTD antibody
      • Mtapt antibody
      • MTBT1 antibody
      • MTBT2 antibody
      • Neurofibrillary tangle protein antibody
      • Paired helical filament tau antibody
      • Paired helical filament-tau antibody
      • PHF tau antibody
      • PHF-tau antibody
      • PPND antibody
      • PPP1R103 antibody
      • Protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 103 antibody
      • pTau antibody
      • RNPTAU antibody
      • TAU antibody
      • TAU_HUMAN antibody
      • Tauopathy and respiratory failure, included antibody
      see all

    Images

    • Immunohistochemistry (Formalin/PFA-fixed paraffin-embedded sections) analysis of Human cerebrum tissue sections labeling Tau with purified ab32057 at 1/4000 dilution (0.03 µg/ml). Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval using ab93684 (Tris/EDTA buffer, pH 9.0). ImmunoHistoProbe one step HRP Polymer (ready to use) was used as the secondary antibody. Negative control: PBS instead of the primary antibody. Hematoxylin was used as a counterstain.

      This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32057).

    • ab32057 (purified) at 1/20 dilution (0.5ug) immunoprecipitating Tau in Human fetal brain lysates.
      Lane 1: Human fetal brain lysates 10ug
      Lane 2 (+): ab32057 & Human fetal brain lysates
      Lane 3 (-): Rabbit monoclonal IgG (ab172730) instead of ab32057 in Human fetal brain lysates
      For western blotting, VeriBlot for IP Detection Reagent (HRP) (ab131366) was used at 1/1000 dilution.
      Blocking and diluting buffer: 5% NFDM/TBST.

      This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32057).

    • Ab32057, at a dilution of 1/500, staining Tau in paraffin embedded human brain sections by Immunohistochemistry.

      This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab32057).

    • This IHC data was generated using the same anti-Tau antibody clone, E178, in a different buffer formulation (cat# ab32057).

      Immunohistochemistical detection of Tau antibody [E178] (ab32057) on formaldehyde-fixed paraffin-embedded human salivary gland sections. Antigen retrieval step: Heat mediated.  Buffer Used: Citric acid pH6. Permeabilization: No.  Blocking step: 1% BSA for 10 mins @ 21°C. ab32057 incubated at 1/1000 for 2 hours @  21°C in TBS/BSA/azide. Secondary antibody:  anti rabbit IgG conjugated to Biotin (1/200). NB: An interesting pattern of positivity that seems to be supported by the Human Protein Atlas. Coloured arrowheads in the submitted image indicate features: red for positive serous glands, blue for positive intra-lobular collecting ducts, black for negative mucous glands (there is a serous demilune around this acinus), yellow for intralobular collecting ducts, green for nerve tracks in the interlobular areas, blue for positive interlobular collecting ducts. There appears to be a population of positive nuclei but this may b

    • This IHC data was generated using the same anti-Tau antibody clone, E178, in a different buffer formulation (cat# ab32057).

      Immunohistochemistical detection of Tau antibody [E178] (ab32057) on formaldehyde fixed paraffin-embedded rat tongue sectionsAntigen retrieval step: Heat mediated. Buffer Used: Citric acid pH6. Permeabilization: None. Primary antibody incubated at 1/1000 for 2 hours @ 21°C in TBS/BSA/azide. Secondary antibody: anti Rabbit IgG Conjugated to Biotin (1/200). A strong pattern of immunostaining which appears to be mostly localised to nerve fibres and their cell bodies (Islet of Langerhans cells are also positive). In submitted image of central area of tongue coloured arrowheads indicate features: red for nerves cut in cross-section (T/S), each brown dot representing a single axon green for what appears to me to be small nerve fibres wrapping around a partial muscle fibre black for a Ganglion containing seven positive nerve cell bodies. Surrounding these are collagen fibres (C), adipocytes (A) and skeletal/striated muscle fibres in L/S ( M-

    References

    This product has been referenced in:
    • Schmidt AF  et al. Intra-amniotic LPS causes acute neuroinflammation in preterm rhesus macaques. J Neuroinflammation 13:238 (2016). IHC-P ; Rhesus monkey . Read more (PubMed: 27596440) »
    • Wagner J  et al. Reducing tau aggregates with anle138b delays disease progression in a mouse model of tauopathies. Acta Neuropathol 130:619-31 (2015). WB ; Mouse . Read more (PubMed: 26439832) »
    See all 13 Publications for this product

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