Recombinant
RabMAb

Recombinant Anti-Ubiquitin (linkage-specific K48) antibody [EP8589] - Low endotoxin, Azide free (ab221211)

Overview

  • Product name
    Anti-Ubiquitin (linkage-specific K48) antibody [EP8589] - Low endotoxin, Azide free
    See all Ubiquitin primary antibodies
  • Description
    Rabbit monoclonal [EP8589] to Ubiquitin (linkage-specific K48) - Low endotoxin, Azide free
  • Host species
    Rabbit
  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: WB, Flow Cyt, ICC/IF, IHC-Pmore details
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Mouse, Rat, Human
  • Immunogen

    Synthetic peptide corresponding to residues in Human Polyubiquitin-C.

  • Positive control
    • K48-linked-Ub2-7 This antibody gave a positive result when used in the following methanol fixed cell lines: MCF-7
  • General notes

    The formulation and the concentration of this product is compatible for metal-conjugation for mass cytometry (CyTOF®). 

    The mouse and rat recommendation is based on the WB results. This antibody may not be suitable for IHC with mouse or rat samples.

    Use our conjugation kits for antibody conjugates that are ready-to-use in as little as 20 minutes with <1 minute hands-on-time and 100% antibody recovery: available for fluorescent dyes, HRP, biotin and gold.

    Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents.

    This product is a recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibody.

Properties

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab221211 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
WB Use at an assay dependent concentration. Detects a band of approximately 17-60 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 77 kDa).
Flow Cyt Use at an assay dependent concentration.

ab199376 - Rabbit monoclonal IgG, is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.

ICC/IF Use at an assay dependent concentration.
IHC-P Use at an assay dependent concentration.

Target

  • Relevance
    Function: Ubiquitin exists either covalently attached to another protein, or free (unanchored). When covalently bound, it is conjugated to target proteins via an isopeptide bond either as a monomer (monoubiquitin), a polymer linked via different Lys residues of the ubiquitin (polyubiquitin chains) or a linear polymer linked via the initiator Met of the ubiquitin (linear polyubiquitin chains). Polyubiquitin chains, when attached to a target protein, have different functions depending on the Lys residue of the ubiquitin that is linked: Lys-6-linked may be involved in DNA repair; Lys-11-linked is involved in ERAD (endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation) and in cell-cycle regulation; Lys-29-linked is involved in lysosomal degradation; Lys-33-linked is involved in kinase modification; Lys-48-linked is involved in protein degradation via the proteasome; Lys-63-linked is involved in endocytosis, DNA-damage responses as well as in signaling processes leading to activation of the transcription factor NF-kappa-B. Linear polymer chains formed via attachment by the initiator Met lead to cell signaling. Ubiquitin is usually conjugated to Lys residues of target proteins, however, in rare cases, conjugation to Cys or Ser residues has been observed. When polyubiquitin is free (unanchored-polyubiquitin), it also has distinct roles, such as in activation of protein kinases, and in signaling. Similarity: Belongs to the ubiquitin family. Contains 3 ubiquitin-like domains.
  • Cellular localization
    Cell Membrane, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • Database links
  • Alternative names
    • Epididymis secretory protein Li 50 antibody
    • FLJ25987 antibody
    • HEL S 50 antibody
    • MGC8385 antibody
    • Polyubiquitin B antibody
    • RPS 27A antibody
    • RPS27A antibody
    • UBA 52 antibody
    • UBA 80 antibody
    • UBA52 antibody
    • UBA80 antibody
    • UBB antibody
    • UBB_HUMAN antibody
    • UBC antibody
    • UBCEP 1 antibody
    • UBCEP 2 antibody
    • UBCEP1 antibody
    • UBCEP2 antibody
    • Ubiquitin antibody
    • Ubiquitin B antibody
    see all

Images

  • Purified ab140601 staining Ubiquitin (linkage-specific K48) in MCF7 (Human breast adenocarcinoma cell line) cells by ICC/IF (Immunocytochemistry/immunofluorescence). Cells were fixed with 4% Paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100. Samples were incubated with primary antibody at a dilution of 1/500. A goat anti rabbit IgG (Alexa Fluor® 488) (ab150077) was used as the secondary antibody at a dilution of 1/1000. ab195889 was used as a counterstain for primary antibody ab133645 at 1/2000. DAPI was used as a nuclear counterstain and PBS as a negative control.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab140601).

  • Purified ab140601 staining Ubiquitin (linkage-specific K48) in human endometrium carcinoma tissue sections by Immunohistochemistry (IHC-P - paraformaldehyde-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections). Tissue was fixed with paraformaldehyde and antigen retrieval was by heat mediation in a EDTA buffer. Samples were incubated with primary antibody at a dilution of 1/250. A goat anti-rabbit IgG H&L (HRP) ab97051 was used as the secondary antibody at a dilution of 1/500.

    Negative control 1: PBS in place of primary antibody.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab140601).

  • ICC/IF image of ab140601 stained MCF-7 cells. The cells were 100% methanol fixed (5 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody ab140601 at 10µg/ml overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was DyLight® 488 goat anti- rabbit (ab96899) IgG (H+L) used at a 1/250 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab140601).

  • Overlay histogram showing HeLa cells stained with ab140601 (red line). The cells were fixed with 80% methanol (5 min) and then permeabilized with 0.1% PBS-Tween for 20 min. The cells were then incubated in 1x PBS / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine to block non-specific protein-protein interactions followed by the antibody (ab140601, 1/100 dilution) for 30 min at 22°C. The secondary antibody used was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H&L) (ab150077) at 1/2000 dilution for 30 min at 22°C. Isotype control antibody (black line) was rabbit IgG (monoclonal) (1µg/1x106 cells) used under the same conditions. Unlabelled sample (blue line) was also used as a control. Acquisition of >5,000 events were collected using a 20mW Argon ion laser (488nm) and 525/30 bandpass filter.

    This data was developed using the same antibody clone in a different buffer formulation containing PBS, BSA, glycerol, and sodium azide (ab140601).

References

ab221211 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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