Affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific phosphopeptide. The antibody against non-phosphopeptide was removed by chromatography using non-phosphopeptide corresponding to the phosphorylation site.
Plays a role in T-cell development and lymphocyte activation. Essential for TCR-mediated IL-2 production. Isoform 1 induces TCR-mediated signal transduction, isoform 2 does not.
Expressed in T- and natural killer cells.
Involvement in disease
Defects in ZAP70 are the cause of selective T-cell defect (STD) [MIM:176947]. STD is an autosomal recessive form of severe combined immunodeficiency characterized by a selective absence of CD8-type T-cells.
Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. Tyr protein kinase family. SYK/ZAP-70 subfamily. Contains 1 protein kinase domain. Contains 2 SH2 domains.
The SH2 domains bind to the phosphorylated tyrosine-based activation motif (TAM) of CD3Z and the non-canonical phosphorylated tyrosine-based activation motif (TAM) of RHOH.
Phosphorylated on tyrosine residues upon T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) stimulation. Tyr-319 phosphorylation is essential for full activity.
Cytoplasm. Cell membrane. After antigen stimulation, isoform 1 concentrates at the immunological synapse and isoform 2 remains cytoplasmic. Co-localizes together with RHOH in the immunological synapse. RHOH is required for its proper localization to the cell membrane and cytoskeleton fractions in the thymocytes.
ab60970 at 1/50 - 1/100 dilution staining ZAP70 in human lymph node by immunohistochemistry on paraffin-embedded tissue, in the absence or presence of the immunising phosphopeptide.
Western blot - Anti-ZAP70 (phospho Y315) antibody (ab60970)
All lanes : Anti-ZAP70 (phospho Y315) antibody (ab60970) at 500 cells
Lane 1 : Jurkat (human T cell leukemia cell line from peripheral blood) treated with 40 nM Ca2+, whole cell lysate Lane 2 : Jurkat incubated with 40 nM Ca2+, whole cell lysate incubated with phospho-peptide