Abcam’s TMB ELISA Substrate (Slowest Kinetic Rate) contains 3,3’,5,5’-tetramethylbenzidine in a mildly acidic buffer. The substrate is supplied as a ready to use solution. Unreacted substrate should be colorless or very light yellow in appearance. When this substrate system is reacted with peroxidase, a soluble blue reaction product is obtained. The reaction can be stopped using appropriate stop solution (see below), producing a soluble yellow or soluble blue reaction product, depending upon the stop reagent used, which is stable for at least 1 hour. ab171527 is not recommended for membrane or immunohistochemical applications that require a precipitating reaction product.
1. Allow substrate to equilibrate to room temperature (25°C) before use. Be sure to protect it from light during this process.
2. After final antibody incubation and wash steps, tap the ELISA plate to remove excess liquid and add 100 µL of TMB substrate. The amount of substrate used should be tailored to your assay requirements.
3. A soluble, blue color will slowly develop and can be read at 650 nm.
4. Color development time can range between 10-40 minutes depending on the assay and will also depend on the method used to stop the reaction (see below). It is recommended that development time be optimized for your particular assay condition, however, a substrate color development time of less than 10 minutes is not recommended to ensure consistency of results.
5. In endpoint assays, the substrate reaction can be stopped using equal volumes of 1 N HCl, 0.6 N sulfuric acid, or one of the Stop Solutions for TMB Substrates. (See 6a and 6b for O.D. recommendations)
6. Stop Solutions have been optimized based on the desired endpoint.
a) The 450 nm Stop Solution is ab171529. They produce a soluble yellow product. Since stopping the reaction increases sample absorbance values approximately 2.5 fold, the maximum O.D. at 650 nm should be 1.2 to 1.3.
b) The 650 nm Stop Solution is ab171531, which maintains the soluble blue color. Stopping with these reagents allows for the generation of O.D. values at 650 nm of up to 3.0, above which absorbance values are no longer linear with concentration. The 650 nm Stop Reagents are recommended for assays that need a large dynamic range without sacrificing detection limit.
7. If the reaction color is too intense, it is recommended that you dilute either your antibody or conjugate. Dilution of the TMB substrate is NOT recommended.
Product should be stored at 2-8°C. Exposure to direct sunlight and other UV sources should be avoided due to the light sensitive nature of the TMB molecule.
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab171527 in the following tested applications.
|ELISA||1/1. 100 µL of substrate solution is added to each well.|
ab171527 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.